Syvum Home Page

Home > Examinations > NYSED Regents Exams > Earth Science - High School >

Earth Science - New York Regents January 2003 Exam


Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

Which diagram correctly shows the apparent motion of Polaris from sunset to midnight for an observer in northern Canada?

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

Earth’s orbital velocity is slowest on July 5 because
(1) the Moon is closest to Earth
(2) Earth’s distance from the Sun is greatest
(3) Earth, the Moon, and the Sun are located along a straight line in space
(4) the highest maximum temperatures occur in the Northern Hemisphere

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

3.

Three planets that are relatively large, gaseous, and of low density are
(1) Mercury, Jupiter, and Saturn
(2) Venus, Jupiter, and Neptune
(3) Mars, Jupiter, and Uranus
(4) Jupiter, Saturn, and Uranus

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

4.

Which diagram sequence correctly shows the order of Moon phases, as viewed from Earth, for a period of 1 month? [Note that some phases have been omitted.]

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

5.

The diagram below shows the relative positions of the Sun, the Moon, and Earth when an eclipse was observed from Earth. Positions A and B are locations on Earth’s surface.

Which statement correctly describes the type of eclipse that was occurring and the position on Earth where this eclipse was observed?
(1) A lunar eclipse was observed from position A.
(2) A lunar eclipse was observed from position B.
(3) A solar eclipse was observed from position A.
(4) A solar eclipse was observed from position B.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

6.

The diagram below shows the types of electromagnetic energy given off by the Sun. The shaded part of the diagram shows the approximate amount of each type actually reaching Earth’s surface.

Which conclusion is best supported by the diagram?
(1) All types of electromagnetic energy reach Earth’s surface.
(2) Gamma rays and x rays make up the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy reacting Earth’s surface.
(3) Visible light makes up the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy reaching Earth’s surface.
(4) Ultraviolet and infrared radiation make up the greatest amount of electromagnetic energy reaching Earth’s surface.

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

7.

Land surfaces of Earth heat more rapidly than water surfaces because
(1) more energy from the Sun falls on land than on water
(2) land has a lower specific heat than water
(3) sunlight penetrates to greater depths in land than in water
(4) less of Earth’s surface is covered by land than by water

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

8.

The geologic drill core below shows bedrock layers A, B, and C that have not been overturned. The geological ages of layers A and C are shown.

What is the geologic age of layer B?
(1) Cambrian
(2) Ordovician
(3) Devonian
(4) Permian

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

9.

Most of Earth’s surface ocean current patterns are primarily caused by
(1) the force of gravity
(2) the impact of precipitation
(3) prevailing winds
(4) river currents

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

10.

A student uses a sling psychrometer outdoors on a clear day. The dry-bulb (air) temperature is 10°C. The water on the wet bulb will most likely
(1) condense, causing the wet-bulb temperature to be higher than the air temperature
(2) condense, causing the wet-bulb temperature to be equal to the air temperature
(3) evaporate, causing the wet-bulb temperature to be lower than the air temperature
(4) evaporate, causing the wet-bulb temperature to be equal to the air temperature

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

11.

In which direction do surface winds around lowpressure centers in the Northern Hemisphere generally move?
(1) counterclockwise, toward the center of the low
(2) clockwise, toward the center of the low
(3) counterclockwise, away from the center of the low
(4) clockwise, away from the center of the low

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

12.

The profile below shows the average diameter of sediment that was sorted and deposited in specific areas A, B, C, and D by a stream entering an ocean.

As compaction and cementation of these sediments eventually occur, which area will become siltstone
(1) A
(2) B
(3) C
(4) D

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

13.

The sequence of diagrams below represents the gradual geologic changes in layer X, located just below Earth’s surface.

Which type of sedimentary rock was formed at layer X?
(1) conglomerate
(2) shale
(3) rock salt
(4) coal

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

14.

Most water vapor enters the atmosphere by the processes of
(1) convection and radiation
(2) condensation and precipitation
(3) evaporation and transpiration
(4) erosion and conduction

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

15.

Glaciers often form parallel scratches and grooves in bedrock because glaciers
(1) deposit sediment in unsorted piles
(2) deposit rounded sand in V-shaped valleys
(3) continually melt and refreeze
(4) drag loose rocks over Earth’s surface

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

16.

Which graph correctly represents the three most abundant elements, by mass, in Earth’s crust?

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

17.

The photograph below shows actual crystal sizes in a light-colored igneous rock that contains several minerals, including potassium feldspar, quartz, and biotite mica.

The rock should be identified as
(1) granite
(2) gabbro
(3) basalt
(4) rhyolite

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

18.

Which weather station model shows the highest relative humidity?

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

19.

The graph below shows the average change in the elevation of a mountain range over time.

According to the graph, the rate of uplifting was greater than the rate of erosion during which geologic time period?
(1) Silurian
(2) Devonian
(3) Carboniferous
(4) Permian

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

20.

The photograph below shows an eroded plateau found in the southwestern United States.

The landscape was developed by the processes of
(1) crustal uplift and stream erosion
(2) crustal uplift and glacial erosion
(3) crustal folding and stream erosion
(4) crustal folding and glacial erosion

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

21.

At which latitude and longitude in New York State would a salt mine in Silurian-age bedrock most likely be located?
(1) 41° N 72° W
(2) 43° N 77° W 
(3) 44° N 74° W
(4) 44° N 76° W

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

22.

An unidentified mineral that is softer than calcite exhibits a metallic luster and cubic cleavage. This mineral most likely is
(1) galena
(2) pyrite 
(3) halite
(4) pyroxene

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

23.

The study of how seismic waves change as they travel through Earth has revealed that
(1) P-waves travel more slowly than S-waves through Earth’s crust
(2) seismic waves travel more slowly through the mantle because it is very dense
(3) Earth’s outer core is solid because P-waves are not transmitted through this layer
(4) Earth’s outer core is liquid because S-waves are not transmitted through this layer

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 

24.

The map below shows major streams in the New York State area. The bold lines mark off sections A through I within New York State.

The best title for the map would be
(1) “Tectonic Plate Boundaries in New York State”
(2) “Bedrock Geology Locations of New York State”
(3) “Landscape Regions of New York State”
(4) “Watershed Areas of New York State”

  1

  2

  3

  4

  Half-n-half Clue
 
Skip to Questions 25 - 26...


 
33 more pages in Earth Science - High School


Contact Info © 1999-2017 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-