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Biology : Plant & Animal Cells III (Parts & Functions)


Given the PLANT / ANIMAL
CELL PART, identify the DESCRIPTION

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1.

Cytoplasm

  It initiates and regulates cell division. It also helps in forming spindle fibres, with the help of asters.

  It is a plastid, containing pigments such as xanthophyll (yellow in color) and carotene (orangish-red in color). These pigments impart color to flowers and fruits of plants.

  It provides shape to the cell. It is semi-permeable, regulating the entry and exit of substances, namely solutes and ions.

  It is the house of all metabolic activities and functions in the cell. In other words, it contains most of the cell organelles, each of which perform a specific function.

  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

Leucoplast

  It is a plastid, containing pigments such as xanthophyll (yellow in color) and carotene (orangish-red in color). These pigments impart color to flowers and fruits of plants.

  It is a plastid. It helps in the storage of starch.

  It synthesizes and secretes certain substances, namely hormones and enzymes. It also helps in the formation of acrosome of sperm.

  It is the house of all metabolic activities and functions in the cell. In other words, it contains most of the cell organelles, each of which perform a specific function.

  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

Cell Membrane

  It provides shape to the cell. It is semi-permeable, regulating the entry and exit of substances, namely solutes and ions.

  It provides support to the cell. It also helps in the synthesis and transport of proteins and fats.

  It provides protection, shape and rigidity to the cell. It is freely permeable, allowing substances in the form of solutions to enter and leave the cell without any hindrance.

  It is a plastid. It helps in the storage of starch.

 
Hint      

4.

Cell Wall

  It provides shape to the cell. It is semi-permeable, regulating the entry and exit of substances, namely solutes and ions.

  It initiates and regulates cell division. It also helps in forming spindle fibres, with the help of asters.

  It is a plastid. It helps in the storage of starch.

  It provides protection, shape and rigidity to the cell. It is freely permeable, allowing substances in the form of solutions to enter and leave the cell without any hindrance.

 
Hint      

5.

Endoplasmic Reticulum

  It is a plastid, containing pigments such as xanthophyll (yellow in color) and carotene (orangish-red in color). These pigments impart color to flowers and fruits of plants.

  It provides support to the cell. It also helps in the synthesis and transport of proteins and fats.

  It provides shape to the cell. It is semi-permeable, regulating the entry and exit of substances, namely solutes and ions.

  It is a plastid, containing a pigment called chlorophyll. This chlorophyll captures energy from sunlight and helps in the manufacture of food by the process of photosynthesis.

  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

Golgi Apparatus

  It provides support to the cell. It also helps in the synthesis and transport of proteins and fats.

  It is a plastid. It helps in the storage of starch.

  It provides protection, shape and rigidity to the cell. It is freely permeable, allowing substances in the form of solutions to enter and leave the cell without any hindrance.

  It synthesizes and secretes certain substances, namely hormones and enzymes. It also helps in the formation of acrosome of sperm.

 
Hint      

7.

Centrosome

  It is the house of all metabolic activities and functions in the cell. In other words, it contains most of the cell organelles, each of which perform a specific function.

  It provides protection, shape and rigidity to the cell. It is freely permeable, allowing substances in the form of solutions to enter and leave the cell without any hindrance.

  It is a plastid, containing pigments such as xanthophyll (yellow in color) and carotene (orangish-red in color). These pigments impart color to flowers and fruits of plants.

  It initiates and regulates cell division. It also helps in forming spindle fibres, with the help of asters.

  Half-n-half Clue
 

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