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US History and Government - New York Regents June 2011 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 Primary sources of information about the colonial
  era would include a
  (1) journal entry by a member of the Second
      Continental Congress
  (2) textbook passage about the settlement of
      Pennsylvania
  (3) recent newspaper article commemorating the
      birth of Patrick Henry
  (4) television program about the Declaration of
      Independence

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which geographic area was added to the United
  States by the Louisiana Purchase?
  (1) Appalachian Mountains
  (2) Columbia River valley
  (3) Great Plains
  (4) Piedmont Plateau

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 Which heading best completes the partial outline
  below?
     I. _______
        A. Mayflower Compact
        B. House of Burgesses
        C. New England town meetings
  (1) Attempts to Overthrow British Rule
  (2) Development of Self-Government in the
      American Colonies
  (3) Establishment of British Parliamentary
      Control Over the Colonies
  (4) Social Reform Movements in the American
      Colonies

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 In the 170os, the triangular trade led directly to the
  (1) middle colonies’ role as the chief importers of
      agricultural products
  (2) rapid industrialization of the southern
      colonies
  (3) decline of the New England economy
  (4) increased importation of enslaved Africans to
      the Western Hemisphere

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 American colonists showed their opposition to
  the British taxation and trade restrictions of the
  176os primarily by
  (1) supporting the French against the British
  (2) boycotting products from Great Britain
  (3) overthrowing the royal governors in most of
      the colonies
  (4) purchasing additional products from Native
      American Indian tribes

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 Which idea guided the development of the
  Articles of Confederation?
  (1) A strong central government would threaten
      the rights of the people.
  (2) All the people should be granted the right to
      vote.
  (3) Most power should rest with the judicial
      branch.
  (4) Only the central government would have the
      power to levy taxes.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 “…The accumulation of all powers, legislative,
  executive, and judiciary, in the same hands,
  whether of one, a few, or many, and whether
  hereditary, self-appointed, or elective, may justly
  be pronounced the very definition of tyranny….”
                                    — James Madison
  Which feature of the United States Constitution
  was included to address the concern expressed by
  James Madison?
  (1) electoral college
  (2) checks and balances
  (3) Bill of Rights
  (4) amendment process

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 The primary purpose of the Federalist Papers was to
  (1) justify the American Revolution to the
      colonists
  (2) promote the continuation of British rule
  (3) encourage ratification of the United States
      Constitution
  (4) support the election of George Washington as
      president

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 Which statement most accurately explains why
  the institution of slavery was continued under the
  original Constitution of the United States?
  (1) The early factory system relied on the labor of
      slaves.
  (2) The majority of American families owned
      several slaves.
  (3) Slave rebellions made most whites oppose
      freedom for African Americans.
  (4) Southern states would not agree to a
      constitution that banned slavery.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 The elastic clause of the United States
   Constitution gives Congress the power to
   (1) “make rules for the government and
       regulation of the land and naval forces;…”
   (2) “regulate commerce with foreign nations, and
       among the several states, and with the Indian
       tribes;…”
   (3) “lay and collect taxes, duties, imports and
       excises,…”
   (4) “make all laws which shall be necessary and
       proper for carrying into execution the
       foregoing powers,…”

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 What was a significant effect of Supreme Court
   decisions under Chief Justice John Marshall
   (1801–1835)?
   (1) The powers of the federal government were
       increased.
   (2) The extension of slavery was limited.
   (3) The president’s use of the veto power was
       restricted.
   (4) The states were given more control over
       interstate commerce.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 How did completion of the Erie Canal in 1825
   affect United States commerce?
   (1) New York City lost business as manufacturing
       centers grew in the West.
   (2) United States exports to European countries
       declined.
   (3) Western farmers gained better access to East
       Coast markets.
   (4) The Midwest became the center of textile
       production.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 During the 183os, the development of a national
   two-party political system was mainly the result of
   (1) conflicts over the use of the Monroe Doctrine
   (2) debates over the National Bank and tariffs
   (3) disputes over the Oregon boundary
   (4) controversy over the Indian Removal Act

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

Base your answers to questions 14 and 15 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

14 The map illustrates the impact on the United States of the
   (1) Great Compromise                    (3) Dred Scott decision
   (2) Missouri Compromise                 (4) Emancipation Proclamation

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 Information on the map supports the conclusion that congressional leaders in 1820 and
   1821 wanted to
   (1) maintain an equal number of free and slave states
   (2) ban slavery west of the Mississippi River
   (3) bring slavery to the Oregon Country
   (4) open territories in the North to slavery

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

Base your answer to question 16 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.

16 Which conclusion can best be drawn from the information in this chart?
   (1) The Southern states led the nation in manufacturing.
   (2) Manufacturing production in the Western states exceeded that of the New England states.
   (3) The Middle states led the nation in all categories related to manufacturing.
   (4) The New England states depended more on agriculture than on manufacturing.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 Which argument was used by President Abraham
   Lincoln to explain his policy of leniency toward
   the South after the Civil War?
   (1) Most Southerners have remained loyal to the
       Union during the war.
   (2) Most Southerners are willing to grant equality
       to formerly enslaved persons.
   (3) The federal government has no authority to
       punish states for secession.
   (4) Healing the nation’s wounds quickly is
       essential.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 In the Compromise of 1877 that ended
   Reconstruction, Republicans agreed to
   (1) withdraw federal troops from the South
   (2) support the Black Codes
   (3) award the presidency to Democrat Samuel
       Tilden
   (4) accept the Supreme Court decision in Dred
       Scott v. Sanford

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 In the late 180os, rapid industrial development
   resulted in
   (1) a decrease in tariff rates
   (2) a decrease in population growth
   (3) an increase in the rate of urbanization
   (4) an increase in the price of farm products

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 Which geographic feature connected the iron ore
   fields of the upper Midwest to major steel
   centers?
   (1) Great Lakes
   (2) Gulf of Mexico
   (3) Hudson River
   (4) Tennessee River valley

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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