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Body Parts : English - Japanese Translation Game
(Karada no Bubun : Eigo - Nihongo Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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About Button apid Just what you need to know!

Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Mostof the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakanais used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages(except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are a phonetic reperesentation of sound representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of  Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'Karina has a stomachache.' is written in :

Japanese Romaji :Karina san wa onaka ga itai desu.  ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) : カリナさんはおいです。 ; where
Kanji =  (na), (ita) ; Katakana = カリナ(Karina) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : カリナさんはおなかいたいです。
Note - The Kanjis in the sentence written in Japanese traditional, and are replaced by their hiragana equivalents おな and いた respectively.

Note :
'San' is used as a suffix to a personal name and is the equivalent of Mr, Mrs, Miss and Master.
(ha) is read (wa) only when it is used as the particle attached to the noun or the subject of a sentence.
(wa) is always used after the subject.
In the example above, (wa) comes after the subject depāto カリナさん (Karina san) .

Kanji is sometimes written in combination with Hiragana.
In the above example onaka (stomach) is written in Kanji as , and in Hiragana as なか
likewise, itai (pain) is written in Kanji as い, and in Hiragana asいた.

Romaji Vocabulary  Hiragana Vocabulary   Katakana Vocabulary  Kanji Vocabulary  

Hiragana Alphabets   Katakana Alphabets   Kanji Characters Tables

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Word - Romaji (Nihongo no Kotoba)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
ankle  ashikubi Hiragana : あしくび ; Kanji : 足首
arm  ude Hiragana :うで ; Kanji : 腕
body  karada Hiragana : からだ ; Kanji : 体
cheek  ho Hiragana : ほ ; Kanji : 頬
chest  mune Hiragana : むね ; Kanji : 胸
chin  ago Hiragana : あご ; Kanji : 顎
ear  mimi Hiragana : みみ ; Kanji : 耳
elbow  hiji Hiragana : ひじ ; Kanji : 肘
eye  me Hiragana : め ; Kanji :目
face  kao Hiragana : かお ; Kanji : 顔
finger  yubi Hiragana : ゆび ; Kanji : 指
foot  ashi Hiragana : あし ; Kanji : 足
forehead  hitai Hiragana : ひたい ; Kanji : 額
hand  te Hiragana :て ; Kanji : 手
hair  kami Hiragana : かみ ; Kanji : 髪
head  atama Hiragana : あたま ; Kanji : 頭
heel  kakato Hiragana : かかと ; Kanji : 踵
knee  hiza Hiragana : ひざ ; Kanji : 膝
leg  ashi Hiragana : あし ; Kanji : 足
lip  kuchibiru Hiragana :くちびる ; Kanji : 唇
mouth  kuchi Hiragana :くち ; Kanji : 口
nail  tsume Hiragana : つめ ; Kanji : 爪
neck  kubi Hiragana :くび ; Kanji : 首
nose  hana Hiragana : はな ; Kanji : 鼻
palm  hira Hiragana : ひら ; Kanji : 平
shoulder   kata Hiragana : かた ; Kanji : 肩
stomach onaka
Hiragana : おなか ; Kanji : お腹
teeth  ha Hiragana : は ; Kanji : 歯
thigh  momo Hiragana :もも ; Kanji : 股
thumb  oyayubi Hiragana : おやゆび ; Kanji : 親指
toe  ashinoyubi Hiragana : あしのゆび ; Kanji : 足の指
tongue  shita Hiragana :した ; Kanji : 舌
waist  koshi Hiragana :こし ; Kanji : 腰
wrist  tekubi Hiragana :てくび ; Kanji : 手首


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