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History : History Vocabulary II

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HISTORICAL WORDMEANING
acropolisfortress or elevated part of Greek city, especially Athens
archipelagogroup of islands
aristocracygovernment headed by privileged class or nobility
armisticeend of hostilities in a war
assassinationkilling by treacherous violence
astrolabeinstrument formerly used to calculate altitudes and locations
autocracygovernment in which the ruler has absolute, unlimited power
bannerflag of country, king, knight, army especially in battle
blitzkriegintensive attack; lightning warfare practised by Nazi German armies
citadelfortress protecting a city
clanfamily group with a common ancestor
communismform of complete socialism with public ownership of all land, means of production and goods
democracygovernment by the people where citizens have voting and ruling powers
empiregroup of territories controlled by an emperor
feudlasting hostility between two families or tribes
genocidekilling or extermination of a whole race or nation
governmentgroup of persons who together make laws and govern a State
guerrilla, guerillairregular war by small bodies
hegemonyleadership or dominance of one nation over others
holocaustkilling of millions of Jews by Nazis during WWII; wholesale sacrifice or destruction by fire
idolimage used as object of worship; often God carved in stone or wood
illiteracyinability to read or write; need for learning
invasionhostile attack and encroachment of city or country
laissez fairegovernment abstention from interference with the economy and individual action
macehammer-like weapon of medieval times
manorland and its rights held by the lord during the feudal period
militarismglorification of or reliance on military forces and prepared for war
monarchimperial or royal ruler with complete authority
monarchygovernment, system or State under a single imperial or royal ruler
monopolyexclusive control of the trade in a certain product
neutralimpartial in a dispute or taking neither side
pilgrimagejourney to a holy place for religious reasons
plantationestate for cultivation
prophetinspired teacher who predicts future or interprets God's will
regicidekilling of a king
revolutionforcible replacement of government or overthrowing of ruler
sacrificekilling of a victim as an offering to the Gods
savannahgrassy plains in tropical regions of America
scarcityinsufficiency or inadequate supply
serflaborer bound to and transferred with the land
slavehelpless person made to do hard work and who is the property of the master
theocracygovernment or State where God is sovereign, religion is law, and priests are kings
tribegroup of persons under recognized chiefs

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