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Biology : Plant & Animal Cells III (Parts & Functions)


Answer each question below related to parts of plant and animal cells & their functions based on the clues given.

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1.

It is the site of ATP (Adenosine triphosphate) synthesis. It also synthesizes respiratory enzymes.

  Chloroplast

  Vacuole

  Mitochondrion

  Nucleolus

  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

It is a plastid, containing pigments such as xanthophyll (yellow in color) and carotene (orangish-red in color). These pigments impart color to flowers and fruits of plants.

  Nucleolus

  Chromoplast

  Vacuole

  Nucleoplasm

  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

It is the house of all metabolic activities and functions in the cell. In other words, it contains most of the cell organelles, each of which perform a specific function.

  Ribosome

  Centrosome

  Cytoplasm

  Chromoplast

  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

It synthesizes proteins by producing and storing RNA (Ribonucleic acid). At the same time, it orders ribosomes to synthesize proteins.

  Ribosome

  Nucleolus

  Chromoplast

  Cell Membrane

  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

It is semi-permeable, allowing substances to enter and leave the nucleus of the cell. It also provides protection to the nucleus of the cell.

  Nuclear Membrane

  Lysosome

  Golgi Apparatus

  Chromoplast

  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

It initiates and regulates cell division. It also helps in forming spindle fibres, with the help of asters.

  Mitochondrion

  Cell Wall

  Centrosome

  Cell Membrane

  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

It helps in the storage of water and several other substances, namely food, waste products and pigments. It also provides turgidity to the cell.

  Nucleolus

  Endoplasmic Reticulum

  Cell Membrane

  Vacuole

 
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