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US History and Government - New York Regents August 2010 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 The presence of which pair of geographic
  conditions discouraged the development of a
  plantation economy in the New England
  colonies?
  (1) wide coastal plain and absence of good harbors
  (2) rocky soil and short growing season
  (3) numerous rivers and humid climate
  (4) flatlands and lack of forests

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 What was the main cause of the French and
  Indian War (1754–1763)?
  (1) disputed land claims in the Ohio River valley
      between the French and the British
  (2) conflicts between American colonists and the
      French over control of the Great Plains
  (3) taxation of American colonists without
      representation in Parliament
  (4) violation of trade agreements between
      European nations and Native American
      Indians

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 The British government’s use of writs of
  assistance against American merchants is one
  reason the Bill of Rights includes protection
  against
  (1) cruel and unusual punishment
  (2) self-incrimination
  (3) excessive bail
  (4) unreasonable search and seizure

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 “. . . Every thing that is right or reasonable pleads
  for separation. The blood of the slain, the
  weeping voice of nature cries, ’TIS TIME TO
  PART. . . .”
                       — Thomas Paine, Common Sense
  In this quotation, Thomas Paine is trying to
  convince the colonists to
  (1) accept the Proclamation of 1763
  (2) break a treaty with Spain
  (3) declare their independence from England
  (4) dissolve their alliance with France

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Shays’ Rebellion of 1786 was significant because it
  (1) showed that the English still had influence
      after the American Revolution
  (2) convinced many Americans of the need for a
      stronger national government
  (3) revealed the increased threat from rebellious
      Native American Indians
  (4) endangered the lives of many recent
      immigrants

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The Great Compromise reached at the
  Constitutional Convention resulted in the
  (1) formation of the Supreme Court
  (2) creation of a bicameral legislature
  (3) development of a two-party system
  (4) ban on the importation of enslaved Africans

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Building support for the ratification of the United
  States Constitution was the purpose of the
  (1) Farewell Address of George Washington
  (2) Albany Plan of Union
  (3) Mayflower Compact
  (4) Federalist Papers

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Federalism is best defined as a principle of
  government that
  (1) divides power between the central government
      and state governments
  (2) includes a system of checks and balances
  (3) allows the states to nullify national laws
  (4) places the most power in the hands of the
      legislative branch

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 “All bills for raising revenue shall originate in the
  House of Representatives; . . .”
          — Article 1, Section 7, United States Constitution
  The main reason the writers of the Constitution
  included this provision was to
  (1) give citizens more influence over taxation issues
  (2) assure that all citizens would pay taxes
  (3) deny presidents the power to veto revenue bills
  (4) provide the government with a balanced
      budget

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 The United States Constitution grants the Senate
   the power to
   (1) impeach governors
   (2) issue pardons
   (3) appoint ambassadors
   (4) approve treaties

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 Which statement about the electoral college
   system is accurate?
   (1) The number of electoral votes a state receives
       is based on its geographic size.
   (2) A candidate can be elected president without
       the majority of the popular vote.
   (3) Presidential candidates are forced to
       campaign equally in every state.
   (4) The total number of electoral votes has
       increased with each census.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 President George Washington set a precedent for
   all future presidents by
   (1) appointing a career soldier to be Secretary of
        War
   (2) choosing a friend to be Chief Justice of the
        Supreme Court
   (3) campaigning actively for the office
   (4) creating a cabinet of advisors

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 A major reason President Thomas Jefferson
   authorized the Lewis and Clark expedition was to
   (1) claim California for the United States
   (2) explore a route to the Pacific Ocean
   (3) remove British outposts from United States
       land
   (4) establish settlements in the Southwest

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Starting with the election of President Andrew
   Jackson (1828), voter participation increased due
   to the
   (1) passage of an amendment ending religious
       qualifications for voting
   (2) extension of suffrage to Native American
       Indians
   (3) end of property requirements for voting by
       many states
   (4) arrival of more immigrants from nations with
       democratic governments

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 “Compromise Enables Maine and Missouri to Enter
    the Union”
   “California Joins the Union As Part of Compromise
    of 1850”
   “Kansas-Nebraska Act Establishes Popular
    Sovereignty in the Territories”
   Which issue is most closely associated with these
   headlines?
   (1) status of slavery in new states
   (2) negotiation of the Oregon Treaty
   (3) expansion of land for reservations
   (4) influence of political parties on economic
       development

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 During the 185os, Irish immigrants were often
   discriminated against because they
   (1) refused to participate in local politics
   (2) displaced slave labor in the South
   (3) arrived in the United States with great wealth
   (4) practiced the Roman Catholic religion

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 In his first inaugural address, President Abraham
   Lincoln stated his main goal for the nation was to
   (1) use the vote to resolve the conflict over slavery
   (2) free all slaves in the United States
   (3) uphold the Dred Scott decision
   (4) preserve the Union

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 Poll taxes, literacy tests, and grandfather clauses
   were adopted in Southern States primarily to
   (1) enforce the terms of the 15th amendment
   (2) keep African Americans from exercising their
       right to vote
   (3) stop criminals and immigrants from voting
   (4) eliminate bribery and corruption at polling
       places

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 During the late 180os, major improvements to a
   nationwide system of trade were made with the
   (1) construction of a network of canals
   (2) use of steamboats on rivers
   (3) completion of transcontinental railroads
   (4) construction of toll roads

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

Base your answer to question 20 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.

20 The principal message of the cartoon is that the Standard Oil Company
   (1) used its size to lower the prices of its products
   (2) protected the nation from foreign competition
   (3) used its economic power to influence government decisions
   (4) employed violence to gain an unfair advantage for its workers

  1

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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