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US History and Government - New York Regents January 2012 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 What is the best title for this map?
  (1) Eastward Migration                 (3) Territorial Expansion
  (2) Results of the Revolution          (4) Immigration Before the Civil War

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which geographic feature formed the western border of the United States in 1783?
  (1) Pacific Ocean                     (3) Great Lakes
  (2) Mississippi River                 (4) Rocky Mountains

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 The primary purpose of the Articles of
  Confederation was to
  (1) provide revenues for the national government
  (2) establish the basic framework of the national
      government
  (3) give the national government the power to
      regulate interstate commerce
  (4) guarantee a bill of rights to protect citizens
      from the national government

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established a
  model for later settlement by providing for the
  (1) legal expansion of slavery
  (2) creation of national parks
  (3) distribution of free land to war veterans
  (4) process for territories to become states

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 The writings of John Locke, Jean-Jacques
  Rousseau, and Baron de Montesquieu are
  significant in United States history because they
  (1) opposed the use of slave labor in the
      Americas
  (2) supported the absolute right of the king to
      impose taxes
  (3) encouraged the formation of political parties
      and political machines
  (4) influenced the authors of the Declaration of
      Independence and the Constitution

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 Which presidential action is an example of the
  use of the unwritten constitution?
  (1) holding a cabinet meeting at the White House
  (2) submitting a treaty to the Senate for
      ratification
  (3) nominating an ambassador to France
  (4) vetoing a bill passed by Congress

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which statement most accurately describes
  federalism?
  (1) The judicial branch of government has more
      power than the other two branches.
  (2) The president and vice president divide
      executive power.
  (3) Power is divided between the national
      government and the states.
  (4) Power is shared between the two houses of
      Congress.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 On the issue of creating a national bank,
  Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson and
  Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton
  differed on whether to
  (1) apply a strict or loose interpretation of the
      Constitution
  (2) establish a tariff to raise revenue
  (3) use deposits to finance a new navy
  (4) issue loans to farmers

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

    Base your answer to question 9 on the cartoon
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

9 Which statement regarding the United States
  Congress is best supported by the information in
  this cartoon?
  (1) Congress must meet at least once every year.
  (2) Members of the House of Representatives
      must be chosen every two years.
  (3) Each house of Congress must publish a
      journal of its proceedings.
  (4) Representation in the House of Representatives is based on state population.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 What is a principle of government that is stated in
   the Preamble to the United States Constitution?
   (1) Federal laws must be subject to state approval.
   (2) The power of government comes from the
       people.
   (3) The right to bear arms shall not be infringed.
   (4) All men and women are created equal.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 The outcome of the Whiskey Rebellion (1794)
   strengthened the authority of the
   (1) national government
   (2) state governors
   (3) territorial legislatures
   (4) local police

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 The War of 1812 has been called the “Second
   War for American Independence” primarily
   because the
   (1) British blocked United States access to the
       port of New Orleans
   (2) United States continued to resist taxes
       imposed by Great Britain
   (3) British government had never fully respected
       the United States as a free nation
   (4) United States and Great Britain had not signed
       a peace treaty after the Revolutionary War

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 The Erie Canal contributed to the development
   of the United States by
   (1) eliminating the need for railroads
   (2) linking the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Coast
   (3) becoming the major trade route to California
   (4) allowing southern planters to ship their
       cotton westward

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?
I. _______
   A. Suspension of habeas corpus
   B. Signing of Emancipation Proclamation
   C. Election of President Lincoln to
      second term
(1)   Wartime Propaganda Campaigns
(2)   Limits on Civil Liberties During Wartime
(3)   Decreased Rights of Minorities
(4)   Events During the Civil War

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15.

15 Jim Crow laws passed in the South during the late
   180os were designed to
   (1) support civil rights for African Americans
   (2) create a system of legal segregation
   (3) give free land to formerly enslaved persons
   (4) compensate landowners for damage done
       during the Civil War

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 In the late 19th and early 2oth centuries, a major
   goal of the American Federation of Labor (AFL)
   was to
   (1) end restrictions on child labor
   (2) admit women to the industrial workforce
   (3) improve wages and working conditions
   (4) join all workers into a single union

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 During the 189os, many American farmers tried
   to resolve their economic problems by
   (1) joining the Populist Party
   (2) staging violent protests against the
       government
   (3) supporting government aid to railroads
   (4) asking Congress to end agricultural subsidies

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 One way in which the Chinese Exclusion Act
   (1882) and the Gentlemen’s Agreement (1907)
   are similar is that they
   (1) reflected nativist attitudes in the United
       States
   (2) encouraged a policy of popular sovereignty
   (3) led to an increase in Asian immigration
   (4) eased requirements for citizenship

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Which headline related to the Spanish-American
   War is an example of yellow journalism?
   (1) “President McKinley Asks Congress for War
        Declaration Against Spain”
   (2) “United States Mobilizes for War with Spain”
   (3) “United States Demands Response to Spanish
        Actions”
   (4) “Spanish Troops Slaughter Innocent Cuban
        Citizens”

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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