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US History and Government - New York Regents August 2015 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
   Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1   Information such as that shown on the map is important to state governments because
    it is used to
    (1) establish immigration quotas
    (2) set Social Security taxation rates
    (3) identify the best location for new military bases
    (4) determine the number of seats each state will have in the House of Representatives

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

 2 River systems were important to the
   development of the United States because they
   (1) allowed Americans to travel easily between
       the east coast and the west coast
   (2) prevented foreign invasion of United States
       territory
   (3) provided routes for shipping agricultural and
       manufacturing products
   (4) made the southeast the major destination for
       immigrants
    Base your answer to question 3 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …that to secure these rights, governments are
   instituted among men, deriving their just powers
   from the consent of the governed, —that
   whenever any form of government becomes
   destructive of these ends, it is the right of the
   people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute
   new government, …
                    — Declaration of Independence, 1776

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 This passage demonstrates that Thomas Jefferson
  was directly influenced by the
  (1) ideas of John Locke
  (2) goals of the Albany Plan of Union
  (3) belief in the divine right of kings
  (4) traditional separation of church and state

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 At the Constitutional Convention of 1787,
  supporters of the Virginia plan and supporters of
  the New Jersey plan differed over the method for
  (1) determining congressional representation
  (2) selecting the president’s cabinet
  (3) adopting the amendment process
  (4) giving powers to the executive branch

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Which provision of the original Constitution
  allows Congress to enact legislation that adapts to
  changing circumstances?
  (1) due process
  (2) elastic clause
  (3) electoral college
  (4) Three-fifths Compromise

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

    Base your answer to question 6 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   Article 6. There shall be neither slavery nor
   involuntary servitude in the said territory,
   otherwise than in the punishment of crimes
   whereof the party shall have been duly convicted:
   Provided, always, that any person escaping into
   the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully
   claimed in any one of the original states, such
   fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed
   to the person claiming his or her labor or service
   as aforesaid. …
                          — Northwest Ordinance, 1787
 6 In which Supreme Court case did this provision
   of the Northwest Ordinance play an important
   part?
   (1) McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
   (2) Worcester v. Georgia (1832)
   (3) Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
   (4) Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 The Federalist Papers, written by Alexander
  Hamilton, John Jay, and James Madison, were
  intended to
  (1) promote independence from Great Britain
  (2) persuade voters to keep the Articles of
      Confederation
  (3) win support for ratification of the Constitution
  (4) endorse candidates running for Congress

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Which provision of the Bill of Rights was
  influenced by the trial of John Peter Zenger?
  (1) right to bear arms
  (2) right to an attorney
  (3) freedom of religion
  (4) freedom of the press

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 The Preamble of the Constitution demonstrates
  that the writers believed that sovereignty belongs
  to the
  (1) federal government (3) president
  (2) state governments       (4) people

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 “Senate Rejects Supreme Court Nominee”
   “Supreme Court Declares National Recovery Act
   (NRA) Unconstitutional”
   “Congress Overrides Truman Veto of Taft-Hartley
   Act”
   Each of these headlines illustrates the use of
   (1) reserved powers        (3) executive privilege
   (2) checks and balances (4) federal supremacy

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 During the presidency of George Washington,
   disagreements between Alexander Hamilton and
   Thomas Jefferson over the interpretation of the
   Constitution contributed to the
   (1) impeachment of federal judges
   (2) defeat of the Whiskey Rebellion
   (3) formation of political parties
   (4) elimination of the commerce clause

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 One reason President George Washington called
   for a policy of neutrality in the 1790s was to
   (1) improve his popularity among Federalist
       voters
   (2) avoid United States participation in
       European wars
   (3) gain support for the development of a United
       States navy
   (4) enforce the Treaty of Alliance with France

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 Which geographical consideration had the
   greatest influence on President Thomas
   Jefferson’s decision to purchase the Louisiana
   Territory in 1803?
   (1) Large gold reserves were located in the
       territory.
   (2) The size of the territory would create a
       barrier to French influence.
   (3) The Rocky Mountain region was an outlet for
       future population growth.
   (4) Full control of the port of New Orleans on
       the Mississippi River would be established.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 The Supreme Court decision in Marbury v.
   Madison (1803) strengthened the constitutional
   principle of separation of powers by
   (1) defining the Court’s role in impeachment
       trials
   (2) clarifying the president’s authority to veto
       bills passed by Congress
   (3) denying states the right to sue the federal
       government
   (4) establishing the Court’s right to review the
       constitutionality of federal laws

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 One result of the War of 1812 was that the United
   States
   (1) acquired French-held territory in southern
       Canada
   (2) maintained its independence and its territory
   (3) lost control of the Ohio River valley
   (4) gained territory from Mexico

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?
(1)   Rise of Sectionalism
(2)   Impact of Industrialization
(3)   Examples of Religious Revivalism
(4)   Events Leading to the Mexican War

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 The Homestead Act and grants of land to
   railroads were used to
   (1) raise money to finance the federal government
   (2) limit the influence of monopolies and trusts
   (3) support the development of state universities
   (4) encourage settlement of the West

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 What was one effect of the Industrial Revolution
   on United States agriculture in the late 1800s?
   (1) a decrease in the size of farms
   (2) a decrease in tenant farming and sharecropping
   (3) an increase in agricultural imports
   (4) an increase in productivity

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 As the Civil War ended, which action was
   supported by President Abraham Lincoln and the
   Radical Republicans?
   (1) abolishing the institution of slavery by a
       constitutional amendment
   (2) passing Black Codes to guarantee equality for
       formerly enslaved persons
   (3) putting Confederate leaders on trial for war
       crimes
   (4) ending the military occupation of the South
       immediately

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 In the late 1800s, which concept was used to
   justify the accumulation of great wealth and
   economic power?
   (1) Manifest Destiny
   (2) self-determination
   (3) Social Darwinism
   (4) conspicuous consumption

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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