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Colours, Days & Months : English - Japanese Kanji Translation Game
(Iro, Yōbi To Tsuki : Eigo - Nihongo Kanji Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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Try the Quiz : COLOURS, DAYS & MONTHS (IRO, YŌBI TO TSUKI)

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Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Most of the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakana is used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages (except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are phonetic representations of sound, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'The department store is closed on Mondays' is written in :

Japanese Romaji : Depāto wa getsuyōbi ni yasumi desu. ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) : デパート月曜日休みです。; where
Kanji = 月曜日 (getsuyōbi = Monday),休み (yasumi = holiday) ; Katakana = デパート(depāto = department store) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : デパートげつようびやすみです。
Note - The Kanjis in the sentence written in Japanese traditional, 月曜日 and 休み are replaced by their hiragana equivalents げつようび (getsuyōbi) andやすみ(yasumi) respectively.

Note :
(ha) is read (wa) only when it is used as the particle attached to the noun or the subject of a sentence.
In other words, one writes not for the particle wa.
(wa) is always used after the subject.
In the example above, (wa) comes after the subject depāto デパート (department store) .

Kanji is sometimes written in combination with Hiragana.
In the above example yasumi (holiday) is written in Kanji as 休み and in Hiragana as やすみ. Note the み (mi) in Kanji.

Romaji Vocabulary   Hiragana Vocabulary  Katakana Vocabulary   Kanji Vocabulary

Hiragana Alphabets  Katakana Alphabets  Kanji Characters Tables





IRO (COLOURS)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Kanji word (Nihongo Kanji no Kotoba)Romaji & Hiragana Scripts
black黒い Romaji : kuroi
Hiragana : くろい
blue 青色 Romaji : aoiro
Hiragana : あおいろ
brown茶色 Romaji : chairo
Hiragana : ちゃいろい
green 緑色 Romaji : midoriiro
Hiragana : みどりいろ
grey灰色, 鼠色 Romaji : haiiro, nezumiiro
Hiragana : はいいろ, ねずみいろ
orange炎色 Romaji : enshoku
Hiragana : えんしょく
pink淡紅色 Romaji : tankōshoku
Hiragana : たんこうしょく
purpleRomaji : murasaki
Hiragana : むらさきいろ 
red 赤いRomaji : akai
Hiragana : あかい
silver 銀色Romaji : kiniro
Hiragana : ぎんいろ 
whiteRomaji : shiroi
Hiragana : しろい
yellow黄色Romaji : kiiro
Hiragana : きいろ

BI (DAYS OF THE WEEK)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Kanji word (Nihongo Kanji no Kotoba)Romaji & Hiragana Scripts
Monday月曜日 Romaji : getsuyōbi
Hiragana : げつようび
Tuesday火曜日 Romaji : hayōbi
Hiragana : かよう
Wednesday水曜日 Romaji : suiyōbi
Hiragana : すいようび
Thursday木曜日 Romaji : mokuyōbi
Hiragana : もくようび
Friday金曜日 Romaji : kinyōbi
Hiragana : きんようび
Saturday土曜日 Romaji : doyōbi
Hiragana : どようび
Sunday日曜日 Romaji : nichiyōbi
Hiragana : にちようび

TOSHI NO TSUKI (MONTHS OF THE YEAR)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Kanji word (Nihongo Kanji no Kotoba)Romaji & Hiragana Scripts
January一月 Romaji : ichigastu
Hiragana : いちがつ
February二月 Romaji : nigatsu
Hiragana : にがつ
March三月 Romaji : sangatsu
Hiragana : さんがつ
April四月 Romaji : shigatsu
Hiragana : しがつ
May五月 Romaji : gogatsu
Hiragana : ごがつ
June六月 Romaji : rokugatsu
Hiragana : ろくがつ
July七月Romaji : shichigatsu
Hiragana : しちがつ
August 八月 Romaji : hachigatsu
Hiragana : はちがつ
September九月 Romaji : kugatsu
Hiragana : くがつ
October十月 Romaji : jūgatsu
Hiragana : じゅうがつ
November十一月Romaji : jūichigatsu
Hiragana : じゅういちがつ
December十二月 Romaji : jūinigatsu
Hiragana : じゅうにがつ

Try the Quiz : COLOURS, DAYS & MONTHS (IRO, YŌBI TO TSUKI)


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