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US History and Government - New York Regents June 2015 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
Base your answer to question 1 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1 Which statement most accurately expresses the main idea of the cartoon?
  (1) Water pollution threatens public health.
  (2) Farmers fail to understand the water needs of cities.
  (3) Urban development has used all the water needed for farming.
  (4) Conflict is growing over the distribution of scarce water resources.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which title best completes the partial outline
  below?
(1) Developments in Colonial Self-Government
(2) Colonial Efforts to Abandon British Rule
(3) Attempts by Colonial Leaders to Form a
    National Government
(4) Colonial Organizations Established by the
    British Parliament

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3.

3 One way that the British government carried out
  the policy of mercantilism was by
  (1) promoting free trade between its colonies
      and Europe
  (2) prohibiting the transatlantic trade in enslaved
      Africans
  (3) encouraging the development of colonial
      manufacturing and trade
  (4) requiring that most colonial trade occur within
      the British Empire

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4.

 4 Thomas Jefferson incorporated John Locke’s idea
   of the social contract theory in the Declaration of
   Independence because this idea
   (1) justified the overthrow of a government that
       denied individual liberties
   (2) considered economic rights more important
       than inalienable rights
   (3) supported the divine right of kings
   (4) called for a gradual change of government
    Base your answer to question 5 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …As to government matters, it is not in the power
   of Britain to do this continent justice: the business
   of it will soon be too weighty and intricate to be
   managed with any tolerable degree of convenience,
   by a power so distant from us, and so very ignorant
   of us; for if they cannot conquer us, they cannot
   govern us. To be always running three or four
   thousand miles with a tale or a petition, waiting
   four or five months for an answer, which, when
   obtained, requires five or six more to explain it in,
   will in a few years be looked upon as folly and
   childishness. There was a time when it was proper,
   and there is a proper time for it to cease.…
                  — Thomas Paine, Common Sense, 1776

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5.

5 What is the main argument Thomas Paine makes
  concerning the relationship between Great
  Britain and its American colonies?
  (1) Britain wants to make America a part of the
      European continental system.
  (2) America is too distant for Great Britain to
      govern effectively.
  (3) America lacks representation in Parliament.
  (4) American colonial leaders believe British
      officials want to use them to fight European
      wars.

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6.

6 At the Constitutional Convention of 1787, the
  Great Compromise between the large states and
  the small states resulted in
  (1) the creation of a bicameral legislature
  (2) a provision for equal protection of the laws
  (3) a permanent solution to the slavery issue
  (4) the guarantee of voting rights for all male
      property owners

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7.

7 The framework of government described in the
  Constitution of the United States (1787) most
  clearly shows the dissatisfaction of the founders
  with the
  (1) Albany Plan of Union
  (2) Northwest Ordinance
  (3) Articles of Confederation
  (4) Treaty of Paris

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8.

8 The term federalism is best defined as
  (1) the process of amending a constitution
  (2) the power of the courts to determine the
      constitutionality of laws
  (3) a republican form of government with no
      hereditary ruler
  (4) the division of power between the states and
      the national government

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9.

9 Which action is an example of the use of checks
  and balances?
  (1) impeachment of President Bill Clinton
  (2) choosing a vice presidential running mate by
      a presidential candidate
  (3) election of the Speaker of the House by the
      majority party
  (4) starting negotiations for a treaty by President
      George Washington

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10.

10 The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (1798)
   held that states could nullify the Alien and
   Sedition Acts because these laws
   (1) repealed the Northwest Ordinance
   (2) placed an unfair tax on whiskey made by
       western farmers
   (3) violated the Constitution
   (4) established limits on universal suffrage

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11.

11 The Supreme Court decision in Marbury v.
   Madison (1803) increased the power of the federal
   courts by
   (1) increasing the number of judges
   (2) enabling the president to overturn lower-court
       decisions
   (3) establishing federal supremacy over state
       governments
   (4) establishing the principle of judicial review

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12.

Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
12 Based on the map, the Erie Canal and Hudson River contributed directly to the
   (1) decisions to restrict immigration
   (2) rapid increase in population in upstate New York
   (3) settlement of New England
   (4) acquisition of land from Canada

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13.

13 Completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 encouraged the growth of the Midwest because it
   (1) linked the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Coast
   (2) helped force the removal of British forts in the Northwest Territory
   (3) stimulated development of cotton production in the Ohio River valley
   (4) increased trade with Asia

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 A major reason for President Thomas Jefferson’s
   purchase of the Louisiana Territory was to
   (1) eliminate Spanish control of California
   (2) take possession of all of Florida
   (3) give the United States control of the
       Mississippi River
   (4) provide access to areas east of the Appalachian
       Mountains

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15.

15 What was one important geographic reason the
   United States was able to maintain a foreign
   policy of neutrality throughout most of the 19th
   century?
   (1) The Atlantic Ocean provided a buffer from
       European interference.
   (2) Extensive mountain ranges along the Pacific
       coastline prevented invasions.
   (3) Scarce natural resources discouraged inter-
       national trade.
   (4) European immigrants had rapid communi-
       cation with their homelands.

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16.

16 President Andrew Jackson used the spoils system to
   (1) stop the westward expansion of slavery
   (2) strengthen the military for national defense
   (3) reward loyal political supporters
   (4) destroy the Bank of the United States

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17.

17 After the Civil War, which development limited
   economic opportunities for African Americans in
   the South?
   (1) creation of military districts
   (2) establishment of the Freedmen’s Bureau
   (3) use of the sharecropping system
   (4) ratification of the 14th amendment

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18.

18 During the 1870s, the Granger movement
   attracted the support of many western farmers
   because it proposed that
   (1) the money supply should be deflated by
       removing paper currency from circulation
   (2) shipping rates and grain storage fees charged
       by railroads should be regulated
   (3) immigrants should be given land on the Great
       Plains
   (4) the government should control the develop-
       ment of resources in the West

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19.

19 Literacy tests, grandfather clauses, and poll taxes
   were enacted by Southern States to
   (1) limit the movement of African Americans
   (2) restrict the voting rights of African Americans
   (3) improve the social status of African Americans
   (4) expand educational opportunities for African
       Americans

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20.

20 What was the primary goal of the Dawes Act of
   1887 regarding Native American Indians?
   (1) assimilating Native American Indians into
       mainstream American life
   (2) increasing the size of Native American Indian
       reservations
   (3) promoting Native American Indian languages
       and cultures
   (4) strengthening Native American Indian tribal
       governments

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