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US History and Government - New York Regents January 2015 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

    Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the
graph below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Information on the graph most clearly supports
  the conclusion that the Erie Canal
  (1) slowed migration to the Midwest
  (2) replaced railroads as the main method of
      transportation
  (3) improved transportation between the
      Hudson River and the Great Lakes
  (4) relied on the development of steamboats for
      canal use

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2.

2 One major result of the completion of the Erie
  Canal was that
  (1) the population of Rochester fell
  (2) shipping on Lake Champlain decreased
  (3) manufacturing along the canal declined
  (4) New York City became the nation’s
      commercial center

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3.

3 Which factor most influenced the economic
  development of the colonial South?
  (1) plentiful forests
  (2) warm and wet growing seasons
  (3) rich deposits of iron ore and coal
  (4) abundant water power for manufacturing

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4.

    Base your answer to question 4 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …The Jury withdrew, and in a small time
   returned, and being asked by the clerk, whether
   they were agreed of their verdict, and whether
   John Peter Zenger was guilty of printing and
   publishing the libels in the information
   mentioned? They answered by Thomas Hunt,
   their foreman, Not Guilty. Upon which there
   were three huzzas [cheers] in the hall which was
   crowded with people, and the next day I was
   discharged from my imprisonment.
                            — John Peter Zenger, 1734
 4 The court case discussed in this passage was
   important in the development of colonial
   America because it helped establish the principle
   of
   (1) freedom of the press
   (2) double jeopardy
   (3) freedom of assembly
   (4) judicial independence

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5.

5 The social contract theory as used in the
  Declaration of Independence was most directly
  influenced by the writings of
  (1) John Locke
  (2) Adam Smith
  (3) Voltaire
  (4) Benjamin Franklin

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6.

6 Under the Articles of Confederation, the years
  between 1781 and 1787 are often referred to as
  the “critical period” because the
  (1) colonies were forced to pay high reparations
      to England
  (2) states were fighting the French and Indian
      War
  (3) southern states threatened to secede from the
      Union over the issue of slavery
  (4) central government lacked the power to deal
      with major problems

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7.

7 Which power regarding the federal judiciary was
  established in Marbury v. Madison?
  (1) The president appoints all federal judges.
  (2) The Congress creates lower federal courts.
  (3) Members of the federal courts serve life
      terms.
  (4) Federal laws may be declared unconstitutional.

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8.

8 Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton
  supported the creation of the Bank of the United
  States because it would
  (1) increase the power of state banks
  (2) raise revenue to reduce the need for tariffs
  (3) help ensure the economic stability of the new
      nation
  (4) provide low-cost loans to farmers

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9.

9 President George Washington’s leadership during
  the Whiskey Rebellion (1794) was important
  because it
  (1) showed the ability of the new government to
      enforce federal law
  (2) helped assure his reelection to a third term
  (3) forced frontier farmers to limit grain
      production
  (4) halted British fort construction in the
      Northwest

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10.

10 What is a major result of the Supreme Court
   decisions in McCulloch v. Maryland (1819) and
   Gibbons v. Ogden (1824)?
   (1) Abuses of power by the president were
       prevented.
   (2) The powers of the federal government were
       expanded.
   (3) The powers of Congress over the territories
       were reduced.
   (4) Freedoms guaranteed in the Bill of Rights
       were restricted.

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11.

    Base your answer to question 11 on the time line
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1803 — Louisiana Purchase Treaty established western
       boundary of United States.
1818 — Convention with Britain established northern
       boundary of Louisiana Territory.
1819 — Adams-Onís Treaty granted Florida to United
       States.
1842 — Webster-Ashburton Treaty established MaineCanada border.
1846 — Treaty of Oregon established northern boundary
       of Oregon Territory.
11 The time line shows that the major way the
   United States gained territory in the early 19th
   century was through
   (1) war                   (3) executive orders
   (2) diplomacy             (4) arbitration

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12.

12 In the 183os, President Andrew Jackson
   supported the Indian removal policy because
   (1) white settlers desired the land on which
       Native American Indians lived
   (2) Native American Indians were attacking
       southern cities
   (3) he wanted to punish Native American Indians
       for their political opposition
   (4) he sought complete control of Texas by the
       United States

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13.

Base your answer to question 13 on the painting below and on your knowledge of social studies.

13 Which point of view is being conveyed by the artist?
   (1) praise for Manifest Destiny
   (2) opposition to the end of slavery
   (3) opposition to the purchase of Alaska
   (4) encouragement of industrial development

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14.

    Base your answers to questions 14 and 15 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: The right way to settle the question of
           slavery in the territories is to let the
           people who live there determine if their
           state is to be slave or free.
Speaker B: The Supreme Court’s decision in Dred
           Scott v. Sanford is exactly what this
           country needs. Perhaps now the
           abolitionists will stop their meddling.
Speaker C: Secession is unlawful and treasonous.
           Everything possible must be done to
           preserve the Union.
Speaker D: The rights of the states must be
           protected. The federal government is
           exceeding its authority.
14 The solution proposed by Speaker A is known as
   (1) nullification        (3) the spoils system
   (2) popular sovereignty (4) federal supremacy

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15.

15 Which speaker most accurately represents the
   opinions of President Abraham Lincoln?
   (1) A                     (3) C
   (2) B                     (4) D

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16.

16 Black Codes were established in the South
   immediately after the Civil War in an effort to
   (1) integrate freedmen into American society
   (2) enforce the Emancipation Proclamation
   (3) expand educational opportunities
   (4) limit the rights of newly freed African
       Americans

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17.

    Base your answers to questions 17 and 18 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: The government should not interfere
           with business. The market will regulate
           itself over time. Successful businesses
           will remain, while inefficient ones will
           be eliminated.
Speaker B: The inequalities resulting from
           unregulated capitalism are too vast. The
           individual worker and consumer are at
           the mercy of business owners. The
           government must do something to
           protect the people.
Speaker C: Government should own and manage
           the principal manufacturing, transportation, and banking industries.
Speaker D: The workers should control the
           industries in which they work. Profits
           should be shared equally among them.
17 Which action by the federal government was a
   step toward the approach to business favored by
   Speaker B?
   (1) passage of the Transcontinental Railway Act
   (2) passage of the Sherman Antitrust Act
   (3) creation of the civil service system
   (4) decision by the Supreme Court in United
       States v. E. C. Knight Co.

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18.

18 Which speaker is expressing a viewpoint that is
   most consistent with the principles of laissez-faire
   economics?
   (1) A                      (3) C
   (2) B                      (4) D

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19.

Base your answer to question 19 on the photographs below and on your knowledge of social studies.

19 This pair of photographs suggests that the major purpose of the Carlisle
   Indian School was to
   (1) train future leaders in tribal traditions
   (2) prepare children for life on the reservation
   (3) teach skills needed for working in factories
   (4) promote cultural assimilation

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20.

20 A major cause of antagonism toward the “new
   immigrants” who came to the United States after
   1880 was the belief that they
   (1) were better educated than native-born
       Americans
   (2) had a higher standard of living than most
       Americans
   (3) adapted easily to American culture
   (4) competed with Americans for jobs as
       unskilled laborers

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