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Basic Words : English - Japanese Kanji Translation Game
(Kihon-Teki na Kotoba : Eigo - Nihongo Kanji Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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Try the Quiz : BASIC WORDS (KIHON-TEKI NA KOTOBA)

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Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Mostof the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakana is used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages (except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are phonetic representations of sound, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana /  Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'There is a lake in Geneva.' is written in :

Japanese Romaji : Junēbu ni mizūmi ga arimasu ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) : ジュネーブが あります; where
Kanji = (mizūmi = lake) ; Katakana = ジュネーブ (Junēbu = Geneva) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : ジュネーブみずうみが あります
The Kanji in the sentence written in Japanese traditional, is replaced its hiragana equivalent みずうみ.

Note : Lake becomes 'ko' when attached to a place name. ex. Lake Geneva = Junēbu ko (not Junēbu mizūmi).   

Romaji Vocabulary   Hiragana Vocabulary  Katakana Vocabulary  Kanji Vocabulary

Hiragana Alphabets  Katakana Alphabets  Kanji Characters Tables




KAZOKU (FAMILY)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba) : Japanese Kanji word (Nihongo Kanji no Kotoba) : Romaji & Hiragana Scripts
  • father :
    - Romaji : otōsan
    Hiragana : おとうさん

  • mother :
    - Romaji : okasan
    Hiragana : おかさん

  • brother :
    - Romaji : onīsan
    Hiragana : おにいさん

  • sister : 姉妹
    - Romaji : onēsan
    Hiragana : おねえさん

  • son : 息子
    - Romaji : musuko, obotchan
    Hiragana : むすこ, おぼっちゃん

  • daughter :
    - Romaji : musume, ojōsan
    Hiragana : むすめ, おじょうさん

  • husband  :
    - Romaji : otto
    Hiragana : おっと

  • wife :
    - Romaji : tsuma
    Hiragana : つま

  • uncle : 叔父
    - Romaji : ojisan
    Hiragana : おじさん

  • aunt : 叔母
    - Romaji : obasan
    Hiragana : おばさん

  • child :
    - Romaji : ko
    Hiragana : こ

  • grandfather : 祖父
    - Romaji : ojīsan ; Hiragana : おじいさん

  • grandmother : 祖母
    - Romaji : obāsan
    Hiragana : おばあさん

  • I :
    - Romaji : watashi
    Hiragana : わたし

  • we : 我々
    - Romaji : watashitachi
    Hiragana : わたしたち

  • he :
    - Romaji : kare
    Hiragana : かれ

  • she : 彼女
    - Romaji : kanojo
    Hiragana : かのじょ


MACHI NAKA (IN TOWN)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba) : Japanese Kanji word (Nihongo Kanji no Kotoba) : Romaji & Hiragana Scripts
  • airport : 空港
    - Romaji : kūkō
    Hiragana : くうこう

  • bank : 銀行
    - Romaji : ginkō
    Hiragana : ぎんこう

  • cafeteria : 食堂
    - Romaji : shokudō
    Hiragana : しょくどう

  • cinema theater, movie theater : 映画館
    - Romaji : eigakan
    Hiragana : えいがかん

  • college, university : 大学
    - Romaji : daigaku
    Hiragana : だいがく

  • company : 会社
    - Romaji : kaisha
    Hiragana : かいしゃ

  • garden, park :
    - Romaji : niwa
    Hiragana : にわ

  • hospital : 病院
    - Romaji : byōin
    Hiragana : びょういん

  • hotel : 旅館
    - Romaji : ryokan
    Hiragana : りょかん

  • information center : 案内所
    - Romaji : annaijo
    Hiragana : あんないじょ

  • library : 図書館
    - Romaji : toshokan
    Hiragana : としょかん

  • market : 市場
    - Romaji : ichiba
    Hiragana : いちば

  • museum : 博物館
    - Romaji : hakubutsukan
    Hiragana : はくぶつかん

  • office : 事務所
    - Romaji : jimusho
    Hiragana : じむしょ

  • pharmacy : 薬局
    - Romaji : yakkyoku
    Hiragana : やっきょく

  • police : 警察
    - Romaji : keisatsu
    Hiragana : けいさつ

  • school : 学校
    - Romaji : gakkō
    Hiragana : がっこう

  • station :
    - Romaji : eki
    Hiragana : えき

  • zoo : 動物園
    - Romaji : dōbutsuen
    Hiragana : どうぶつえん


ZATTA NO KOTOBA (MISCELLANEOUS WORDS)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba) : Japanese Kanji word (Nihongo Kanji no Kotoba) : Romaji & Hiragana Scripts
  • morning :
    - Romaji : asa
    Hiragana : あさ

  • afternoon : 午后
    - Romaji : gogo
    Hiragana : ごご

  • evening :
    - Romaji : ban
    Hiragana : ばん

  • night :
    - Romaji : yoru
    Hiragana : よる

  • midnight : 真夜中
    - Romaji : mayonaka
    Hiragana : まよなか

  • left :
    - Romaji : hidari
    Hiragana : ひだり

  • right :
    - Romaji : migi
    Hiragana : みぎ

  • north :
    - Romaji : kita
    Hiragana : きた

  • south :
    - Romaji : minami
    Hiragana : みなみ

  • east :
    - Romaji : higashi
    Hiragana : ひがし

  • west : 西
    - Romaji : nishi
    Hiragana : にし

  • house :
    - Romaji : uchi, ie
    Hiragana : うち, いえ

  • street :  
    - Romaji : tōri, michi
    Hiragana : とうり, みち

  • avenue : 大通り
    - Romaji : ōdōri
    Hiragana : おうどうり

  • lake :
    - Romaji : mizuumi
    Hiragana : みずうみ

  • mountain :
    - Romaji : yama
    Hiragana : やま

  • river :
    - Romaji : kawa, gawa
    Hiragana : かわ, がわ

  • car :
    - Romaji : kuruma
    Hirgana :くるま

  • train : 電車
    - Romaji : densha
    Hiragana :でんしゃ

  • ship :
    - Romaji : fune
    Hiragana :ふね



Try the Quiz : BASIC WORDS (KIHON-TEKI NA KOTOBA)


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