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Earth Science - New York Regents August 2014

   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 Which evidence best supports the theory that
  the universe was created by an explosion called
  the Big Bang?
  (1) impact craters found on Earth
  (2) cosmic background radiation
  (3) the different compositions of terrestrial and
      Jovian planets
  (4) the blue shift of light from distant galaxies

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 Which star is more massive than our Sun, but
  has a lower surface temperature?
  (1) 40 Eridani B         (3) Aldebaran
  (2) Sirius               (4) Barnard’s Star

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3.

3 Which color of visible light has the shortest
  wavelength?
  (1) violet              (3) yellow
  (2) green               (4) red

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4.

4 The table below shows the times of ocean
  high tides and low tides on a certain date at a
  New York State location.

At approximately what time on the following day
did the next high tide occur at this location?
(1) 4:40 a.m.             (3) 4:40 p.m.
(2) 5:40 a.m.             (4) 5:40 p.m.

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

5 The best evidence of Earth’s rotation is provided
  by the
  (1) shape of Earth’s orbit
  (2) shape of the Milky Way galaxy
  (3) changes in the total yearly duration of
      insolation at a location on Earth
  (4) apparent changes in the direction of swing of
      a Foucault pendulum

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

6 The model below shows the apparent path of the
  Sun as seen by an observer in New York State on
  the first day of one of the four seasons.

This apparent path of the Sun was observed on
the first day of
(1) spring               (3) fall
(2) summer               (4) winter

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

7 Which processes are most likely to cause a rise in
  the water table?
  (1) runoff and erosion
  (2) precipitation and infiltration
  (3) deposition and burial
  (4) solidification and condensation

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

8 During which phase change does water release
  the most heat energy?
  (1) freezing           (3) condensation
  (2) melting            (4) vaporization

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

9 What is the average air pressure exerted by
  Earth’s atmosphere at sea level, expressed in
  millibars and inches of mercury?
  (1) 1013.25 mb and 29.92 in of Hg
  (2) 29.92 mb and 1013.25 in of Hg
  (3) 1012.65 mb and 29.91 in of Hg
  (4) 29.91 mb and 1012.65 in of Hg

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

10 Which two processes lead to cloud formation in
   rising air?
   (1) compressing and cooling
   (2) compressing and warming
   (3) expanding and cooling
   (4) expanding and warming

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

11 The weather station model below shows some of
   the weather data for a certain location.

What is the wind speed shown on the station
model and which instrument is used to measure
the wind speed?
(1) 15 knots, measured by a wind vane
(2) 15 knots, measured by an anemometer
(3) 25 knots, measured by a wind vane
(4) 25 knots, measured by an anemometer

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

12 If air has a dry-bulb temperature of 2°C and
   a wet-bulb temperature of –2°C, what is the
   relative humidity?
   (1) 11%                 (3) 36%
   (2) 20%                 (4) 67%

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13.

13 Which current has a cooling effect on the climate
   of the west coast of South America?
   (1) Falkland Current      (3) Benguela Current
   (2) Peru Current          (4) Brazil Current

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14.

14 Near which two latitudes are most of Earth’s dry
   climate regions found?
   (1) 0° and 60° N         (3) 30° N and 60° N
   (2) 0° and 30° S         (4) 30° N and 30° S

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15.

15 Which event followed a massive volcanic eruption
   and led to the cooling of global temperatures?
   (1) thunderstorms that developed near the
       eruption
   (2) the release of carbon dioxide and methane
       gases
   (3) the outflow of magma over Earth’s surface
   (4) the addition of ash particles into the
       atmosphere

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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