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US History and Government - New York Regents June 2014 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the time line below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Which conclusion is best supported by the information on the time line?
  (1) Britain eventually granted the colonies representation in Parliament.
  (2) Only elected British officials had the right to levy taxes.
  (3) Britain’s efforts to increase control over the colonies were not successful.
  (4) Creation of the First Continental Congress was an immediate reaction to the
      passage of the Stamp Act.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which of these events would be placed on the time line before 1763?
  (1) Boston Massacre                    (3) Battle of Saratoga
  (2) French and Indian War              (4) passage of Northwest Ordinance

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 From the 160os through the 180os, the major
  reason for the westward movement of settlers was
  to
  (1) escape urban unrest in coastal cities
  (2) avoid high taxes in the East
  (3) find manufacturing jobs in the Midwest
  (4) acquire new areas of fertile soil for
      agriculture

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Colonial-era New England town meetings and
  the Virginia House of Burgesses were both
  (1) early social reform movements
  (2) attempts to build a strong national government
  (3) steps in the growth of representative democracy
  (4) efforts to regulate trade with Native American
      Indians

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 The years between the end of the American
  Revolution and the ratification of the
  Constitution are sometimes called the “critical
  period” because
  (1) the western territories were left ungoverned
  (2) the United States fought a war with France
  (3) Spain refused to sell Florida to the United
      States
  (4) the central government failed to solve many
      economic problems

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

    Base your answers to questions 6 and 7 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: Our national government should be
           strong. State governments should have
           only limited powers.
Speaker B: A bicameral legislature would protect
           the power of both the large states and
           the small states.
Speaker C: The expansion of the national
           government will lead to tyranny.
Speaker D: The executive branch should have
           significant power.
 6 Which speaker is expressing an idea that was
   included in the Great Compromise during the
   drafting of the Constitution in 1787?
   (1) A                      (3) C
   (2) B                      (4) D

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 During the debate over ratification of the
  Constitution, people who agreed with the
  statements of Speakers A and D became known
  as
  (1) Loyalists
  (2) Federalists
  (3) Antifederalists
  (4) Democratic Republicans

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Which protection guaranteed by the first
  amendment to the United States Constitution
  was influenced by the trial of John Peter Zenger
  (1735)?
  (1) freedom of the press (3) right to assemble
  (2) freedom of religion (4) right to petition

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 The term judicial review is best defined as the
  (1) right of a defendant to appeal the verdict of a
      jury
  (2) ability of Congress to create new federal
      courts
  (3) authority of the Senate to confirm Supreme
      Court justices
  (4) power of the Supreme Court to determine
      the constitutionality of laws

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 According to the United States Constitution, the
   federal census is used to determine the
   (1) size of the United States Supreme Court
   (2) maximum number of cabinet members
   (3) apportionment of members in the House of
       Representatives
   (4) number of senators allotted to each state

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 During George Washington’s presidency, the
   authority of the federal government was
   strengthened by the
   (1) elimination of political parties
   (2) suppression of the Whiskey Rebellion
   (3) formation of a military alliance with England
   (4) establishment of a national language

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 Under the leadership of Chief Justice John
   Marshall (1801–1835), the Supreme Court
   expanded the influence of the national
   government by
   (1) forcing states to grant relief from personal
       debt
   (2) authorizing the president to use troops
       without congressional approval
   (3) ending the importation of enslaved Africans
   (4) strengthening federal powers over interstate
       commerce and banking

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

Base your answer to question 13 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

13 The map shows the exploration routes of Lewis and Clark and of Zebulon Pike. A valid
   conclusion based on this map is that these expeditions
   (1) faced few barriers from natural features
   (2) avoided land claimed by other countries
   (3) used river systems to help them on their journeys
   (4) took the most direct routes to reach the Pacific Ocean

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Between 1800 and 1830, the National Road and
   the Erie Canal were built to connect which
   regions?
   (1) Atlantic Coast and Midwest
   (2) South and New England
   (3) Pacific Coast and Gulf Coast
   (4) Great Plains and Rocky Mountains

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 During the 184os, supporters of Manifest
   Destiny favored
   (1) closing the frontier to settlement
   (2) ending the American System
   (3) acquiring Texas and California
   (4) ceding the Oregon territory to Russia

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 Which constitutional principle was the main
   focus of the North–South conflicts that led to the
   Civil War?
   (1) States rights
   (2) due process of law
   (3) separation of powers
   (4) presidential veto power

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 Slavery throughout the United States was
   permanently abolished by the
   (1) ratification of the Constitution of the United
       States
   (2) approval of the Republican Party platform of
       1860
   (3) issuance of the Emancipation Proclamation
   (4) adoption of the 13th amendment to the
       Constitution

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 “Since the Southern states never legally left the
   Union, they should be restored to the Union as
   soon as possible.”
   The position expressed in this statement is most
   closely associated with the beliefs of
   (1) Robert E. Lee          (3) Jefferson Davis
   (2) Thaddeus Stevens       (4) Abraham Lincoln

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

    Base your answer to question 19 on the poem
excerpt below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   “Keep ancient lands, your storied pomp!” cries she
   With silent lips. “Give me your tired, your poor,
   Your huddled masses yearning to breathe free,
   The wretched refuse of your teeming shore.
   Send these, the homeless, tempest-tost to me,
   I lift my lamp beside the golden door!”
             — Emma Lazarus, “The New Colossus,” 1883
19 Which attitude about immigration is reflected in
   this poem, which is inscribed on the Statue of
   Liberty?
   (1) People from all nations should be welcomed.
   (2) Educated professionals should be given
       preference.
   (3) Quotas should be adopted to limit certain
       ethnic groups.
   (4) The influx of unskilled people should be
       restricted.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 A major result of the Spanish-American War
   (1898) was that the United States
   (1) adopted a policy of isolationism
   (2) assumed a more prominent role in world
       affairs
   (3) gave up control of territories outside the
       Western Hemisphere
   (4) increased foreign aid to European allies

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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