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US History and Government - New York Regents January 2014 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 The development of a farming culture among preColumbian Native American Indians helped ensure
  (1) safety from neighboring tribes
  (2) the establishment of a nomadic lifestyle
  (3) the continuation of hunting and gathering
  (4) a more stable food supply

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 During the colonial period, the economic
  development of the South was most directly
  dependent on the labor of
  (1) factory workers       (3) Irish immigrants
  (2) wheat farmers         (4) enslaved Africans

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3.

3 The results of the French and Indian War
  (1754–1763) led to the independence movement
  in the thirteen colonies because the British
  (1) lost control of Canada and Florida
  (2) began imposing new taxes on the colonists
  (3) removed the Spanish threat to the colonists
  (4) opened the area west of the Appalachian
      Mountains to colonial settlers

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

    Base your answer to question 4 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all
   men are created equal, that they are endowed by
   their Creator with certain unalienable Rights,
   that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit
   of Happiness.—That to secure these rights,
   Governments are instituted among Men, deriving
   their just powers from the consent of the
   governed,—That whenever any Form of
   Government becomes destructive of these ends,
   it is the Right of the People to alter or to abolish it,
   and to institute new Government,…
                                      — Thomas Jefferson
 4 The purpose of this statement was to
   (1) urge support for the Albany Plan of Union
   (2) provide justification for declaring independence
   (3) criticize the Articles of Confederation
   (4) advocate obedience to Great Britain

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Which principle of government is found in both
  the Articles of Confederation and the Constitution
  of the United States?
  (1) The right to vote must be guaranteed to all
      Americans.
  (2) Supreme Court justices should be elected by
      the people.
  (3) Governing power should be divided between
      different levels of government.
  (4) States have the right to secede from the Union.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the
  Great Compromise and the Three-fifths
  Compromise both involved the issue of how
  (1) new states would be created
  (2) states would be represented in the national
      government
  (3) the armed forces would be controlled
  (4) presidential elections would be conducted

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7.

7 Many Antifederalists opposed ratification of the
  Constitution until they were guaranteed
  (1) better protection of individual liberties
  (2) increased presidential authority to wage war
  (3) stricter control over state spending
  (4) expanded police powers

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8.

8 What is the first step in adding an amendment to
  the United States Constitution?
  (1) approval by the president
  (2) review by the Supreme Court
  (3) vote by the people in a national referendum
  (4) passage by a two-thirds majority in both
      houses of Congress

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9.

9 One feature common to the foreign policies of
  Presidents George Washington, John Adams, and
  Thomas Jefferson was that each wanted to
  (1) favor France in its conflict with Great Britain
  (2) secure new territory west of the Mississippi
      River
  (3) maintain neutrality during European conflicts
  (4) seek military alliances with neighboring
      countries

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10.

10 Judicial review allows the Supreme Court to
   (1) determine the constitutionality of federal laws
   (2) approve nominations to the president’s cabinet
   (3) oversee the financing of the lower federal
       courts
   (4) remove elected officials from office

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11.

11 Which document was issued primarily to prevent
   European nations from future colonization in
   Latin America?
   (1) Jay Treaty (1795)
   (2) Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)
   (3) Embargo Act (1807)
   (4) Monroe Doctrine (1823)

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12.

12 A major reason for Commodore Matthew Perry’s
   1854 visit to Japan was to
   (1) prevent Japanese domination of the Pacific
       region
   (2) open United States trade relations with Japan
   (3) encourage immigration from Japan
   (4) establish a naval base in Japan

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13.

13 • Publication of The Liberator
   • Kansas-Nebraska Act
   • Dred Scott decision
   The events listed above all contributed to the
   (1) outbreak of the Civil War
   (2) formation of the policy of Manifest Destiny
   (3) passage of the Missouri Compromise
   (4) annexation of Texas

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

    Base your answers to questions 14 and 15 on the
quotation below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   … In your hands, my dissatisfied fellow
   countrymen, and not in mine, is the momentous
   issue of civil war. The government will not assail
   you. You can have no conflict without being
   yourselves the aggressors. You have no oath
   registered in Heaven to destroy the government,
   while I shall have the most solemn one to
   “preserve, protect, and defend it.” …
     — President Abraham Lincoln, First Inaugural Address,
                                            March 4, 1861
14 President Lincoln made this statement in an
   effort to
   (1) urge Congress to spend money to buy the
       freedom of slaves
   (2) convince Southerners that he posed no threat
       to their way of life
   (3) offer to compromise his position regarding
       territorial expansion of slavery
   (4) persuade Americans that war between the
       North and South was unavoidable

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 When President Lincoln made this speech, which
   step toward civil war had already taken place?
   (1) The Emancipation Proclamation had been
       issued.
   (2) Union troops had invaded several Southern
       states.
   (3) General Robert E. Lee had led an attack on
       Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.
   (4) Several Southern states had seceded from the
       Union.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

Base your answer to question 16 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
         All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction
      thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall
      make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the
      United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due
      process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
                                                — 14th amendment, Section 1, United States Constitution
      16 This amendment was adopted in 1868 primarily to
         (1) protect the rights of formerly enslaved persons
         (2) make it easier for immigrants to become citizens
         (3) extend suffrage to settlers on the Great Plains
         (4) require the federal government to pay the costs of Reconstruction

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

    Base your answer to question 17 on the poster
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

17 What happened as a result of offers like the one
   shown on this 1872 poster?
   (1) More Native American Indians on the Great
       Plains were forced onto reservations.
   (2) The government began to restrict the
       number of acres that people could buy.
   (3) The Great Plains states became the new
       center for manufacturing.
   (4) Missouri and Nebraska became new territories.

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18.

18 During the late 180os, the principles of Social
   Darwinism and laissez-faire economics were
   most closely associated with the interests of
   (1) farmers
   (2) coal miners
   (3) organizers of labor unions
   (4) owners of big businesses

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Congress passed the Interstate Commerce Act
   (1887) and the Sherman Antitrust Act (1890) in
   response to
   (1) foreign influences on the United States
       economy
   (2) public demand for better roads
   (3) monopolistic practices that were harmful to
       small businesses
   (4) the failure of federal banks to provide loans to
       individuals

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 In the 189os, calls for limiting immigration were
   largely the result of
   (1) nativist reactions toward southern and eastern
       Europeans
   (2) a desire to achieve cultural pluralism
   (3) the influence of industrialists
   (4) the adoption of a constitutional amendment

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