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Languages : English - Japanese Katakana Translation Game
(Gengo : Eigo - Nihongo Katakana Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Mostof the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakanais used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages(except Chinese), mostly English in origin, like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana are syllabaries in which each symbol represents a spoken syllable, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'Lisa speaks very good Spanish.' is written in :

Japanese Romaji : Lisa san wa supeingo ga jōzu desu.

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) : リサさんはスペインゴ上手です。; where
上手 (jōzu = very good) ; Katakana = リサ (Lisa), スペインゴ (supeingo = spanish) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) :  リサさんはスペインゴじょうずです。
Note - The Kanji in the sentence written in Japanese traditional, 上手 is replaced by the Hiragana equivalent ). じょうず(jōzu).

Note :
The Katakana vocabulary consists of words which are only to be written in Katakana, with the exception of some Hiragana words written in Katakana for the sake of foreigners.
ex. Milk (gyūnyū) is a Hiragana word , also written in Katakana Romaji (miruku) in restaurant menus and supermarkets.

To denote a language, 'go', essentially a Hiragana / Kanji word ( / ) is suffixed to the name of the country.
Go means language in Japanese.
ex. French = Furansu + go = Furansugo ( フランス / フランス)

Most languages are written in Katakana with the exception of Japanese, Chinese and Korean which are written in Hiragana / Kanji. Japanese - Nihongo (にほん / 日本)
Chinese - Chūgokugo (ちゅうごく
/ 中国
Korean - Kankokugo (かんこく / 韓国)


Romaji Vocabulary Hiragana Vocabulary Katakana Vocabulary Kanji Vocabulary

Hiragana Alphabets Katakana Alphabets Kanji Characters Tables





Languages in English (Gengo Eigo de) Languages in Japanese Romaji (Gengo Nihongo romaji de) Languages in Japanese Katakana (Gengo Nihongo Katakana de)
AfrikaansAfurikānsugoアフリカーンスご
ArabicArabiagoアラビアご
BulagarianBurukariagoブルカリアご
ChamorroChamorrogoチャモッロご
DanishDenmākugoデンマークご
FilipinoFuiriponogoフィリピノご
FrenchFuransugoフランスご
GermanDoitsugoドイツご
GreekGirishagoギリシャじん
HindiHindeigoヒンディご
IndonesianIndoneshiagoインドネシアご
ItalianItariagoイタリアご
MalaysianMarēshiagoマレーシアご
NorwegianNoruwēgoノルウェーご
PersianPerushiagoペルシアご
PolishPōrandogoポーランドご
PortuguesePorutogarugoポルトガルご
RussianRoshiagoド ロシアご
SpanishSupeingoスペインご
Swahili, KiswahiliSuwahiligoスワヒリご
SwedishSuuwēdengoスウェーデンご
ThaiTaigoタイご
TurkishTorukogoトルコご
UkrainianUkurainagoウクライナご
UrduUrudoūgoウルドゥーご
VietnameseBetonamugoベトナムご

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