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Earth Science - New York Regents August 2005 Exam


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: Multiple choice

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1.

Compared to Earth’s solar system, the universe is inferred to be
(1) younger and larger
(2) younger and smaller
(3) older and larger
(4) older and smaller

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2.

Terrestrial planets move more rapidly in their orbits than the Jovian planets because terrestrial planets are
(1) rotating on a tilted axis
(2) more dense
(3) more massive
(4) closer to the Sun

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3.

Which event is a direct result of Earth’s revolution?
(1) the apparent deflection of winds
(2) the changing of the Moon phases
(3) the seasonal changes in constellations viewed in the night sky
(4) the daily rising and setting of the Sun

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4.

The cyclic rise and fall of ocean tides on Earth is primarily caused by Earth’s rotation and the
(1) temperature differences in ocean currents
(2) revolution of Earth around the Sun
(3) direction of Earth’s planetary winds
(4) gravitational attraction of the Moon and the Sun

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5.

The apparent change in direction of a swinging Foucault pendulum is the result of the
(1) rotation of Earth
(2) revolution of Earth
(3) tilt of Earth’s axis
(4) shape of Earth’s orbit

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6.

Which statement about Polaris is best illustrated by the diagrams shown below?

(1) Polaris is located in a winter constellation.
(2) Polaris is located at the zenith at each location.
(3) Polariss apparent movement through the sky follows a south-to-north orientation.
(4) Polariss altitude is equal to a location’s latitude.

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7.

The diagram below represents the shape of the Milky Way Galaxy.

The Milky Way Galaxy is best described as
(1) elliptical
(2) irregular 
(3) circular
(4) spiral

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8.

Compared to the temperature and luminosity of the star Polaris, the star Sirius is
(1) hotter and more luminous
(2) hotter and less luminous
(3) cooler and more luminous
(4) cooler and less luminous

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9.

The Big Bang Theory, describing the creation of the universe, is most directly supported by the
(1) redshift of light from distant galaxies
(2) presence of volcanoes on Earth
(3) apparent shape of star constellations
(4) presence of craters on Earth’s Moon

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10.

Which process requires water to gain 540 calories of energy per gram?
(1) vaporization
(2) condensation 
(3) melting 
(4) freezing

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11.

Which geographic area is a common source region for cP air masses that move into New York State?
(1) southwestern United States
(2) central Canada
(3) the north Pacific Ocean
(4) the Gulf of Mexico

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12.

A parcel of air has a dry-bulb temperature of 24°C and a relative humidity of 55%. What is the dewpoint of this parcel of air?
(1) 6°C
(2) 14°C 
(3) 24°C
(4) 29°C

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13.

Which statement can best be supported by the fossil record?
(1) Humans have lived on Earth throughout geologic history.
(2) The organisms on Earth have not changed.
(3) Most life-forms that existed on Earth have become extinct.
(4) Dinosaurs existed on Earth for more than 544 million years.

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14.

The diagram below shows a geologic cross section. Letters A through D represent different rock units.
Which sequence correctly shows the age of the lettered rock units, from oldest to youngest?
(1) ABCD
(2) CDAB
(3) DBAC
(4) DCBA

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