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US History and Government - New York Regents August 2011 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 During the colonial period, goods were most
  commonly transported on
  (1) rivers              (3) railroads
  (2) canals              (4) turnpikes

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which protection in the Bill of Rights is most
  directly related to the 1735 trial of John Peter
  Zenger?
  (1) freedom of the press
  (2) right to bear arms
  (3) ban on unreasonable searches
  (4) freedom from double jeopardy

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 In the publication Common Sense, Thomas Paine
  argued that
  (1) foreign nations would reject an independent
      American government
  (2) the British government would be impossible
      to overthrow
  (3) America was dependent on British trade and
      protection
  (4) the American colonies should break away
      from England

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Shays’ Rebellion (1786) became a concern for
  many national leaders because it
  (1) indicated there would be future conflicts over
      the spread of slavery
  (2) exposed fundamental weaknesses in government under the Articles of Confederation
  (3) pointed to the need for federal government
      regulation of interstate commerce
  (4) showed that frontier settlements were
      vulnerable to raids by Native American Indians

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 The establishment of the president’s cabinet as
  part of the United States government was the
  result of a
  (1) law passed by Congress
  (2) constitutional amendment
  (3) precedent started by George Washington
  (4) ruling of the United States Supreme Court

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 Which action is an example of judicial review?
  (1) Congress increased the number of justices on
      the Supreme Court.
  (2) The Supreme Court declared part of the
      Judiciary Act of 1789 unconstitutional.
  (3) The Supreme Court heard a case involving a
      United States ambassador.
  (4) The Chief Justice presided over the impeachment trial of President Andrew Johnson.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 The right of habeas corpus establishes the
  principle that
  (1) people accused of a crime have a right to a
      lawyer
  (2) all punishments for crimes should be
      reasonable
  (3) a person should not be forced to be a witness
      against himself
  (4) no person should be held in custody unless
      charged with a crime

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Alexander Hamilton’s proposal to create a
  national bank and Thomas Jefferson’s proposal to
  purchase the Louisiana Territory were criticized
  because both actions would
  (1) place too much power in the hands of
      Congress
  (2) violate protections in the Bill of Rights
  (3) increase foreign influence in the United States
  (4) require a loose interpretation of the
      Constitution

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 The main purpose of the Monroe Doctrine
  (1823) was to
  (1) stake a claim to Mexican territory
  (2) limit European influence in the Americas
  (3) force the British out of the Oregon Territory
  (4) establish full control over Canada

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 Which Supreme Court decision is most closely
   associated with the Trail of Tears?
   (1) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
   (2) Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
   (3) Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
   (4) Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 “Missouri Compromise Allows Two New States Into
    the Union”
   “Congress Agrees to Compromise of 1850”
   “Popular Sovereignty Adopted Under KansasNebraska Act”
   Which issue is reflected in these headlines?
   (1) status of slavery in the territories and states
   (2) growth of agriculture on the Great Plains
   (3) clash of federal and state powers
   (4) conflicts with foreign nations over the West

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 What was a major result of the Civil War?
   (1) The judiciary became the dominant branch of
       the federal government.
   (2) Congress passed an amendment to provide
       for the direct election of senators.
   (3) The power of the central government was
       strengthened.
   (4) States were given the right to secede from the
       Union.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 What was a result of the disputed presidential
   election of 1876?
   (1) Reconstruction ended as federal troops were
       removed from the South.
   (2) Slavery was reestablished in the South by
       state legislatures.
   (3) New state laws were passed in the South to
       guarantee equal rights for African Americans.
   (4) A constitutional amendment was adopted to
       correct problems with the electoral college
       system.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 During the late 180os, the idea of Social
   Darwinism was used to explain the
   (1) development of the Granger movement
   (2) need for settlement homes
   (3) creation of a national parks system
   (4) success or failure of businesses

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

    Base your answers to questions 15 and 16 on the
poster below and on your knowledge of social studies.

15 How was this land offer different from the land
   offer in the Homestead Act (1862)?
   (1) Purchasers had to be citizens.
   (2) People had to pay for this land.
   (3) Buyers needed farming experience.
   (4) This land was on the Atlantic Coast.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 The federal government supported the land offer
   made in this advertisement by
   (1) encouraging exploration for gold and silver
   (2) creating a sharecropping system after the
       Civil War
   (3) protecting the hunting grounds of Native
       American Indians
   (4) giving public land to railroad companies to
       help finance railroad construction

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 The Supreme Court decision in the case of
   Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) affected civil rights in
   the United States by
   (1) ruling that segregated public schools were
       unconstitutional
   (2) rejecting the legal basis of Jim Crow laws
   (3) approving racial segregation in public
       facilities
   (4) strengthening the protections of the 14th
       amendment

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 One reason the American Federation of Labor
   (AFL) was successful was that this organization
   (1) focused on the needs of skilled workers
   (2) rejected the use of strikes and boycotts
   (3) ended the use of blacklists by employers
   (4) called for government ownership of industry

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Which statement best expresses a common belief
   among nativists in the late 180os and early 190os?
   (1) “Give me your tired, your poor, your huddled
       masses.”
   (2) “The streets are paved with gold.”
   (3) “All immigrants strengthen America.”
   (4) “America is for Americans.”

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 In the 189os, the main goal of those who
   supported United States imperialism was to
   (1) bring self-government to areas under United
       States control
   (2) obtain overseas markets and naval bases
   (3) defend against attacks by enemy nations
   (4) spread democracy to Africa and Latin
       America

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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