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Math - Geometry Lesson Plans : Surface Area of Cylinders

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Mensuration - Formulae for Surface Area of Cylinders
 

A cylinder is a solid which has a uniform, circular cross-section.


cylinder

Curved surface area of a cylinder = 2 π r h
where r is the radius and h is the height.
In the figure alongside of the cylinder, r = PS = QR.
In the figure alongside of the cylinder, h = PQ = RS.
In the figure alongside of the cylinder, curved surface area = 2 π × PS × PQ.

Example
Find the curved surface area (in cm2) of a cylinder of diameter 14 cm and height 20 cm.
Solution. Let the radius of the cylinder be r and the height be h.
Curved surface area of a cylinder = 2 π r h
= 2 × 22 / 7 × 7 × 20 = 880 cm2.


cylinder

Total surface area of a cylinder = 2 π r h + 2 π r2
In the figure alongside of the cylinder, total surface area = 2 π × PS × PQ + 2 π × PS2.

Example
Find the total surface area (in cm2) of a cylinder of radius 3.5 cm and height 10 cm.
Solution. Let the radius of the cylinder be r and the height be h.
Total surface area of a cylinder = 2 π r h + 2 π r2
= 2 π r (h + r) = 2 × 22 / 7 × 3.5 (10 + 3.5) = 297 cm2.



hollow cylinder

Curved surface area of a hollow cylinder = 2 π R h + 2 π r h
where R is the external radius and r is the internal radius.

Example
Find the curved surface area (in cm2) of a hollow cylinder of external radius 7 cm given that its thickness is 1 cm and height is 21 cm.
Solution. Let the external radius, the internal radius and the height of the hollow cylinder be R, r and h respectively.
r = 7 − 1 = 6 cm.
Curved surface area of a hollow cylinder = 2 π R h + 2 π r h
= 2 π h (R + r) = 2 × 22 / 7 × 21 (7 + 6) = 1716 cm2.


hollow cylinder

Total surface area of a hollow cylinder = 2 π R h + 2 π r h + 2 (π R2 − π r2)

Example
A hollow cylinder (open at both ends) has an external diameter of 28 cm, length of 14 cm and thickness of 2 cm. Find its total surface area (in cm2 upto two decimal places).
Solution. Let the external radius, the internal radius and the height of the hollow cylinder be R, r and h respectively.
r = 14 − 2 = 12 cm.
Total surface area of a hollow cylinder = 2 π R h + 2 π r h + 2 (π R2 − π r2)
= 2 × 22 / 7 × 14 × 14 + 2 × 22 / 7 × 12 × 14 + 2 (22 / 7 × 142 − 22 / 7 × 122) = 2614.86 cm2.


Math - Geometry Lesson Plans : Practice Exercise for Surface Area of Cylinders

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