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Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2012 Exam

   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review
: Multiple choice

Your Performance  

1.

Base your answers to questions 1 and 2 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

1 Based on the information shown on this map, in which region was the Middle Kingdom
  of Assyria located?
  (1) southwest Asia                      (3) South America
  (2) western Africa                      (4) western Europe

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  Half-n-half Clue
 

2.

2 The Middle Kingdom of Assyria was located in an area also known as the
  (1) subcontinent                       (3) Fertile Crescent
  (2) Holy Land                          (4) rooftop of the world

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3.

3 In studying the United Nations, an example of a
  secondary source would be
  (1) the charter establishing the United Nations
  (2) a speech written by the Secretary General for
      the 5oth anniversary of the United Nations
  (3) a description in an encyclopedia of the first
      session of the United Nations Security Council
  (4) photographs of the opening ceremonies at
      the original site of the United Nations

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4.

4 One way in which the people of the Tibetan
  kingdom and the people of the Inca Empire are
  similar is that they
  (1) developed coastal ports
  (2) adapted mountainous terrains
  (3) designed ships to conduct global trade
  (4) introduced camel caravans as their primary
      form of transportation

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5.

Base your answer to question 5 on the time line below and on your knowledge of social studies.

5 Based on this time line, which generalization can best be supported from the information
  presented?
  (1) By 1500, the Chinese were importing Western technology.
  (2) Isolationism prevented the Chinese from developing new inventions.
  (3) The Chinese successfully protected their inventions from Western spies.
  (4) Prior to 1500, Chinese technology surpassed that of the West.

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6.

6 What is one way in which animism, Shinto, and
  Daoism are similar?
  (1) emphasis on harmony with nature
  (2) monotheistic belief systems
  (3) belief in the idea of nirvana
  (4) reliance on the teachings of the Vedas

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7.

7 One role Korea had in the development of East
  Asia was
  (1) protecting China from a Japanese invasion
      along China’s western frontier
  (2) challenging Japan for control of Southeast
      Asian islands
  (3) allying itself with the Vietnamese to conquer
      China
  (4) passing cultural ideas from China to Japan

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8.

8 Which areas did the Mongols conquer and
  incorporate into their empire?
  (1) China, Russia, and Iran
  (2) Axum, Zimbabwe, and West Africa
  (3) Spain, France, and Egypt
  (4) Japan, India, and eastern Europe

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9.

9 What was one result of the Commercial
  Revolution in Europe?
  (1) decrease in the size of the middle class
  (2) expansion of the manor system
  (3) development of financial institutions
  (4) wider use of the barter system

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10.

10 Which factor contributed to Mali becoming a
   wealthy kingdom?
   (1) enforcement of mercantilist policies
   (2) alliances with the Hanseatic League
   (3) control of Mediterranean trade routes
   (4) dominance of the gold and salt trade

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11.

11 During the 14th century, the Black Death
   became a widespread epidemic primarily
   because of
   (1) the resurgence of trade
   (2) Chinese overseas exploration
   (3) European colonial policies
   (4) new agricultural practices

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12.

    Base your answers to questions 12 and 13 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   … Aside from female saints, the women described
   in the greatest detail by Byzantine authors are
   empresses and aristocrats. Although they had a
   certain amount of freedom, these women were
   held to very much the same standards as average
   women in Byzantine society: modesty, piety, and
   self-control were traits of an ideal woman. To
   preserve their modesty, young unmarried women
   rarely went out in public alone, and married
   women who did not have jobs outside the home
   left the house only for specific reasons, such as to
   go to the market, to church, or to the baths. By
   the middle Byzantine period, it was thought
   appropriate for women, when they did go out, to
   cover their heads.…
        — Molly Fulghum Heintz, “Work,” in Ioli Kalavrezou,
      Byzantine Women and Their World, Harvard University
                           Art Museums, 2003 (adapted)
12 What is the primary theme of this passage?
   (1) social mobility      (3) cultural values
   (2) economic interests   (4) natural rights

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13.

13 Which statement about Byzantine society is best
   supported by this passage?
   (1) Empresses and aristocrats were more
       important than female saints.
   (2) All women were expected to adhere to similar
       standards.
   (3) Most women had jobs outside the home.
   (4) Young unmarried women were encouraged to
       be independent.

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14.

14 Which factor most contributed to the cultural
   diversity of the Ottoman Empire?
   (1) legal system based on the Qur’an (Koran)
   (2) central location spanning Europe, Africa, and
       Asia
   (3) alliances with the Russians and Hapsburgs
   (4) reliance on colonies in the Americas

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15.

    Base your answers to questions 15 and 16 on the
speakers’ statements below and on your knowledge of
social studies.
Speaker A: The chief problem with the Roman
           Catholic Church is the practice of selling
           indulgences. The only way for Christians
           to receive salvation is through faith alone.
Speaker B: If Christians want to be saved, they
           should perform good deeds and ask for
           forgiveness of sins. The granting of
           indulgences allows Christians to be
           excused for their sins.
Speaker C: It is true that the Bible, and not
           members of the clergy, is the ultimate
           source of religious truth. However, God
           has already decided who will be saved
           and who will not.
Speaker D: Since the Pope does not agree with my
           position, I have decided to separate
           from the Roman Catholic Church. I am
           now not only the head of England but
           also of the Anglican Church.
15 Which speaker most closely reflects the ideas of
   Martin Luther?
   (1) A                   (3) C
   (2) B                   (4) D

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16.

16 Which speaker best supports the idea of
   predestination taught by John Calvin?
   (1) A                     (3) C
   (2) B                     (4) D

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17.

17 In the late 140os and early 150os, what was a
   major reason for the European voyages of
   exploration?
   (1) introduction of Enlightenment ideas
   (2) desire to control Constantinople
   (3) rapid industrialization
   (4) need for alternate trade routes

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18.

18 A study of the achievements of pre-Columbian
   Mesoamerican cultures would show that they
   (1) sustained dense populations through
       intensive agriculture
   (2) engaged in an extensive exploration of the
       Pacific Ocean
   (3) built vehicles with wheels to transport goods
   (4) developed rice paper and wood-block printing

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19.

    Base your answers to questions 19 and 20 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   … In addition, after the last battle they were afraid
   of the horses and guns, of our swords and crossbows
   and our good fighting. Above all was the great mercy
   of God, Who gave us the strength to keep on.…
     — Bernal Díaz del Castillo, The Bernal Díaz Chronicles,
                                     Doubleday & Company
19 In this passage about a conflict in Mexico, whose
   perspective is being expressed?
   (1) Aztec warrior
   (2) Spanish conquistador
   (3) Portuguese explorer
   (4) Inca emperor

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20.

20 According to this author, which factors were
   influencing the outcome of the conflict?
   (1) efficiency and education
   (2) climate and disease
   (3) tribute and tradition
   (4) technology and fear

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  Half-n-half Clue
 
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