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History : History Vocabulary II

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HISTORICAL WORD : MEANING
  • acropolis : fortress or elevated part of Greek city, especially Athens
  • archipelago : group of islands
  • aristocracy : government headed by privileged class or nobility
  • armistice : end of hostilities in a war
  • assassination : killing by treacherous violence
  • astrolabe : instrument formerly used to calculate altitudes and locations
  • autocracy : government in which the ruler has absolute, unlimited power
  • banner : flag of country, king, knight, army especially in battle
  • blitzkrieg : intensive attack; lightning warfare practised by Nazi German armies
  • citadel : fortress protecting a city
  • clan : family group with a common ancestor
  • communism : form of complete socialism with public ownership of all land, means of production and goods
  • democracy : government by the people where citizens have voting and ruling powers
  • empire : group of territories controlled by an emperor
  • feud : lasting hostility between two families or tribes
  • genocide : killing or extermination of a whole race or nation
  • government : group of persons who together make laws and govern a State
  • guerrilla, guerilla : irregular war by small bodies
  • hegemony : leadership or dominance of one nation over others
  • holocaust : killing of millions of Jews by Nazis during WWII; wholesale sacrifice or destruction by fire
  • idol : image used as object of worship; often God carved in stone or wood
  • illiteracy : inability to read or write; need for learning
  • invasion : hostile attack and encroachment of city or country
  • laissez faire : government abstention from interference with the economy and individual action
  • mace : hammer-like weapon of medieval times
  • manor : land and its rights held by the lord during the feudal period
  • militarism : glorification of or reliance on military forces and prepared for war
  • monarch : imperial or royal ruler with complete authority
  • monarchy : government, system or State under a single imperial or royal ruler
  • monopoly : exclusive control of the trade in a certain product
  • neutral : impartial in a dispute or taking neither side
  • pilgrimage : journey to a holy place for religious reasons
  • plantation : estate for cultivation
  • prophet : inspired teacher who predicts future or interprets God's will
  • regicide : killing of a king
  • revolution : forcible replacement of government or overthrowing of ruler
  • sacrifice : killing of a victim as an offering to the Gods
  • savannah : grassy plains in tropical regions of America
  • scarcity : insufficiency or inadequate supply
  • serf : laborer bound to and transferred with the land
  • slave : helpless person made to do hard work and who is the property of the master
  • theocracy : government or State where God is sovereign, religion is law, and priests are kings
  • tribe : group of persons under recognized chiefs

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