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US History and Government - New York Regents January 2011 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, write on the separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

   Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the
chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Based on the rankings on the census chart, the
  most populous state in 1900 and 1950 was
  (1) California            (3) Massachusetts
  (2) Illinois              (4) New York

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Based on the ranking from the 2000 census,
  which pair of states had the greatest number of
  electors in the 2008 presidential election?
  (1) Florida and California
  (2) Iowa and Indiana
  (3) Pennsylvania and Virginia
  (4) California and Texas

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3.

3 Which city is correctly paired with the geographic
  feature that most directly affected its growth?
  (1) New Orleans — Pacific Ocean
  (2) New York City — Chesapeake Bay
  (3) Chicago — Great Lakes
  (4) Los Angeles — Appalachian Mountains

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4.

4 The Mayflower Compact is considered an
  important step in the development of American
  democracy because it
  (1) established the principle of separation of
      church and state
  (2) provided a basis for self-government in the
      Plymouth Colony
  (3) defined relations with local Native American
      Indians
  (4) outlawed slavery in the Massachusetts Bay
      Colony

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5.

5 Which economic policy was based on the idea
  that the American colonies existed primarily to
  provide economic benefits for Great Britain?
  (1) mercantilism
  (2) socialism
  (3) free trade
  (4) laissez-faire capitalism

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6.

6 Why did the authors of the Articles of
  Confederation create a weak central government?
  (1) They lacked an understanding of state
      problems.
  (2) They anticipated the threat of foreign
      invasion.
  (3) They relied on advice from royal governors.
  (4) They feared the kind of rule experienced
      under the British monarchy.

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7.

7 The Three-fifths Compromise was included in
  the Constitution to resolve a conflict over the
  (1) counting of enslaved persons in relation to
      taxation and representation
  (2) reimbursement of plantation owners for
      runaway slaves
  (3) number of votes needed to approve a treaty in
      the Senate
  (4) number of states needed to ratify a proposed
      amendment

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8.

8 What is one feature of the political system
  created by the original Constitution of the United
  States?
  (1) guaranteeing equal legal rights to all persons
  (2) requiring the federal government to maintain
      a balanced budget
  (3) dividing powers between the national and
      state governments
  (4) granting more power to the executive branch
      than to the other branches of government

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9.

    Base your answer to question 9 on the quotation
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent
   alliances with any portion of the foreign world; so
   far, I mean, as we are now at liberty to do it; for
   let me not be understood as capable of
   patronizing infidelity to existing engagements. I
   hold the maxim [principle] no less applicable to
   public than to private affairs, that honesty is
   always the best policy. I repeat it, therefore, let
   those engagements be observed in their genuine
   sense. But, in my opinion, it is unnecessary and
   would be unwise to extend them.…
                       — President George Washington,
                                Farewell Address, 1796
 9 President Washington was offering this advice
   because he believed
   (1) the destiny of the United States was to rule
       other countries
   (2) the United States should seek alliances with
       other nations
   (3) alliances could draw the United States into
       wars
   (4) the United States should break its agreements
       with France

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10.

10 At the Constitutional Convention, the delegates
   agreed that Congress should have the power to
   (1) declare laws unconstitutional
   (2) levy and collect taxes
   (3) select the president
   (4) eliminate slavery in the states

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11.

11 Which action is an example of the system of
   checks and balances?
   (1) An individual pays both a state and a federal
       income tax.
   (2) New York State requires at least 180 school
       days per year.
   (3) The House of Representatives votes to expel
       one of its members.
   (4) The Senate approves a president’s nominee to
       the Supreme Court.

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12.

12 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?
      I. _______
         A. Creation of a national bank
         B. Full funding of the national debt
         C. Collection of an excise tax on
            whiskey
   (1)   The Spoils System
   (2)   The American System
   (3)   Hamilton’s Financial Plan
   (4)   Constitutional Amendments

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13.

13 One reason President Thomas Jefferson
   supported the Louisiana Purchase was that he
   wanted to
   (1) gain full control of the Mississippi River
   (2) establish a base for controlling the Caribbean
   (3) maintain control of the slave trade
   (4) acquire an established manufacturing region

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14.

14 The Monroe Doctrine (1823) established the
   United States foreign policy that
   (1) provided foreign aid to developing nations
   (2) opposed the creation of new colonies in Latin
       America
   (3) led directly to the Civil War
   (4) encouraged expansion into East Asia

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15.

15 In the early 180os, which factor was most
   important in the development of Northern
   manufacturing centers?
   (1) abundance of water power
   (2) availability of slave labor in the North
   (3) development of gold mines
   (4) access to passes through the Appalachian
       Mountains

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16.

16 “Uncle Tom’s Cabin Stirs Controversy”
   “Kansas Rocked by Bloody Conflict”
   “John Brown’s Raid Angers South”
   Which statement about the United States in the
   185os is best supported by these headlines?
   (1) The nation had grown increasingly divided
       over the future of slavery.
   (2) Americans had lost confidence in the plan for
       Reconstruction.
   (3) Northern and Southern voters were united in
       support of popular sovereignty.
   (4) Support for the abolitionist movement
       decreased during this period.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 Both the Homestead Act (1862) and the Pacific
   Railway Act (1862) were efforts by the federal
   government to
   (1) provide land to minority groups
   (2) resolve conflicts with Native American
       Indians
   (3) encourage settlement west of the Mississippi
       River
   (4) support settlement of former plantation lands

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18.

18 After the Civil War, Southern state legislatures
   attempted to restrict the rights of formerly
   enslaved persons by
   (1) passing Black Codes
   (2) ratifying the 15th amendment
   (3) supporting the goals of the Radical
       Republicans
   (4) enacting legislation to strengthen the
       Freedmen’s Bureau

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19.

19 In the late 180os, which factor directly
   contributed to the growth of the steel industry?
   (1) government regulation of the industry
   (2) employee ownership of the industry
   (3) new production techniques that increased
       efficiency
   (4) court decisions that allowed collective
       bargaining

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20.

20 Most nativists of the late 180os would most likely
   have supported the
   (1) creation of settlement houses to aid new
       immigrants
   (2) passage of the Chinese Exclusion Act
   (3) continuation of the contract labor system
   (4) assimilation of Native American Indians into
       mainstream culture

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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