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US History and Government - New York Regents January 2016 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
1 Which geographic feature did the British
  government use in 1763 as a boundary to restrict
  the westward settlement of American colonists?
  (1) St. Lawrence River
  (2) Rocky Mountains
  (3) Appalachian Mountains
  (4) Mississippi River

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which heading best completes the partial outline
  below?
(1) British System of National Government in
    North America
(2) Colonial Responses to the Practice of Salutary
    Neglect
(3) British Attempts to Control Colonial Govern-
    ments
(4) Colonial Efforts at Self-Government

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 During the colonial era, the British promoted the
  policy of mercantilism to
  (1) control the commerce of their American
      colonies
  (2) promote colonial trade with France and Spain
  (3) ban all trade between the British colonies in
      North America
  (4) restrict the importation of enslaved Africans

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

    Base your answers to questions 4 and 5 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all
   men are created equal, that they are endowed by
   their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that
   among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of
   happiness. That to secure these rights, governments
   are instituted among men, deriving their just
   powers from the consent of the governed,…
 4 Which document includes this passage?
   (1) Mayflower Compact
   (2) Declaration of Independence
   (3) Northwest Ordinance
   (4) Monroe Doctrine

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 This passage suggests that the authority of
  government
  (1) originates from the divine right of kings
  (2) is based on a social contract meant to
      guarantee individual rights
  (3) includes the power to seize private property
      for national defense
  (4) is the source of all the natural rights of citizens

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 Which issue did the Virginia Plan, the New Jersey
  Plan, and the Great Compromise address at
  the Constitutional Convention (1787)?
  (1) the power to regulate interstate commerce
  (2) the number of justices on the Supreme Court
  (3) a system for electing the president
  (4) a method of determining state representation
      in Congress

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which headline is reporting the clearest example
  of the United States Constitution’s system of checks
  and balances?
  (1) “Environmental Protection Agency Proposes
       Stricter Air Pollution Controls”
  (2) “Supreme Court Rules on Arizona Immigration
       Law”
  (3) “President Vetoes Defense Spending Bill”
  (4) “California Passes Strict Gun Control Law”

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 The Three-fifths Compromise adopted in the
  Constitution in 1787 had the effect of
  (1) increasing the representation of southern states
      in Congress
  (2) providing a method for ratifying amendments
  (3) making possible the impeachment of the
      president
  (4) allowing the use of the elastic clause in the
      legislative process

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 What was the major argument of those who
  opposed ratification of the United States
  Constitution?
  (1) The states should not be forced to pay taxes to
      the federal government.
  (2) The new constitution did not adequately
      protect individual liberties against abuse by
      the federal government.
  (3) The judicial branch was granted more power
      than the legislative and executive branches.
  (4) The federal government did not have enough
      power to defend the nation against foreign
      enemies.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 Which foreign policy toward Europe did
   President George Washington recommend in his
   Farewell Address?
   (1) military alliances  (3) imperialism
   (2) internationalism    (4) neutrality

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 What was a primary goal of President Thomas
   Jefferson’s 1803 decision to purchase the Louisiana
   Territory?
   (1) studying Native American Indian societies
   (2) mining gold and silver in California
   (3) gaining control of the port of New Orleans
   (4) securing access to the iron ore deposits near
       the Great Lakes

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 The case of Marbury v. Madison (1803)
   established the principle that
   (1) the Supreme Court can declare federal laws
       unconstitutional
   (2) the states have power over the federal
       government
   (3) the president nominates federal judges
   (4) Congress can override presidential vetoes

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?
(1)   Reasons for the American System
(2)   Successes of Third Political Parties
(3)   Causes of Sectionalism
(4)   Justifications for Economic Reform

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

Base your answer to question 14 on the poster below and on your knowledge of social studies.
14 This 1863 poster is recruiting African Americans to help
   (1) defeat the Confederacy in the Civil War
   (2) assist in the efforts of the Underground Railroad
   (3) settle land in the South and in border states
   (4) enforce the terms of the Fugitive Slave Act

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 After the Civil War, many owners of large
   plantations in the South responded to the loss of
   enslaved labor by
   (1) hiring Irish immigrants to do the work of
       freedmen
   (2) selling their plantations to formerly enslaved
       persons
   (3) creating tenant farms and sharecropping
   (4) paying wages to farmworkers who had
       migrated from the North

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

16 The federal government responded to the
   railroad strikes of 1877 and the Pullman strike of
   1894 by
   (1) using military force against the workers
   (2) requiring negotiation to resolve the disputes
   (3) maintaining a neutral position between labor
        and management
   (4) providing economic aid to striking workers

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

Base your answer to question 17 on the graph below and on your knowledge of social studies.
17 What was the primary cause of the trends shown on the graph?
   (1) closing of the western frontier
   (2) industrialization in the North and the Midwest
   (3) passage of the Homestead Act
   (4) completion of the transcontinental railroad

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 Few restrictions were placed on immigration to
   the United States in the late 19th century primarily
   because immigrants
   (1) would work for low wages
   (2) provided a rich source of investment capital
   (3) would add to the diversity of the population
   (4) faced little opposition from citizens

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

19 The “separate but equal” doctrine established by
   the Supreme Court in Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)
   upheld the legality of
   (1) woman’s suffrage in state elections
   (2) the activities of the Ku Klux Klan
   (3) racial segregation in public facilities
   (4) restrictions on voting rights of African
       Americans

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

Base your answer to question 20 on the photographs below and on your knowledge of social studies.
20 These photographs of 19th-century life on the Great Plains indicate that
   (1) Native American Indians and white settlers used the same building materials for
       protection
   (2) Native American Indians and white settlers adapted differently to the same
       environment
   (3) white settlers learned farming practices from Native American Indians
   (4) both Native American Indians and white settlers depended on the buffalo for survival

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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