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US History and Government - New York Regents June 2012 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Which geographic feature was used to establish the Proclamation Line of 1763?
  (1) Great Lakes                         (3) Appalachian Mountains
  (2) Rocky Mountains                     (4) Mississippi River

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 The writers of the Constitution corrected an
  economic weakness under the Articles of
  Confederation when they
  (1) granted Congress the power to levy and
      collect taxes
  (2) created an executive branch headed by the
      president
  (3) granted the president the authority to
      negotiate treaties
  (4) created a two-house legislature

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 Which document is most closely associated with
  John Locke’s social contract theory of government?
  (1) Albany Plan of Union
  (2) Declaration of Independence
  (3) Treaty of Paris (1783)
  (4) Sedition Act of 1798

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

    Base your answers to questions 4 and 5 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: As it stands now, the Constitution does
           not protect civil liberties.
Speaker B: The system of checks and balances will
           control any abuse of power by a branch
           of government.
Speaker C: The demands of the majority will
           overwhelm the minority.
Speaker D: The amendment process will allow the
           Constitution to be changed when the
           need arises.
 4 How was the concern of Speaker A resolved?
   (1) adoption of the elastic clause
   (2) establishment of the House of Representatives
   (3) creation of the federal court system
   (4) addition of the Bill of Rights

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Which two speakers support the ratification of
  the Constitution?
  (1) A and D            (3) B and D
  (2) A and C            (4) B and C

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 A strict interpretation versus a loose interpretation of the Constitution was most evident in
  the debate over the
  (1) creation of the Bank of the United States in
      1791
  (2) decision to declare war on Great Britain in
      1812
  (3) annexation of Florida in 1821
  (4) issuance of the Monroe Doctrine in 1823

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which headline illustrates the use of the
  unwritten constitution?
  (1) “Washington Establishes a Cabinet”
  (2) “House Votes to Impeach Andrew Johnson”
  (3) “Senate Rejects the Treaty of Versailles”
  (4) “President Nominates John Roberts for Supreme
       Court”

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Judicial review is most accurately described as
  the power of the
  (1) president to override a decision of the
      Supreme Court
  (2) state courts to overturn decisions of the
      Supreme Court
  (3) Senate to approve all presidential appointments to federal courts
  (4) Supreme Court to determine the
      constitutionality of laws

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 What was one result of the Supreme Court’s
  decision in Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)?
  (1) The power of the federal government over
      interstate commerce was strengthened.
  (2) The rights of accused individuals were
      expanded.
  (3) The power of the judicial branch was limited.
  (4) The Court declined to hear cases involving
      disputes between states.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 President Andrew Jackson used the spoils system to
   (1) attack the Tariff of Abominations
   (2) reward supporters with United States
       government jobs
   (3) win support for construction of the Erie Canal
   (4) gain passage of the Indian Removal Act

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 The majority of immigrants who arrived in the
   United States between 1800 and 1860 came from
   (1) East Asia
   (2) Latin America
   (3) northern and western Europe
   (4) southern and eastern Europe

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 Before the start of the Civil War, many Southern
   political leaders supported
   (1) States rights
   (2) higher tariff rates
   (3) voting rights for women
   (4) repeal of the Fugitive Slave Act

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

    Base your answer to question 13 on the quotation
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … With malice toward none; with charity for all;
   with firmness in the right, as God gives us to see
   the right, let us strive on to finish the work we are
   in; to bind up the nation’s wounds; to care for him
   who shall have borne the battle, and for his
   widow, and his orphan—to do all which may
   achieve and cherish a just, and a lasting peace,
   among ourselves, and with all nations.
                      — President Abraham Lincoln, 1865
13 This statement by President Lincoln contributed
   to disagreements over the
   (1) continuation of a military draft
   (2) provision of free land to settlers
   (3) negotiations with foreign nations after the
       Civil War
   (4) treatment of the former Confederate states
       and their leaders

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 After the Civil War, the sharecropping system
   emerged in the South primarily as a way to
   (1) diversify agricultural production
   (2) provide a labor supply to plantation owners
   (3) give forty acres of land to freedmen
   (4) guarantee economic equality for African
       Americans

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 In the 187os, the Granger movement was
   organized to promote the interests of
   (1) suffragists           (3) factory workers
   (2) farmers               (4) recent immigrants

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 Starting in the 187os, Jim Crow laws were
   enacted in Southern states as a means to
   (1) provide an education for formerly enslaved
       persons
   (2) protect the voting rights of formerly enslaved
       persons
   (3) enforce racial segregation
   (4) ensure equal protection under the law

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

     Base your answer to question 17 on the song
lyrics below and on your knowledge of social studies.
                  Kansas Fool
       We have the land to raise the wheat
       And everything that’s good to eat
       And when we had no bonds or debts
       We were a jolly, happy set.…
       With abundant crops raised everywhere,
       ’Tis a mystery, I do declare.
       Why farmers all should fume and fret
       And why we are so deep in debt.…
                                         — Traditional
17 What is the basic cause of the farm problem
   described by these song lyrics?
   (1) limits on agricultural imports
   (2) government ownership of the railroads
   (3) overproduction of farm crops
   (4) prolonged droughts in the Midwest

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 In the late 180os, the term robber baron was used
   to describe some owners of big businesses
   primarily because they
   (1) favored free trade
   (2) eliminated competition using ruthless methods
   (3) opposed the formation of corporations
   (4) provided workers with high wages

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 During the late 180os, which development led to
   the other three?
   (1) formation of labor unions
   (2) increased demand for natural resources
   (3) federal regulation of business trusts
   (4) growth of industry

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 Lincoln Steffens’s The Shame of the Cities and
   Ida Tarbell’s The History of the Standard Oil
   Company are examples of the use of
   (1) the Gospel of Wealth
   (2) the melting pot theory
   (3) Social Darwinism
   (4) muckraking

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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