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US History and Government - New York Regents June 2013 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Which generalization is most clearly supported by the information provided by the map?
  (1) Most early European settlements were located west of the Appalachian Mountains.
  (2) Rivers and harbors played a major role in the location of early settlements.
  (3) Only Dutch colonists settled away from the Atlantic coast.
  (4) The Great Lakes were important shipping routes for the early settlers.

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2.

2 The creation of the Virginia House of Burgesses
  and the signing of the Mayflower Compact
  showed that American colonists
  (1) supported the abolition of slavery
  (2) practiced elements of self-government
  (3) promoted public education
  (4) demanded immediate independence

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3.

3 Which two key principles of government are
  included in the Declaration of Independence?
  (1) majority rule and minority rights
  (2) universal suffrage and judicial independence
  (3) direct democracy and equality for women
  (4) consent of the governed and natural rights

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4.

    Base your answer to question 4 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … We the General Assembly of Virginia do enact,
   that no man shall be compelled to frequent or
   support any religious Worship place or Ministry
   whatsoever, nor shall be enforced, restrained,
   molested, or burthened [burdened] in his body or
   goods, nor shall otherwise suffer on account of his
   religious opinions or belief, but that all men shall
   be free to profess, and by argument to maintain
   their opinions in matters of religion, and that the
   same shall in no wise [way] diminish, enlarge, or
   affect their civil capacities.…
                       — Virginia General Assembly, 1779
 4 The principle expressed in this proposed law was
   also contained in the
   (1) Zenger case decision
   (2) Albany Plan of Union
   (3) First amendment
   (4) Alien and Sedition Acts

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5.

5 Which major issue was debated at the
  Constitutional Convention in 1787 and contributed directly to the start of the Civil War?
  (1) regulation of interstate commerce
  (2) setting of qualifications for federal office
      holders
  (3) length of presidential term of office
  (4) balance of power between the states and the
      national government

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6.

6 The United States and New York State
  constitutions establish republican forms of
  government because each provides for
  (1) a standing army
  (2) elected representatives
  (3) control over the money supply
  (4) a system of implied powers

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7.

7 What was the primary objection of the
  Antifederalists to ratification of the Constitution?
  (1) They opposed a bicameral legislature.
  (2) They believed the rights of the people were
      not protected.
  (3) They feared a weak central government.
  (4) They wanted to give more power to the
      executive branch.

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8.

   Base your answer to question 8 on the excerpts
from the United States Constitution below and on
your knowledge of social studies.
   The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall
   not be suspended, unless when in cases of
   rebellion or invasion the public safety may
   require it.
                                  — Article I, Section 9
   … and no warrants shall issue, but upon probable
   cause, supported by oath or affirmation, and
   particularly describing the place to be searched,
   and the persons or things to be seized.
                                     — Amendment IV
 8 Which basic constitutional concept is illustrated
   by each of these provisions?
   (1) balancing individual liberty and the need for
       order in society
   (2) dividing power between the Senate and the
       House of Representatives
   (3) guaranteeing equal treatment of minority
       groups
   (4) providing flexibility to meet changing needs
       through the elastic clause

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9.

9 According to the Constitution, the president is
  required to
  (1) sign or veto bills passed by Congress
  (2) establish income tax rates
  (3) review Supreme Court decisions
  (4) raise money for political parties

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10.

    Base your answer to question 10 on the excerpt
from an address to the Cherokee Nation below and
on your knowledge of social studies.
       Cherokees! The president of the United States
   has sent me, with a powerful army, to cause you,
   in obedience to the treaty of 1835, to join that
   part of your people who are already established in
   prosperity on the other side of the Mississippi.—
   Unhappily, the two years which were allowed for
   the purpose, you have suffered to pass away
   without following, and without making any
   preparations to follow; and now, or by the time
   that this solemn address shall reach your distant
   settlements, the emigration must be commenced
   in haste, but, I hope, without disorder. I have no
   power, by granting a further delay, to correct the
   error that you have committed. The full moon of
   May is already on the wane [decline]; and before
   another shall have passed away, every Cherokee
   man, woman, and child, in those states, must be
   in motion to join their brethren in the far west.…
                         — General Winfield Scott, 1838
10 The immediate result of the action demanded in
   this passage was the
   (1) creation of the Underground Railroad
   (2) expansion of the rights of Native American
       Indians
   (3) start of the Trail of Tears march to the
       Oklahoma Territory
   (4) assimilation of Native American Indians into
       mainstream American culture

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11.

11 In Marbury v. Madison (1803), the Supreme
   Court established a precedent for
   (1) judicial review
   (2) the impeachment process for civil officers
   (3) lifetime offices for justices
   (4) treaty ratification procedures

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12.

12 The Lewis and Clark expedition (1803–1806) was
   important because it
   (1) determined the route of the first transcontinental railroad
   (2) opened an all-water route to the Gulf of Mexico
   (3) removed the British threat from the
       Northwest Territory
   (4) increased understanding of the area included
       in the Louisiana Purchase

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13.

    Base your answer to question 13 on the statement
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … The whole military force of the State is at the
   service of a Mr. Suttle, a slaveholder from Virginia,
   to enable him to catch a man whom he calls his
   property; but not a soldier is offered to save a
   citizen of Massachusetts from being kidnapped! Is
   this what all these soldiers, all this training, have
   been for these seventy-nine years past [since the
   beginning of the American Revolution]? Have
   they been trained merely to rob Mexico and carry
   back fugitive slaves to their masters?…
      — Henry David Thoreau, Independence Day speech at
                              Framingham, Massachusetts
13 The author of this statement is expressing
   dissatisfaction with a provision included in the
   (1) Treaty of Ghent (1815)
   (2) Oregon Treaty of 1846
   (3) Compromise of 1850
   (4) Kansas-Nebraska Act (1854)

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14.

Base your answers to questions 14 and 15 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

14 Which conclusion is most clearly supported by the information in the map?
   (1) The belief in laissez-faire prevented the federal government from helping railroads.
   (2) The federal government promoted transcontinental railroad construction.
   (3) Western railroads generated little profit for their owners.
   (4) Railroad companies had to buy the land they needed for construction.

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15.

15 What was a result of the railroad construction shown on the map?
   (1) A national market developed in the United States.
   (2) Silver and gold mining opportunities decreased.
   (3) Railroad companies gave free land to settlers.
   (4) Steel factories relocated from the Great Lakes region to the Rocky Mountain states.

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16.

16 President Abraham Lincoln’s plan for
   Reconstruction after the Civil War included
   (1) restoring the social conditions that existed
       before the war began
   (2) conducting trials for former Confederate
       leaders
   (3) destroying the economic and social power of
       the Southern planters
   (4) reuniting the nation as quickly as possible

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17.

17 After the Civil War, freedmen in the South had
   difficulty improving their economic condition
   because
   (1) literacy for formerly enslaved persons was
        prohibited
   (2) migration of factory workers from Northern
        cities had created competition for jobs
   (3) the federal government confiscated their 40acre grants
   (4) the system of sharecropping kept them in a
        cycle of poverty

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18.

    Base your answer to question 18 on the cartoon
below and on your knowledge of social studies.

18 This cartoon is expressing support for
   (1) the Populist crusade (3) national Prohibition
   (2) woman’s suffrage      (4) protective tariffs

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19.

19 In the second half of the 180os, which
   development led to the other three?
   (1) expansion of political machines
   (2) growth of American cities
   (3) development of tenement housing
   (4) increase in crime

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20.

20 The Roosevelt Corollary (1904) to the Monroe
   Doctrine proclaimed the right of the United States to
   (1) intervene in the internal affairs of Latin
       American nations
   (2) impose trade restrictions on European imports
   (3) promote democracy in Africa
   (4) determine the border between Alaska and
       Canada

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