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Biology : Plant & Animal Cells III (Parts & Functions)


Answer each question below related to parts of plant and animal cells & their functions based on the clues given.

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1.

It is a plastid, containing pigments such as xanthophyll (yellow in color) and carotene (orangish-red in color). These pigments impart color to flowers and fruits of plants.

  Cytoplasm

  Ribosome

  Nucleoplasm

  Chromoplast

  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

It initiates and regulates cell division. It also helps in forming spindle fibres, with the help of asters.

  Nucleus

  Nucleolus

  Centrosome

  Vacuole

  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

It helps in the storage of water and several other substances, namely food, waste products and pigments. It also provides turgidity to the cell.

  Nucleolus

  Vacuole

  Lysosome

  Chloroplast

 
Hint      

4.

It is known as the 'site of protein synthesis in the cell', and synthesizes proteins. It is chiefly composed of RNA (Ribonucleic acid).

  Ribosome

  Golgi Apparatus

  Mitochondrion

  Chromoplast

  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

It is a plastid, containing a pigment called chlorophyll. This chlorophyll captures energy from sunlight and helps in the manufacture of food by the process of photosynthesis.

  Vacuole

  Nucleolus

  Nucleoplasm

  Chloroplast

 
Hint      

6.

It is a plastid. It helps in the storage of starch.

  Vacuole

  Nucleolus

  Leucoplast

  Ribosome

  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

It provides shape to the cell. It is semi-permeable, regulating the entry and exit of substances, namely solutes and ions.

  Nuclear Membrane

  Cell Membrane

  Endoplasmic Reticulum

  Nucleoplasm

 
Hint      


 
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