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Earth Science - New York Regents June 2014 Exam

   Directions (1–35): For each statement or question, choose the word or expression that, of those given, best
completes the statement or answers the question. Some questions may require the use of the 2011 Edition
Reference Tables for Physical Setting/Earth Science. Record your answers on your separate answer sheet.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

1 Which New York State city is located at 42°39' N
  73°45' W?
  (1) Buffalo             (3) Ithaca
  (2) Albany              (4) Plattsburgh

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2.

2 Positions 1, 2, and 3 in the diagram below
  represent the noon Sun above the horizon on
  three different days during the year, as viewed
  from Binghamton, New York.

At which position was the noon Sun on January 21,
as viewed from Binghamton?
(1) above position 1
(2) below position 3
(3) between position 1 and position 2
(4) between position 2 and position 3

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3.

3 Which evidence best supports the theory that
  the universe began with a massive explosion?
  (1) cosmic background radiation in space
  (2) parallelism of planetary axes
  (3) radioactive dating of Earth’s bedrock
  (4) life cycle of stars

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4.

4 The diagram below represents the apparent path
  of the Sun as seen by an observer at 65° N on
  March 21.

The Sun’s position shown in the diagram was
observed closest to which time of day?
(1) 9 a.m.               (3) 3 p.m.
(2) 11 a.m.              (4) 6 p.m.

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5.

5 Which statement best describes Earth’s
  approximate rates of rotation and revolution?
  (1) Earth’s rotation rate is 15°/hour and its
      revolution rate is 1°/day.
  (2) Earth’s rotation rate is 1°/hour and its
      revolution rate is 15°/day.
  (3) Earth’s rotation rate is 24°/hour and its
      revolution rate is 360°/day.
  (4) Earth’s rotation rate is 360°/hour and its
      revolution rate is 24°/day.

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6.

6 The accumulation of water vapor, carbon dioxide,
  and nitrogen in Earth’s early atmosphere
  approximately 4 billion years ago resulted mainly
  from
  (1) outgassing from Earth’s interior
  (2) radioactive decay
  (3) photosynthesis by the earliest land plants
  (4) convection currents in Earth’s outer core

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7.

7 Fossils of which type of animal would most likely
  be found in the surface bedrock of the Catskills?
  (1) reptiles               (3) mammals
  (2) brachiopods            (4) birds

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8.

8 Which geologic event occurred in New York State
  at approximately the same time as the extinction
  of dinosaurs and ammonoids?
  (1) formation of the Queenston Delta
  (2) deposition of the sands and clays underlying
      Long Island
  (3) initial opening of the Atlantic Ocean
  (4) advance and retreat of the last continental
      ice sheet

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9.

9 The impacts of large asteroids on Earth are
  inferred to be associated with
  (1) free oxygen entering Earth’s atmosphere
  (2) seafloor spreading
  (3) the creation of subduction zones
  (4) global climatic changes

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10.

10 Volcanic ash deposits found in the geologic
   record are most useful in correlating the age of
   rock layers if the volcanic ash was distributed
   over a
   (1) large area during a short period of time
   (2) large area during a long period of time
   (3) small area during a short period of time
   (4) small area during a long period of time

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11.

11 A fossil formed 11,400 years ago. Which
   percentage of the original amount of carbon-14
   remains in the fossil?
   (1) 100%                 (3) 25%
   (2) 50%                  (4) 12.5%

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12.

12 A psychrometer is used to determine which
   weather variables?
   (1) wind speed and wind direction
   (2) percentage of cloud cover and cloud height
   (3) air pressure and air temperature
   (4) relative humidity and dewpoint

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13.

13 In the Northern Hemisphere, surface winds
   around the center of a hurricane move
   (1) clockwise and inward
   (2) clockwise and outward
   (3) counterclockwise and inward
   (4) counterclockwise and outward

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14.

14 Equal areas of which surface will absorb the most
   insolation?
   (1) partially melted snowfield
   (2) blacktop parking lot
   (3) white sand beach
   (4) lake surface

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15.

15 A city located on the coast of North America has
   warmer winters and cooler summers than a city
   at the same elevation and latitude located near
   the center of North America. Which statement
   best explains the difference between the cities’
   climates?
   (1) Ocean surfaces change temperature more
       slowly than land surfaces.
   (2) Warm, moist air rises when it meets cool,
       dry air.
   (3) Wind speeds are usually greater over land
       surfaces than over ocean surfaces.
   (4) Ocean surfaces have a lower specific heat
       than land surfaces.

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