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US History and Government - New York Regents August 2014 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 During the colonial period, which geographic
  feature presented the greatest barrier to the
  westward migration of American settlers?
  (1) Appalachian Mountains
  (2) Ohio River
  (3) Great Plains
  (4) Rocky Mountains

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which action by the British government was
  considered by American colonists to be a violation
  of their rights as Englishmen?
  (1) making treaties with Native American Indians
  (2) protecting the colonies from foreign invasion
  (3) failing to enforce the Navigation Acts
  (4) taxing the colonies without representation in
      Parliament

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 Which political feature of the United States
  developed during the colonial period?
  (1) two-party system
  (2) federalism
  (3) representative government
  (4) universal suffrage

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 In his pamphlet Common Sense, Thomas Paine
  urged American colonists to
  (1) establish their own nation
  (2) pay their colonial taxes
  (3) obey the laws of Parliament
  (4) form an alliance with France

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 What was the main reason the Federalists wanted
  to replace the Articles of Confederation?
  (1) The president did not have the power to veto
      legislation.
  (2) The legislative branch enacted an unfair tax
      program.
  (3) The Supreme Court refused to pay
      Revolutionary War debts.
  (4) The national government was too weak to
      solve the nation’s problems.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 Antifederalists opposed ratification of the United
  States Constitution until they were assured that
  (1) a bill of rights would be added to the original
      document
  (2) their supporters would receive a fair share of
      federal government jobs
  (3) the president would be given increased powers
  (4) senators would be elected directly by the
      people

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 What is the most democratic feature of the original
  Constitution of the United States?
  (1) role given to the electoral college in presidential
      elections
  (2) appointment of ambassadors by the president
  (3) direct election of the members of the House
      of Representatives
  (4) lifetime appointments for Supreme Court
      justices

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 One immediate result of Alexander Hamilton’s
  financial plan was the
  (1) removal of the tax on exports
  (2) creation of a national bank
  (3) adoption of free trade
  (4) establishment of an income tax

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 The Supreme Court case of Marbury v. Madison
  (1803) strengthened the power of the judicial
  branch by
  (1) denying states the right to secede from the
      Union
  (2) providing the president the power to declare
      war
  (3) ruling that Congress has the right to create
      new territories
  (4) granting federal courts the power to declare
      laws unconstitutional

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 Which action of President Thomas Jefferson was
   in conflict with his belief in a strict interpretation
   of the Constitution?
   (1) protesting the impressment of United States
       sailors
   (2) purchasing the Louisiana Territory from
       France
   (3) pardoning violators of the Alien and Sedition
       Acts
   (4) using the United States Navy to subdue the
       Barbary pirates

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 The decisions of the Supreme Court in McCulloch
   v. Maryland (1819) and Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)
   are important because they
   (1) clarified constitutional limits on the right to
       bear arms
   (2) denied slaves the right to sue in federal courts
   (3) increased the power of the federal government
       over the states
   (4) upheld funding for the Erie Canal

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

    Base your answer to question 12 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …I have no motive, my friends, to deceive you.
   I am sincerely desirous to promote your welfare.
   Listen to me, therefore, while I tell you that
   you cannot remain where you now are.
   Circumstances that cannot be controlled, and
   which are beyond the reach of human laws,
   render it impossible that you can flourish in the
   midst of a civilized community. You have but one
   remedy within your reach. And that is, to remove
   to the West and join your countrymen, who are
   already established there. And the sooner you do
   this the sooner you will commence your career of
   improvement and prosperity….
                     — President Andrew Jackson, 1835
12 Which group of people was President Jackson
   addressing?
   (1) African Americans
   (2) Asian Americans
   (3) Mexican Americans
   (4) Native American Indians

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

    Base your answer to question 13 on the graphic
organizer below and on your knowledge of social
studies.

13 Which title best completes this graphic organizer?
   (1) Equal Protection Under the Law
   (2) Freedom of Assembly
   (3) States Rights
   (4) Protection of Religious Practice

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

    Base your answer to question 14 on the painting
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

14 What is the subject of this 1872 painting?
   (1) invention of the railroad
   (2) evolution of westward migration
   (3) religious influence of the Puritans
   (4) protection of national parks

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 After 1877, racial segregation became widespread
   in the South primarily as a result of the
   (1) decline of the Ku Klux Klan
   (2) activities of the Freedmen’s Bureau
   (3) stationing of federal troops in the South
   (4) passage of Jim Crow laws

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 Which statement best describes an attitude shared
   by John D. Rockefeller, Andrew Carnegie, and
   J. P. Morgan?
   (1) Economic competition is inefficient and
        wasteful.
   (2) Strong labor unions are essential to the health
        of the economy.
   (3) Natural resources belong to all citizens and
        should not be used for private gain.
   (4) Concentrating economic power in the hands
        of a few individuals is a threat to the country.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 The Granger movement and the formation of the
   Populist Party were similar in that each was an
   effort to
   (1) end the practice of sharecropping
   (2) improve conditions for farmers
   (3) provide housing for urban dwellers
   (4) increase profits for railroad companies

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 During the late 180os, an open immigration policy
   was most strongly supported by
   (1) abolitionists          (3) conservationists
   (2) yellow journalists     (4) industrialists

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?

(1)   Principles of the Fourteen Points
(2)   Reasons for United States Imperialism
(3)   Causes of World War I
(4)   Adoption of Isolationist Ideals

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 The United States established the Open Door
   policy toward China as a way to
   (1) promote democracy in Asia
   (2) secure military bases in East Asia
   (3) protect United States economic interests
   (4) end the Boxer Rebellion

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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