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Earth Science - New York Regents August 2015 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                   Part A
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.
1 Which characteristics best describe the star
  Betelgeuse?
  (1) reddish orange with low luminosity and high
      surface temperature
  (2) reddish orange with high luminosity and low
      surface temperature
  (3) blue white with low luminosity and low surface
      temperature
  (4) blue white with high luminosity and high
      surface temperature

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which motion occurs at a rate of approximately
  one degree per day?
  (1) the Moon revolving around Earth
  (2) the Moon rotating on its axis
  (3) Earth revolving around the Sun
  (4) Earth rotating on its axis

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

3 If the tilt of Earth’s axis were increased from
  23.5° to 30°, summers in New York State would
  become
  (1) cooler, and winters would become cooler
  (2) cooler, and winters would become warmer
  (3) warmer, and winters would become cooler
  (4) warmer, and winters would become warmer

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

4 Which object in space emits light because it
  releases energy produced by nuclear fusion?
  (1) Earth’s Moon        (3) Venus
  (2) Halley’s comet      (4) Polaris

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 Since Denver’s longitude is 105° W and Utica’s
  longitude is 75° W, sunrise in Denver occurs
  (1) 2 hours earlier       (3) 3 hours earlier
  (2) 2 hours later         (4) 3 hours later

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 A major piece of evidence supporting the Big Bang
  theory is the observation that wavelengths of
  light from stars in distant galaxies show a
  (1) redshift, appearing to be shorter
  (2) redshift, appearing to be longer
  (3) blueshift, appearing to be shorter
  (4) blueshift, appearing to be longer

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 During the month of January, at which location
  in New York State is the Sun lowest in the sky at
  solar noon?
  (1) Massena               (3) Utica
  (2) Niagara Falls         (4) New York City

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 Which process releases 2260 joules of heat
  energy per gram of water into the environment?
  (1) melting              (3) condensation
  (2) freezing             (4) evaporation

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 When snow cover on the land melts, the water
  will most likely become surface runoff if the
  land surface is
  (1) frozen
  (2) porous
  (3) grass covered
  (4) unconsolidated gravel

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 Which area is the most common source region
   for cold, dry air masses that move over New York
   State?
   (1) North Atlantic Ocean
   (2) Gulf of Mexico
   (3) central Canada
   (4) central Mexico

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 The map below shows a portion of the Hudson
   River and three tributaries: Catskill Creek,
   Fishkill Creek, and Wallkill River.
The greatest discharge of the Hudson River is
generally observed near
(1) Albany              (3) Poughkeepsie
(2) Kingston            (4) Ossining

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 Which station model represents a location that
   has the greatest chance of precipitation?

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

13 The Adirondacks are classified as mountains
   because of the high elevation and bedrock that
   consists mainly of
   (1) deformed and intensely metamorphosed
       rocks
   (2) glacial deposits of unconsolidated gravels,
       sands, and clays
   (3) Cambrian and Ordovician quartzites and
       marbles
   (4) horizontal sedimentary rocks of marine origin

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

14 In which landscape region are New York State’s
   Finger Lakes primarily located?
   (1) Adirondack Mountains
   (2) Allegheny Plateau
   (3) Atlantic Coastal Plain
   (4) Erie-Ontario Lowlands

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

15 What is the range of pressure in Earth’s interior
   where rock with a density range of 9.9 to
   12.2 g/cm3 is found?
   (1) 0.2 to 1.4 million atmospheres
   (2) 0.8 to 2.3 million atmospheres
   (3) 1.4 to 3.1 million atmospheres
   (4) 2.3 to 3.5 million atmospheres

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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