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Earth Science - New York Regents June 2015 Exam


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: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

                                                   Part A
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.
1 Compared to the terrestrial planets, the Jovian
  planets are
  (1) larger and less dense
  (2) smaller and more dense
  (3) closer to the Sun and less rocky
  (4) farther from the Sun and more rocky

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2.

2 Earth, the Sun, and billions of stars are contained
  within
  (1) a single constellation
  (2) the Milky Way galaxy
  (3) the solar system
  (4) a giant cloud of gas

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3.

3 The diagram below represents a globe that is
  spinning to represent Earth rotating. The globe
  is spinning in the direction indicated by the
  arrow. Points A, B, C, D, X, and Y are locations
  on the globe.
A student attempted to draw a straight line from
point X to point Y on the spinning globe. Due to
the Coriolis effect, the student’s drawn line most
likely passed through point
(1) A                       (3) C
(2) B                       (4) D

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4.

4 Flash flooding is most likely to occur when heavy
  rain falls on
  (1) deforested landscapes with clay soils
  (2) deforested landscapes with sandy soils
  (3) forested landscapes with clay soils
  (4) forested landscapes with sandy soils

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5.

5 Radioactive decay of 40K atoms in an igneous
  rock has resulted in a ratio of 25 percent 40K
  atoms to 75 percent 40Ar and 40Ca atoms.
  How many years old is this rock?
  (1) 0.3 ϫ 109 y          (3) 2.6 ϫ 109 y
  (2) 1.3 ϫ 109 y          (4) 3.9 ϫ 109 y

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6.

6 A student using a sling psychrometer measured
  a wet-bulb temperature of 10°C and a dry-bulb
  temperature of 16°C. What was the dewpoint?
  (1) -10°C                (3) 6°C
  (2) 45°C                 (4) 4°C

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7.

7 Most of the hurricanes that affect the east coast
  of the United States originally form over the
  (1) warm waters of the Atlantic Ocean in
      summer
  (2) warm land of the southeastern United States
      in summer
  (3) cool waters of the Atlantic Ocean in spring
  (4) cool land of the southeastern United States
      in spring

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8.

8 The ozone layer protects life on Earth by
  absorbing harmful ultraviolet radiation. The
  ozone layer is located between 17 kilometers and
  35 kilometers above Earth’s surface in which
  atmospheric temperature zone?
  (1) troposphere            (3) mesosphere
  (2) stratosphere           (4) thermosphere

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9.

9 Which weather map symbol is associated with
  extremely low air pressure?

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10.

10 Which two elements make up the greatest
   percentages by mass in Earth’s crust?
   (1) oxygen and potassium
   (2) oxygen and silicon
   (3) aluminum and potassium
   (4) aluminum and silicon

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11.

11 What is the approximate P-wave travel time
   from an earthquake if the P-wave arrives at the
   seismic station 8 minutes before the S-wave?
   (1) 4 minutes 20 seconds
   (2) 6 minutes 30 seconds
   (3) 10 minutes 0 seconds
   (4) 11 minutes 20 seconds

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12.

12 Which two factors have the most influence on
   the development of landscape features?
   (1) bedrock age and weathering rates
   (2) bedrock structure and climate variations
   (3) rate of deposition and thickness of the
       bedrock
   (4) rate of erosion and fossils in the bedrock

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13.

13 Which two New York State landscape regions
   have surface bedrock that formed about
   1000 million years ago?
   (1) Hudson Highlands and Adirondack
       Mountains
   (2) Erie-Ontario Lowlands and Atlantic Coastal
       Plain
   (3) Tug Hill Plateau and Allegheny Plateau
   (4) Newark Lowlands and Manhattan Prong

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14.

14 What is the minimum water velocity necessary to
   maintain movement of 0.1-centimeter-diameter
   particles in a stream?
   (1) 0.02 cm/s          (3) 5.0 cm/s
   (2) 0.5 cm/s           (4) 20.0 cm/s

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15.

15 Compared to a light-colored rock with a smooth
   surface, a dark-colored rock with a rough surface
   will
   (1) both absorb and reflect less insolation
   (2) both absorb and reflect more insolation
   (3) absorb less insolation and reflect more
        insolation
   (4) absorb more insolation and reflect less
        insolation

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