Syvum Home Page

Home > Quiz Games > English - Japanese Translation Games (Eigo - Nihongo Hon'yaku Gēmu) > Print Preview

Basic Words : English - Japanese Hiragana Translation Game
(Kihon-Teki na Kotoba : Eigo - Nihongo Hiragana Hon'yaku Gēmu)

Formats Japanese Course Japanese Worksheets Reverse Worksheet / Test Paper Quiz English - Japanese Reverse Quiz Review
Table | List

Try the Quiz : BASIC WORDS (KIHON-TEKI NA KOTOBA)

About Button apid Just what you need to know!
eview



Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Mostof the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakana is used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages (except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are phonetic representations of sound, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana /  Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'There is a lake in Geneva.' is written in :

Japanese Romaji : Junēbu ni mizūmi ga arimasu ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) : ジュネーブが あります; where
Kanji = (mizūmi = lake) ; Katakana = ジュネーブ (Junēbu = Geneva) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : ジュネーブみずうみが あります
The Kanji in the sentence written in Japanese traditional, is replaced its hiragana equivalent みずうみ.

Note : Lake becomes 'ko' when attached to a place name. ex. Lake Geneva = Junēbu ko (not Junēbu mizūmi). 

Romaji Vocabulary   Hiragana Vocabulary  Katakana Vocabulary  Kanji Vocabulary

Hiragana Alphabets  Katakana Alphabets  Kanji Characters Tables




KAZOKU (FAMILY)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba) : Japanese Hiragana word (Nihongo Hiragana no Kotoba) : Romaji & Kanji Scripts
  • father : おとうさん
    - Romaji : otōsan
    Kanji :

  • mother : おかさん
    - Romaji : okasan
    Kanji :

  • brother : おにいさん
    - Romaji : onīsan
    Kanji :

  • sister : おねえさん
    - Romaji : onēsan
    Kanji : 姉妹

  • son : むすこ, おぼっちゃん
    - Romaji : musuko, obotchan
    Kanji : 息子

  • daughter : むすめ, おじょうさん
    - Romaji : musume, ojōsan
    Kanji :

  • husband  : おっと
    - Romaji : otto
    Kanji :

  • wife : つま
    - Romaji : tsuma
    Kanji :

  • uncle : おじさん
    - Romaji : ojisan
    Kanji : 叔父

  • aunt : おばさん
    - Romaji : obasan
    Kanji : 叔母

  • child :
    - Romaji : ko
    Kanji :

  • grandfather : おじいさん
    - Romaji : ojīsan
    Kanji : 御祖父さん

  • grandmother : おばあさん
    - Romaji : obāsan
    Kanji : 祖母さん

  • I : わたし
    - Romaji : watashi
    Kanji :

  • we : わたしたち
    - Romaji : watashitachi
    Kanji : 私達

  • he : かれ
    - Romaji : kare
    Kanji :

  • she : かのじょ
    - Romaji : kanojyo
    Kanji : 彼女


MACHI NAKA (IN TOWN)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba) : Japanese Hiragana word (Nihongo Hiragana no Kotoba) : Romaji & Kanji Scripts
  • airport : くうこう
    - Romaji : kūkō
    Kanji : 空港

  • bank : ぎんこう
    - Romaji : ginkō
    Kanji : 銀行

  • cafeteria : しょくどう
    - Romaji : shokudō 
    Kanji : 食堂

  • cinema theater, movie theater : えいがかん
    - Romaji : eigakan
    Kanji : 映画館

  • college, university : だいがく
    - Romaji : daigaku
    Kanji : 大学

  • company : かいしゃ
    - Romaji : kaisha 
    Kanji : 会社

  • garden, park : にわ
    - Romaji : niwa 
    Kanji :

  • hospital :  びょういん
    - Romaji : byōin
    Kanji : 病院

  • hotel : りょかん
    - Romaji : ryokan 
    Kanji : 旅館

  • Information center : あんないじょ
    - Romaji : annaijo 
    Kanji : 案内所

  • library : としょかん
    - Romaji : toshokan 
    Kanji : 図書館

  • market : いちば
    - Romaji : ichiba 
    Kanji : 市場

  • museum : はくぶつかん
    - Romaji : hakubutsukan 
    Kanji : 博物館

  • office : じむしょ
    - Romaji : jimusho 
    Kanji : 事務所

  • school : がっこう
    - Romaji : gakkō
    Kanji : 学校

  • station : えき
    - Romaji : eki 
    Kanji :

  • pharmacy, chemist : やっきょく
    - Romaji : yakkyoku  ; Kanji : 駅

  • Police : けいさつ
    - Romaji : keisatsu 
    Kanji : 薬局

  • zoo : どうぶつえん
    - Romaji : dōbutsuen 
    Kanji : 動物園


ZATTA NO KOTOBA (MISCELLANEOUS WORDS)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba) : Japanese Hiragana word (Nihongo Hiragana no Kotoba) : Romaji & Kanji Scripts

  • morning : あさ
    - Romaji : asa
    Kanji :

  • afternoon : ごご
    - Romaji : gogo
    Kanji : 午后

  • evening : ばん
    - Romaji : ban
    Kanji :

  • night : よる
    - Romaji : yoru
    Kanji :

  • midnight : まよなか
    - Romaji : mayonaka
    Kanji : 真夜中

  • left : ひだり
    - Romaji : hidari
    Kanji :

  • right : みぎ
    - Romaji : migi
    Kanji :

  • north : きた
    - Romaji : kita
    Kanji :

  • south : みなみ
    - Romaji : minami
    Kanji :

  • east : ひがし
    - Romaji : higashi
    Kanji :

  • west : にし
    - Romaji : nishi
    Kanji : 西

  • house : うち, いえ
    - うち
    いえ Romaji : uchi, ie
    Kanji :


  • street : とうり, みち
    - とうり
    みち Romaji : tōri, michi
    Kanji :  


  • avenue : おうどうり
    - Romaji : ōdōri
    Kanji : 大通り

  • lake : みずうみ
    - Romaji : mizūmi
    Kanji :

  • mountain : やま
    - Romaji : yama
    Kanji :

  • river : かわ, がわ
    - かわ
    がわ Romaji : kawa, gawa
    Kanji :


  • car : くるま
    - Romaji : kuruma
    Kanji :

  • train : でんしゃ
    - Romaji : densha
    Kanji : 電車

  • ship : ふね
    - Romaji : fune
    Kanji :fune



Try the Quiz : BASIC WORDS (KIHON-TEKI NA KOTOBA)


Contact Info © 1999-2022 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-