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History : History Vocabulary IV

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HISTORICAL WORD : MEANING
  • absolutism : principle of government with absolute ruler who holds supreme power
  • administrator : person with an ability to organize and manage affairs or estate
  • agrarian : relating to land, agriculture and cultivation
  • apartheid : policy of racial discrimination (e.g., in South Africa)
  • archives : public records or place where records are stored
  • armor : protective covering for body worn in fighting
  • autonomy : right of self-government or ruling self without outside control
  • capitalist : person with wealth who invests in business for profit
  • caucus : private meeting or local committee for political party organization
  • civil : relating to citizens or State; non-military
  • coup d'etat : revolt by military leaders leading to violent or illegal change of government
  • dissident : rebellious person who is not in agreement with the government
  • explorer : person who travels to places with a sense of inquiry
  • exterritoriality : right to be free from jurisdiction of territory one resides in; right of foreigners to be protected by their own nation's laws
  • glasnost : policy of openness on domestic and international fronts initiated by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev
  • indulgence : privilege often granted by Popes during purgatory for reduction of punishment to sinner
  • industrialization : process of establishing large-scale industries
  • inflation : price increases due to increases in money supply
  • lord : powerful nobleman in the Middle Ages with his own land owing allegiance to the king
  • medieval : relating to the Middle Ages
  • monastery : place where monks live as a community
  • monastic : relating to monks and monasteries
  • mosque : place of worship for Muslims
  • nationalization : process of converting into national property or bringing under government control
  • neolithic : relating to the later Stone Age
  • non-intervention : policy of keeping aloof from disputes of others
  • palaeolithic : relating to earliest stone implements
  • perestroika : policy of reforms for the Soviet economy initiated by Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev
  • proliferation : rapid growth, spread or multiplication
  • purdah : practice of secluding women of rank with screen in India
  • reincarnation : rebirth of soul in other living embodiment as per Hinduism and Buddhism
  • Renaissance : revival of arts and letters about A.D. 1400 - 1600; any similar revival period
  • ruins : remains of old cities and buildings
  • satrap : provincial governor in the Persian Empire
  • scroll : roll of parchment or paper; ancient book in roll form
  • site : place chosen for building or town
  • socialism : principle where society, not individuals, owns property and runs enterprises
  • Socratic : relating to Socrates, the wise man of ancient Greece
  • suffrage : right of voting at elections
  • Taoism : religious doctrine of the Chinese philosopher, Lao-tsze, about how man can achieve harmony
  • topography : physical features of a region and their description
  • totalitarianism : political system with single-party dictatorship and complete control over citizen's lives
  • urbanization : process of changing from rural villages to towns and cities

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