Syvum Home Page

Home > Examinations > NYSED Regents Exams > US History and Govt >

US History and Government - New York Regents January 2013 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 Which geographic factor most directly influenced
  the location of the first English settlements in
  North America?
  (1) rivers along the Atlantic coast
  (2) availability of flat land in the Midwest
  (3) mild climate along the Gulf coast
  (4) forests throughout the Middle Colonies

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 The Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights
  were significant influences on United States
  constitutional development because they
  (1) provided suffrage for all men and women
  (2) placed limits on the powers of the
      government
  (3) called for the abolition of slavery
  (4) supported the development of federalism

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 The Declaration of Independence contains a
  (1) proposal for reuniting the colonies and
      England
  (2) statement of grievances against the King of
      England
  (3) request for a treaty between the colonies and
      Spain
  (4) plan for organizing the western territories

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Which set of events related to early America is in
  the correct chronological order?
  (1) inauguration of George Washington →
      passage of Stamp Act → Battle of Saratoga →
      French and Indian War
  (2) Battle of Saratoga → French and Indian War →
      passage of Stamp Act → inauguration of
      George Washington
  (3) French and Indian War → passage of Stamp
      Act → Battle of Saratoga → inauguration of
      George Washington
  (4) passage of Stamp Act → French and Indian
      War → inauguration of George Washington →
      Battle of Saratoga

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Critics of the Articles of Confederation argued
  that it
  (1) imposed unfair taxes on the states
  (2) used a draft to raise a national army
  (3) provided a strong system of federal courts
  (4) placed too much power in the hands of the
      states

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 “… Article 6. There shall be neither slavery nor
  involuntary servitude in the said territory,
  otherwise than in the punishment of crimes
  whereof the party shall have been duly convicted:
  Provided, always, That any person escaping into
  the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully
  claimed in any one of the original States, such
  fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed
  to the person claiming his or her labor or service
  as aforesaid.…”
                         — Northwest Ordinance, 1787
  Based on this excerpt from the Northwest
  Ordinance, which statement is a valid
  conclusion?
  (1) The issue of slavery was largely ignored
      before the Civil War.
  (2) Abolitionists had gained control of the
      Constitutional Convention.
  (3) Slavery was legally banned in the Northwest
      Territory.
  (4) Enslaved persons had constitutionally
      protected civil rights.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 The Great Compromise enabled delegates at the
  Constitutional Convention (1787) to
  (1) establish the principle of popular sovereignty
      in the territories
  (2) give Congress the exclusive right to declare
      war if the nation is attacked
  (3) protect the interests of states with small
      populations and states with large populations
  (4) provide for the indirect election of the
      president through the electoral college

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Which presidential action is an example of the
  use of the unwritten constitution?
  (1) signing a law passed by Congress
  (2) calling a meeting of the cabinet
  (3) ordering the navy to patrol the Persian Gulf
  (4) nominating a federal court judge

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 The major benefit of having the elastic clause in
  the United States Constitution is that it
  (1) allows the government to respond to
      changing conditions
  (2) protects the rights of racial minorities
  (3) prevents one branch of government from
      becoming too powerful
  (4) establishes a postal service

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 How did Alexander Hamilton’s financial plan
   affect the economy of the United States during
   the 179os?
   (1) National tax revenues decreased.
   (2) High tariffs increased foreign trade.
   (3) Treasury policies contributed to widespread
       inflation.
   (4) The newly created Bank of the United States
       helped stabilize the economy.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 One result of the purchase of the Louisiana
   Territory (1803) was that the United States
   (1) acquired California from Spain
   (2) gained control of the port of New Orleans
   (3) ended border conflicts with British Canada
   (4) annexed Florida

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 The decision in Marbury v. Madison (1803) was
   significant because it established that the
   Supreme Court
   (1) had limited powers over state courts
   (2) had the power to choose its own members
   (3) could declare a federal law unconstitutional
   (4) could impeach the president and other
       government officials

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 The constitutional controversy that led directly to
   the start of the Civil War concerned the right of
   states to
   (1) control tariff rates
   (2) sign treaties with foreign nations
   (3) redraw congressional districts
   (4) secede from the Union

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 Which group benefited most directly from the
   Supreme Court decision in Dred Scott v. Sanford
   (1857)?
   (1) abolitionists        (3) slave owners
   (2) immigrants           (4) enslaved persons

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 Which title best completes the partial outline
   below?
     I. _______
        A. California Gold Rush (1849)
        B. Homestead Act (1862)
        C. Completion of transcontinental
           railroad (1869)
   (1) Factors Encouraging Westward Settlement
   (2) Government-Sponsored Transportation Programs
   (3) Recognition of Native American Indian Land
       Rights
   (4) Actions Promoting the Conservation of
       Natural Resources

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

   Base your answer to question 16 on the passage
from the trial transcript below and on your
knowledge of social studies.
   … MISS ANTHONY: When I was brought before
   your honor for trial, I hoped for a broad and
   liberal interpretation of the Constitution and its
   recent amendments, that should declare all
   United States citizens under its protecting aegis
   [shield]—that should declare equality of rights
   the national guarantee to all persons born or
   naturalized in the United States. But failing to
   get this justice—failing, even, to get a trial by a
   jury not of my peers—I ask not leniency at your
   hands—but rather the full rigors of the law.…
          Source: United States v. Susan B. Anthony, 1873
16 The constitutional amendments referred to in
   this statement were ratified to
   (1) end the importation of slaves
   (2) increase federal revenue
   (3) institute national Prohibition
   (4) provide legal rights to African Americans

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

17 Which statement best describes how the status of
   African Americans in the South changed soon
   after the end of Reconstruction in 1877?
   (1) The Supreme Court consistently supported
       civil rights for African Americans.
   (2) Poll taxes and literacy tests were eliminated
       for African Americans.
   (3) Increasing numbers of African Americans
       were elected to public office.
   (4) African Americans faced increasing discrimination and segregation.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

18 The theory of laissez-faire economics was used
   during the late 180os to
   (1) justify unregulated business growth
   (2) call for more consumer protection
   (3) support Progressive programs
   (4) achieve equal distribution of income

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

    Base your answers to questions 19 and 20 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: The best way to prevent corruption in
           government is to allow citizens a direct
           role in the legislative process.
Speaker B: Breaking up trusts and monopolies will
           increase business competition.
Speaker C: An important goal of the federal
           government should be the protection of
           our natural resources.
Speaker D: Government will only improve when
           women are granted full suffrage.
19 Which speaker’s statement is most directly
   related to the political concepts of initiative,
   referendum, and recall?
   (1) A                    (3) C
   (2) B                    (4) D

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

20 Which two speakers’ viewpoints reflect actions
   taken by Theodore Roosevelt when he was
   president (1901–1909)?
   (1) A and B             (3) C and D
   (2) B and C             (4) D and A

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 
Skip to Questions 21 - 35


 
18 more pages in US History and Govt


Contact Info © 1999-2017 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-