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Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2016 Exam

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1.
                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
1 Historians rely on primary sources because these
  sources
  (1) are more detailed than secondary sources
  (2) provide eyewitness accounts of events
  (3) have the approval of religious authorities
  (4) establish rules for writing history
Answer: 2

2.
2 • Studies systems of government
  • Formulates public policy proposals
  • Analyzes election polls and results
  A person who specializes in these activities is called
  (1) an economist           (3) a sociologist
  (2) a political scientist  (4) an anthropologist
Answer: 2

3.
3 Which pair of countries is most affected by
  monsoons?
  (1) Ghana and Argentina
  (2) Algeria and Turkey
  (3) India and China
  (4) Cuba and Afghanistan
Answer: 3


4.
4 The Neolithic Revolution is seen as a turning
  point in human history mainly because
  (1) farming led to settled communities
  (2) people started using animal skins for clothing
  (3) copper was first used to improve stone tools
  (4) cave paintings recorded the activities of
      nomadic groups
Answer: 1

5.
5 Which action is most closely associated with the
  early Mesopotamian civilizations?
  (1) building floating gardens to grow corn
  (2) establishing representative democracies
  (3) developing a writing system using cuneiform
  (4) constructing Hindu temples
Answer: 3

6.
6 Which two major regions were directly connected
  by the Silk Road?
  (1) Europe and South America
  (2) Central America and Africa
  (3) Asia and Africa
  (4) Asia and Europe
Answer: 4

7.
7 The belief systems of Daoism, Shinto, and animism
  stress
  (1) harmony with nature to live in peace
  (2) acceptance of monotheism to achieve salvation
  (3) proper behavior to maintain social order
  (4) obedience to caste rules to achieve moksha
Answer: 1

8.
8 • Justinian imposes new code of law.
  • Completion of Hagia Sophia adds beauty to
    Constantinople.
  • Greco-Roman tradition preserved.
  Which empire is described in these statements?
  (1) Byzantine            (3) Mauryan
  (2) Persian              (4) Ottoman
Answer: 1

9.
9 What was one effect of the expansion of Islam
  between 632 and 750?
  (1) Armed conquest was forbidden by the caliphs.
  (2) Cultural and commercial connections were
      established over a sizable region.
  (3) A majority of the western European
      population converted.
  (4) A single centralized authority governed an
      area from the Mediterranean Sea to the
      Indus River.
Answer: 2

10.
10 What was a final outcome of the Crusades?
   (1) The Seljuk Turks conquered Spain.
   (2) Jerusalem remained under the control of
       Muslims.
   (3) Charlemagne established the Frankish Empire.
   (4) The pope became the leader of the Eastern
       Orthodox Church.
Answer: 2

11.
Base your answer to question 11 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.
11 Based on the information in this chart, which statement best summarizes the influence
   of Mongol rule in Russia, Persia, and China?
   (1) Local officials were allowed to rule throughout the Mongol Empire.
   (2) The Mongols demanded that those who were conquered convert to Islam.
   (3) The Mongols used various methods to rule the different people they conquered.
   (4) Civil service examinations were used to select government officials in all conquered areas.
Answer: 3

12.
12 Which statement about the bubonic plague in the
   14th century is most accurate?
   (1) Improved sanitation systems eliminated the
       threat of the plague.
   (2) Advances in medicine halted the spread of
       the plague.
   (3) Trade between Europe and Asia stopped just
       before the plague began.
   (4) The death toll from the plague led to labor
       shortages.
Answer: 4

13.
13 What is a major reason the Renaissance began in
   the Italian city-states?
   (1) The Rhine River provided power to Italian
       industries.
   (2) The Alps isolated these city-states from the
       rest of Europe.
   (3) The Mediterranean location of these city-
       states encouraged trade.
   (4) The favorable climate of Italy led to a reliance
       on agricultural products.
Answer: 3

14.
    Base your answer to question 14 on the dialogue
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …“Then I must remain loyal to Lord Akiyama,
   regardless of what he does — even if he is disloyal
   to Lord Takeda?” I asked.
      “Certainly!” There was no shade of doubt in
   Kansuke’s reply. “Your lord is like your father, you
   must follow him wherever he leads, even into
   death, to the road to the west.”…
             — Erik Christian Haugaard, The Samurai’s Tale,
                                          Houghton Mifflin
14 Which traditional belief is being expressed in this
   excerpt from The Samurai’s Tale?
   (1) reincarnation           (3) hajj
   (2) bushido                 (4) nirvana
Answer: 2

15.
Base your answer to question 15 on the illustration below and on your knowledge of social studies.
15 To achieve the degree of development shown, the Aztecs first had to
   (1) invent wheeled vehicles to move construction materials
   (2) use domesticated animals to assist in agriculture
   (3) establish an organized government and a specialized work force
   (4) adopt advanced engineering techniques diffused from European cultures
Answer: 3

16.
16 The kingdoms of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai were
   all able to achieve golden ages in part because of
   their
   (1) reliance on sugar plantations in the Niger delta
   (2) control of trans-Saharan trade routes
   (3) discovery of oil reserves in the Gulf of Guinea
   (4) ability to use the natural harbors on the
        Atlantic Ocean coast
Answer: 2

17.
17 By the late 1500s, the Ottoman Empire governed
   an area that extended from
   (1) southwestern Asia to eastern Europe and into
       northern Africa
   (2) the Arabian Peninsula across northern Africa
       and into southern Spain
   (3) Mongolia across the central Asian kingdoms
   (4) the Indian subcontinent to the Straits of
       Malacca
Answer: 1

18.
Base your answer to question 18 on the document excerpts below and on your knowledge of social studies.
18 Based on these excerpts, which action would most likely be supported by Olympe
   de Gouges?
   (1) executing the king                  (3) creating more radical military strategies
   (2) restricting access to education     (4) expanding the definition of equality
Answer: 4

19.
19 Which change is most closely associated with
   Peter the Great of Russia?
   (1) establishment of Moscow as the capital city
   (2) extension of Russia’s borders to the Northern
       Caucuses and Ukraine
   (3) westernization and modernization of the
       country
   (4) emancipation of the serfs on private estates
Answer: 3

20.
20 What was an economic result of the Columbian
   exchange?
   (1) establishment of a feudal land system in
       Europe
   (2) development of a European-dominated
       global trade network
   (3) introduction of slash-and-burn farming
       techniques in the Americas
   (4) creation of the Hanseatic League
Answer: 2


21.
21 Which term is defined as land grants and taxation
   policies used in colonial Latin America by the
   Spanish to provide labor in the fields?
   (1) encomienda system (3) Middle Passage
   (2) mercantilism           (4) capitalism
Answer: 1

22.
22 Which heading best completes the partial outline
   below?
(1)   Congress of Vienna
(2)   Scramble for Africa
(3)   Age of Absolutism
(4)   Unification of Germany
Answer: 4

23.
23 The primary purpose of both the Suez and the
   Panama canals was to
   (1) control immigration to the colonies
   (2) limit the slave trade
   (3) expand irrigation systems
   (4) decrease the distance of trade routes
Answer: 4

24.
Base your answer to question 24 on the drawing below and on your knowledge of social studies.
24 This 1852 drawing most likely would have been used to argue for improvements in
   (1) workhouse rules                     (3) factory conditions
   (2) sanitation regulations              (4) suffrage laws
Answer: 2

25.
    Base your answers to questions 25 and 26 on the
passage below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   …Economic reforms included a unified modern
   currency based on the yen, banking, commercial
   and tax laws, stock exchanges, and a
   communications network. Establishment of a
   modern institutional framework conducive to an
   advanced capitalist economy took time but was
   completed by the 1890s. By this time, the
   government had largely relinquished direct
   control of the modernization process, primarily
   for budgetary reasons. Many of the former
   daimyo, whose pensions had been paid in a lump
   sum, benefited greatly through investments they
   made in emerging industries. Those who had
   been informally involved in foreign trade before
   the Meiji Restoration also flourished. Old bakufu-
   serving firms that clung to their traditional ways
   failed in the new business environment.…
            — Japan: A Country Study, Library of Congress
25 According to this passage, what was this country
   trying to do?
   (1) provide benefits to the daimyo
   (2) develop a safety net for traditional businesses
   (3) become an industrialized nation-state
   (4) relinquish control over foreign trade
Answer: 3

26.
26 Which set of factors directly advanced the
   modernization process described in this passage?
   (1) isolationist policies, taxation policies, lump
       sum payments
   (2) capital investments, government influences,
       economic reforms
   (3) foreign trade, direct governmental control,
       old bakufu-serving firms
   (4) communication networks, customary practices,
       revoking pensions
Answer: 2

27.
27 The Armenian massacre (1910s) and the forced
   famine in Ukraine (1930s) are examples of
   (1) international terrorism
   (2) religious conflicts
   (3) guerrilla warfare
   (4) human rights violations
Answer: 4

28.
28 Censorship, a one-party dictatorship, and the
   replacement of religious ideals with those of the
   state are all characteristics of a
   (1) democratic government
   (2) limited monarchy
   (3) totalitarian government
   (4) parliamentary system
Answer: 3

29.
29 The primary purpose of Joseph Stalin’s five-year
   plans was to
   (1) increase agricultural and industrial output
   (2) limit the wealth of the upper class
   (3) increase the production of consumer goods
   (4) limit immigration of ethnic minorities
Answer: 1

30.
30 During the 1930s, Japan’s policy of imperialism
   was primarily driven by
   (1) revenge for the bombing of its cities
   (2) the need for natural resources
   (3) a desire to retain its traditional values
   (4) a determination to spread Zen Buddhism
Answer: 2

31.
31 • Great Leap Forward
   • Cultural Revolution
   • Four Modernizations
   All of these policies are associated with
   (1) India                    (3) Chile
   (2) Italy                    (4) China
Answer: 4

32.
32 In which region are most member-nations of the
   Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries
   (OPEC) located?
   (1) Latin America        (3) Middle East
   (2) Europe               (4) East Asia
Answer: 3

33.
    Base your answer to question 33 on the cartoon
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
33 What is the main idea of this 1998 cartoon?
   (1) The United States is successfully directing
       Russia’s economic changes.
   (2) Russia is having difficulty changing from
       communism to capitalism.
   (3) Most Russians support a return to
       communism.
   (4) The Russian government has failed to
       maintain order.
Answer: 2

34.
34 The Universal Declaration of Human Rights was
   written in response to
   (1) atrocities committed during World War II
   (2) the burning of Hutu homes in Rwanda
   (3) demands for better treatment of Latin
       American peasants in Guatemala
   (4) the forced migrations of city people under the
       rule of the Khmer Rouge
Answer: 1

35.
35 The 20th-century term Green Revolution refers
   to significant advancements made in the field of
   (1) electronic communication
   (2) food production
   (3) zero population growth
   (4) biological warfare
Answer: 2


36.
    Base your answer to question 36 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   …They stood in the voting queues [lines]
   together—white, black, Colored, Indian—and
   they discovered that they were compatriots
   [countrymen]. White South Africans found that a
   heavy weight of guilt had been lifted from their
   shoulders. They are discovering what we used to
   tell them—that freedom is indivisible, that black
   liberation inexorably [inevitably] meant white
   liberation. We have seen a miracle unfolding
   before our very eyes—it is a dream coming true.
   It is a victory for all South Africans. It is a victory
   for democracy and freedom.…
     — Bishop Desmond Tutu, The Rainbow People of God:
                    The Making of a Peaceful Revolution
36 The event described in this passage signifies the
   end of which policy?
   (1) apartheid            (3) colonialism
   (2) détente              (4) appeasement
Answer: 1

37.
    Base your answer to question 37 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
    JOHANNESBURG—Africa is often depicted as
    a place of war, disease and poverty, with a begging
    bowl extended to the world. But a new report
    paints a much more optimistic portrait of a
    continent with growing national economies and
    an expanding consumer class that offers foreign
    investors the highest rates of return in the
    developing world.…
    — “Report Offers Optimistic View of Africa’s Economies,”
                            New York Times, June 24, 2010
37 What additional evidence would best support the
   argument in this passage?
   (1) a rise in poverty rates for most African countries
   (2) increases in the mortality rate of African children
   (3) growth in the gross domestic product for
       some African countries
   (4) continuously high inflation rates throughout
       Africa
Answer: 3

38.
Base your answer to question 38 on the map and graph below and on your knowledge of social studies.
38 Based on the information provided by this map and graph, which statement is accurate?
   (1) Women have gained national leadership positions only in Western democracies.
   (2) The political power of women has declined steadily since the 1960s.
   (3) Women national leaders have been dominant in African governments.
   (4) Women have been national leaders in nearly every world region.
Answer: 4

39.
Base your answer to question 39 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
39 What is the main idea of this cartoon?
   (1) After the earthquake, the government of Haiti responded quickly to the needs of the
       people.
   (2) The people of Haiti had been facing serious economic problems before the 2010
       earthquake.
   (3) The earthquake of 2010 brought financial relief to the people of Haiti.
   (4) Although the earthquake resulted in massive property damage, few Haitians were
       injured or lost their lives.
Answer: 2

40.
40 “Cambodia’s Highest Court Begins Review of
    Election Complaints”
   “Incumbent Declared Winner in Kenya’s Disputed
    Election”
   “Robert Mugabe Vote-Rigging Allegations Mar
    Zimbabwe Elections”
   These headlines illustrate that in some countries
   there is an ongoing struggle to
   (1) create fair democratic processes
   (2) protect freedom of the press
   (3) establish courts that are unbiased
   (4) guarantee freedom of assembly
Answer: 1

41.
41 The title of the article “Can Minority Languages
   be Saved?” in The Futurist magazine best
   suggests the conflict of
   (1) productivity vs. income
   (2) liberty vs. dictatorship
   (3) religion vs. secularism
   (4) globalization vs. diversity
Answer: 4

42.
42 What was a major reason the cities of Babylon,
   Harappa, and Kiev became important centers of
   civilization?
   (1) River valley trade made them key economic
        areas.
   (2) Their control of nearby straits made them
        powerful.
   (3) Direct access to the ocean made them
        pilgrimage sites.
   (4) Their locations near mountain passes made
        them gateways to other regions.
Answer: 1

43.
43 • Galileo used the telescope and challenged the
     teachings of the day.
   • Sir Isaac Newton discovered the laws of gravity.
   • Copernicus determined that the Sun is the
     center of the universe.
   Which period is most directly associated with
   these events?
   (1) Early Middle Ages
   (2) Scientific Revolution
   (3) Protestant Reformation
   (4) Industrial Revolution
Answer: 2

44.
44 Which of these technological innovations was
   developed first?
   (1) steam engine       (3) wooden plow
   (2) gunpowder          (4) caravel
Answer: 3

45.
45 • King James II of England flees to France.
   • William and Mary ascend the English throne.
   • English Bill of Rights established.
   Which event in English history is most directly
   associated with these actions?
   (1) founding of the Anglican Church
   (2) defeat of the Spanish Armada
   (3) Glorious Revolution
   (4) Puritan Revolution
Answer: 3

46.
     Base your answer to question 46 on the speakers’
statements below and on your knowledge of social studies.
Speaker A: Trade fairs and guilds emerged during
           my lifetime. I traveled from town to
           town to trade with artisans and to find
           new products imported from the east
           along established trade routes.
Speaker B: National boundaries and loyalties
           became less important during my
           lifetime. Many countries eliminated
           tariffs and a new international trading
           organization was created.
Speaker C: Our family worked independently on
           our own land. We grew enough food to
           feed ourselves and met nearly all of our
           needs through our own labor.
46 Which topic is the main focus of these speakers’
   statements?
   (1) citizenship          (3) human rights
   (2) urbanization         (4) economics
Answer: 4

47.
47 A comparison of the French Revolution (1789)
   and the Russian Revolution (1917) illustrates that
   (1) political and economic inequalities often lead
       to demands for change
   (2) democratic governments generally result
       from revolutions
   (3) revolutions are based on a single grievance
   (4) privatization eventually leads to class struggle
Answer: 1

48.
48 A goal of the Sepoy Rebellion in India and of the
   Zulu Resistance in South Africa was to
   (1) divide their country
   (2) establish theocratic governments
   (3) oppose nationalist movements
   (4) end foreign control
Answer: 4

49.
Base your answers to questions 49 and 50 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
49 This cartoonist is commenting on international politics immediately after which
   conflict?
   (1) the Napoleonic Wars                  (3) World War II
   (2) World War I                          (4) the Cold War
Answer: 2

50.
50 This cartoonist is suggesting the League of Nations will fail because
   (1) France and England control the keystone
   (2) the United States is relying too much on England and Italy for support
   (3) the United States has not become a member
   (4) England and Italy do not want help from Belgium and France
Answer: 3


51.
           Answers to the essay questions are to be written in the separate essay booklet.
In developing your answer to Part II, be sure to keep these general definitions in mind:
        (a) explain means “to make plain or understandable; to give reasons for or causes of;
            to show the logical development or relationships of”
        (b) discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning, and
            argument; to present in some detail”
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Human and Physical Geography
                 Natural geographic features sometimes present challenges for societies. Societies
                 have used various technological innovations to overcome these challenges
                 resulting in change.
        Task:
                 Select two natural geographic features that presented challenges to a society and
                 for each
                 • Explain why this natural geographic feature presented a challenge for a society
                 • Discuss changes brought about by the use of technological innovations to
                    overcome the challenge presented by this geographic feature
            You may use any natural geographic feature from your study of global history and
        geography. Some natural geographic features you might wish to consider include the Atlantic
        Ocean (caravel), Andes Mountains (roads), Sahara Desert (camel caravans), Amazon rain
        forest (fire/cutting equipment), Russia’s tundra (specialized drilling equipment), Indian Ocean
        monsoons (lateen sail), China’s eastern flowing rivers (Grand Canal), and Nile River flooding
        (dams).
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
                  Do not use natural geographic features that presented challenges
                                for the United States in your answer.
        Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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52.
NAME _______            SCHOOL _______
                                                 Part III
                                  DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the
purposes of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each
document and any point of view that may be presented in the document. Keep in mind that the
language used in a document may reflect the historical context of the time in which it was written.
       Historical Context:
              After World War II, Germany, Palestine, and British India were divided for
              various reasons. Each division has affected the people of this region, the region, and
              other countries.
       Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
             answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your answers to the
             questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be asked to
                Choose two regions mentioned in the historical context and for each
                • Describe the historical circumstances that led to the division
                • Discuss how the division of this region has affected people of this region, the
                  region, and/or other countries
In developing your answers to Part III, be sure to keep these general definitions in mind:
       (a) describe means “to illustrate something in words or tell about it”
       (b) discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning, and
           argument; to present in some detail”
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
1 Based on this map, identify one territory annexed by Germany between 1938 and 1939. [1]
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54.
2 Based on these maps, identify two impacts World War II had on Germany. [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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55.
Document 3a
      …After World War II, West Berlin was an island behind the Iron Curtain, a besieged outpost
      of western powers.
          East Berliners began to move to West Berlin in their droves. In fact before the
      construction of the Wall, an estimated 2,000 people a week were moving from East to West.…
          The building of a barrier between East and West happened in the dead of night and was
      shrouded in total secrecy.…
          In the early hours of 13th August 1961 a barrier was put in place, essentially imprisoning
      a community of 17 million people [in East Germany].…
                                                        Source: “Building the Berlin Wall,” BBC World Service
3 Based on these documents, state one result the construction of the Berlin Wall had on the people of Berlin. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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56.
Document 4
        November 2nd, 1917
        Dear Lord Rothschild,
            I have much pleasure in conveying to you, on behalf of His Majesty’s Government
        [British], the following declaration of sympathy with Jewish Zionist aspirations which has been
        submitted to, and approved by, the Cabinet.
            “His Majesty’s Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national
        home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement
        of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice
        [harm] the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the
        rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”
            I should be grateful if you would bring this declaration to the knowledge of the Zionist
        Federation.
            Yours sincerely,
            Arthur James Balfour
                                                                            Source: Balfour Declaration, 1917
4a According to the Balfour Declaration, what support does the British government offer to the Jewish people
   in 1917? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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57.
b According to the Balfour Declaration, what assurance does the British government make to the non-Jewish
  communities in Palestine? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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58.
Document 5a
   …The territory was plagued with chronic
   unrest pitting native Arabs against Jewish
   immigrants (who now made up about a
   third [of] the population, owning about 6%
   of the land). The situation had become
   more critical with the displacement of
   hundreds of thousands of Jews fleeing the
   Nazi persecution in Europe. Some six
   million Jews were killed in the Holocaust
   during World War II.
       The UN set up a special committee
   which recommended splitting the territory
   into separate Jewish and Palestinian states.
   Palestinian representatives, known as the
   Arab Higher Committee, rejected the
   proposal; their counterparts in the Jewish
   Agency accepted it.
       The partition plan gave 56.47% of [the
   British Mandate of] Palestine to the Jewish
   state and 43.53% to the Arab state, with an
   international enclave around Jerusalem. On
   29 November 1947, 33 countries of the UN
   General Assembly voted for partition, 13
   voted against and 10 abstained. The plan,
   which was rejected by the Palestinians, was
   never implemented.…
                                 Source: BBC News
5a According to the BBC News, what is one reason for the recommended division of Palestine? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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59.
b Based on the borders shown on this map, what is one problem that could result from the United Nations
  plan for partition? [1]
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60.
6 Based on this chart, state one result of the failure of the 1947 United Nations plan for partition in the
  Israeli-Palestinian region. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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61.
Document 7
                                          The Muslim League
            Not all Indians agreed with the approach or the goals of the Congress Party.
       Many Muslims were uneasy with what they felt was the religious element of the Congress
       Party. Gandhi’s strategies were seen by many Muslims to be Hindu-based—for example,
       his use of fasting and non-violent protest. More than merely pro-Hindu, the Congress Party
       was seen as anti-Muslim.
            Increasing sectarianism led even moderate Muslim leaders to grow wary of working with
       Congress. Some feared that a representative democracy, like Great Britain’s, would not work
       in India. They believed the Hindu majority would overwhelm the Muslim minority. Some also
       felt that Muslims had fallen behind Hindus in formal education, which was now based upon
       English instead of Persian. Muslims also participated far less in commerce, industry, and
       local government.…
                                    Source: Indian Independence and the Question of Pakistan, Choices Program,
                                                       Watson Institute for International Studies, Brown University
7 According to this excerpt, what is one reason some Muslims were distrustful of the Congress Party? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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62.
8 Based on this map, state one impact of the partition of India. [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
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63.
Document 9b
    This is an excerpt from an interview with Mohammad Sadiq, a Kashmiri hotel manager. The hotel is located
in Kargil in the Indian-administered area of Kashmir.
        I have been running the Siachen Hotel in the town of Kargil for the past 17 years. It was
        inaugurated [opened] in 1986.
        Business this year [2002] has been the worst ever because of the border tension between India
        and Pakistan. There have hardly been any foreign tourists and we had many people calling us
        from overseas to cancel their bookings.
        This is a major transit point for mountaineers who enjoy trekking in the Himalayas. But this
        year the tourists have kept away and we have been wiped out.
        Since the Kargil conflict between India and Pakistan in 1999 things improved a bit. Last year
        tourist traffic picked up. But not this year.
        We desperately need India and Pakistan to sort things out once and for all. There has been
        too much violence and we need to put an end to it quickly.
        Things are particularly bad for us because we are right on the frontline.
        We are at the receiving end of Pakistan’s heavy shelling and it has destroyed our lives.
        Every time there is an increase in tension between the two countries, we come under heavy
        bombing.
        We have to leave our homes, our belongings, our lives. It disrupts us and we have suffered as
        a result.…
                                                                Source: “Voices from Kashmir,” 2003 BBC News
 9 Based on these documents, what are two results of the border tensions between India and Pakistan? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


64.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least four documents to support your response. Support your response with
            relevant facts, examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                After World War II, Germany, Palestine, and British India were divided for
                various reasons. Each division has affected the people of this region, the region, and
                other countries.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history,
               write an essay in which you
                 Choose two regions mentioned in the historical context and for each
                 • Describe the historical circumstances that led to the division
                 • Discuss how the division of this region has affected people of this region, the
                   region, and/or other countries
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to:
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least four documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents June 2016 Exam


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