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Cardinal Numbers : English - Japanese Kanji Translation Game
(Keisū : Eigo - Nihongo Kanji Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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Try the Quiz : CARDINAL NUMBERS (KEISŪ)

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Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Mostof the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakanais used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages(except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are a phonetic representation of sound, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of  Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'Little Theresa is six years old' is written in :

Japanese Romaji : Teresa chan wa roku sai desu ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) :  テレサちゃんです。; where
Kanji = (roku = six), (sai = years old) ; Katakana = テレサ(Teresa = Theresa) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : テレサちゃんろくさいです。
Note - The Kanjis in the sentence written in Japanese traditional, and are replaced by their hiragana equivalents ろく (roku) andさい(sai) respectively.

Exceptions :
'I am 20 years old' is said in Japanese as : Watashi wa hatachi desu. (not Watashi wa nijū sai desu) 

The pattern after 20 is : 21 = nijuuichi; 22 = nijuuni and so on. The same pattern follows upto hundred.
Hundred 100 = hyaku. 200 = ni hyaku. However there are 3 exceptions to this : 
300 = sanbyaku ; 600 = roppyaku and 800 = happyaku. The rest follow hyaku. Likewise thousand = sen. 2000 = ni sen, but 3000 = sanzen and 8000 = hassen

Note :
'Chan' is used as a suffix to a child's name and is the equivalent of Miss and Master. 

(ha) is read (wa) only when it is used as the particle attached to the noun or the subject of a sentence.
In other words, one writes not for the particle wa(wa) is always used after the subject.
In the example above, (wa) comes after the subject Teresa テレサ.

Romaji Vocabulary  Hiragana Vocabulary   Katakana Vocabulary  Kanji Vocabulary  

Hiragana Alphabets   Katakana Alphabets   Kanji Characters Tables



Keisū - Rei kara Jyūkyū ni (Numbers from Zero to Nineteen)

Numbers in English (Keisū Eigo de) : Numbers in Japanese Kanji (Keisū Nihongo Kanji de) : Romaji & Hiragana Scripts
  • zero :
    - Romaji : rei 
    Hiragana : れい 

  • one :
    - Romaji : ichi
    Hiragana : いち

  • two :
    - Romaji : ni
    Hiragana : に

  • three :
    - Romaji : san
    Hiragana : さん

  • four :
    - Romaji : shi, yon
    Hiragana : し, よん

  • five :
    - Romaji : go
    Hiragana : ご

  • six :
    - Romaji : roku
    Hiragana : ろく

  • seven :
    - Romaji : shichi, nana
    Hiragana : しち, なな

  • eight :
    - Romaji : hachi
    Hiragana : はち

  • nine :
    - Romaji : ku, kyū
    Hiragana : く, きゅう

  • ten :
    - Romaji : jū
    Hiragana :じゅう

  • eleven : 十一
    - Romaji : jūichi
    Hiragana :じゅういち

  • twelve : 十二
    - Romaji : jūni
    Hiragana :じゅうに

  • thirteen : 十三
    - Romaji : jūsan
    Hiragana :じゅうさん

  • fourteen : 十四
    - Romaji : jūshi, jūyon ; Hiragana :じゅうし, じゅうよん

  • fifteen : 十五
    - Romaji : jūgo
    Hiragana :じゅうご

  • sixteen : 十六
    - Romaji : jūroku
    Hiragana :じゅうろく

  • seventeen : 十七
    - Romaji : jūshichi, jūnana
    Hiragana :じゅうしち, じゅうなな

  • eighteen : 十八
    - Romaji : jūhachi
    Hiragana :じゅうはち

  • nineteen : 十九
    - Romaji : jūkyū
    Hiragana :じゅうきゅう


Sonota no Keisū (Miscellaneous Numbers)

Numbers in English (Keisū Eigo de) : Numbers in Japanese Kanji (Keisū Nihongo Kanji de) : Romaji & Hiragana Scripts
  • twenty : 二十
    - Romaji : nijū
    Hiragana : にじゅう

  • thirty : 三十
    - Romaji : sanjū
    Hiragana : さんじゅう

  • forty : 四十
    - Romaji : yonjū, shijū
    Hiragana :よんじゅう, しじゅう

  • fifty : 五十
    - Romaji : gojū
    Hiragana : ごじゅう

  • sixty : 六十
    - Romaji : rokujū
    Hiragana : ろくじゅう

  • seventy : 七十
    - Romaji : shichijū, nanajū
    Hiragana :しちじゅう, ななじゅう

  • eighty : 八十
    - Romaji : hachijū
    Hiragana : はちじゅう

  • ninety : 九十
    - Romaji : kyūjū
    Hiragana : きゅうじゅう

  • hundred :
    - Romaji : hyaku
    Hiragana : ひゃく

  • thousand :
    - Romaji : sen
    Hiragana : せん

  • million : 百万
    - Romaji : hyakuman
    Hiragana : ひゃくまん



Try the Quiz : CARDINAL NUMBERS (KEISŪ)


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