Syvum Home Page

Home > Examinations > NYSED Regents Exams > Global History and Geography > Print Preview

Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2017 Exam

Formats View Examination Paper with Answers Solve Examination Paper Questions Review

Hide all answers   View all answers   Print   Try the Quiz

1.
                                                  Part I
                                    Answer all questions in this part.
   Directions (1–50): For each statement or question, record on your separate answer sheet the number of the
word or expression that, of those given, best completes the statement or answers the question.
   Base your answer to question 1 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
1   Which modification to the environment would most likely need to be made to grow
    cotton in the region directly south of the Aral Sea?
    (1) Terraces would need to be constructed.
    (2) Irrigation systems would need to be established.
    (3) Desalination plants would need to be built.
    (4) Floating gardens would need to be developed.
Answer: 2

2.
2 Historians need to determine the authenticity of
  a source in order to
  (1) establish its usefulness
  (2) reinforce popular opinion
  (3) demonstrate the significance of religious
      beliefs
  (4) determine the characteristics of propaganda
Answer: 1

3.
3 In a traditional economy, habits, customs, and
  rituals function as
  (1) territorial boundaries
  (2) incentives to change
  (3) independent theories
  (4) primary considerations in decision making
Answer: 4


4.
4 Which title best completes the partial outline
  below?
(1)   Features of Gupta Empire
(2)   Attributes of Indus Valley Civilizations
(3)   Characteristics of Ancient Greece
(4)   Traits of Ancient China
Answer: 3

5.
5 The Hellenistic culture, associated with the rule
  of Alexander the Great, developed as a result of
  (1) ethnocentrism          (3) direct democracy
  (2) cultural diffusion     (4) embargoes
Answer: 2

6.
6 The pyramids of ancient Mesoamerica and the
  aqueducts of ancient Rome demonstrate that
  these early civilizations
  (1) used large wooden structures for protection
  (2) practiced religious toleration
  (3) were able to prevent flooding
  (4) had advanced technology
Answer: 4

7.
7 One similarity between Confucianism and
  Christianity is that both belief systems
  emphasize
  (1) respecting others
  (2) praying five times a day
  (3) converting others to their teachings
  (4) making pilgrimages to holy shrines
Answer: 1

8.
8 Interactions between the Byzantine Empire and
  Kievan Russia influenced the Russians to
  (1) recognize the absolute political authority of
      the Pope
  (2) adopt Orthodox Christianity
  (3) call for an alliance with the Muslims
  (4) terrorize Charlemagne’s empire
Answer: 2

9.
   Base your answer to question 9 on the artifact
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
9 In what way does this artifact represent the
  culture of the Tang dynasty?
  (1) Camels were used by traders along the Silk
      Roads.
  (2) Decorative ceramics were primarily imported
      from Japan.
  (3) Farmers used camels to plow fields in the
      Gobi Desert region.
  (4) Iron stirrups were developed and traded with
      the Mongols.
Answer: 1

10.
10 Throughout Japan’s early history, a major factor
   contributing to its ability to resist invasion was its
   (1) island location
   (2) superior military technology
   (3) alliances with neighbors on the continent
   (4) decentralized government structures
Answer: 1

11.
   Base your answer to question 11 on the passage
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
   . . .The impact of the pandemic on Christian
   Europe is fairly well known since the Black Death
   has been the subject of considerable scholarly
   attention. This interest has led to a misconception
   of the Black Death as primarily a European
   phenomenon. Regrettably, the Black Death in
   the Orient has not attracted a comparable interest,
   but this neglect should not be interpreted as an
   indication of its lack of historical significance.
   The famous fourteenth-century Muslim historian,
   Ibn Khaldū n, who lost his parents and a number
   of his teachers during the Black Death in Tunis,
   recognized the import of the pandemic for Islamic
   civilization: . . .
                     — Michael W. Dols, Viator (adapted)
11 Which statement expresses the author’s argument
   regarding misconceptions related to the Black
   Death?
   (1) Primary sources have been difficult to find.
   (2) Testimonies about the Black Death are
       unreliable.
   (3) The causes of the Black Death are not
       understood by historians.
   (4) Historical study has focused more on one
       region rather than on others.
Answer: 4

12.
12 The influence of Greek and Roman culture on
   some Renaissance art is reflected in
   (1) a realistic portrayal of the human body
   (2) challenges made to ancient religious ideals
   (3) the impact of William Shakespeare’s writing
       in southern Europe
   (4) competition promoted between northern and
       southern European artists
Answer: 1

13.
13 Which situation was a direct result of the
   Protestant Reformation in western Europe?
   (1) The Pope was removed as leader of the
       Catholic Church.
   (2) The religions of the people of Europe became
       more diverse.
   (3) Women assumed leadership in most Christian
       denominations.
   (4) European rulers established religious
       freedom for their subjects.
Answer: 2

14.
14 Knowledge about trade wind patterns and the
   ability of sailors to utilize them on the Indian and
   Atlantic Oceans demonstrate that
   (1) government monopolies affect trade
   (2) geography and technology influence economic
       activity
   (3) economic concepts dominate the study of
       transportation
   (4) laws and customs regulate exchanges across
       international waters
Answer: 2

15.
15 The Spanish encomienda system established in
   the Spanish colonies of Latin America was most
   similar to European
   (1) guild systems
   (2) joint stock companies
   (3) subsistence agriculture
   (4) feudal land grants
Answer: 4

16.
16 Which statement about Louis XIV is an opinion
   rather than a fact?
   (1) He insisted that Huguenots convert to
       Catholicism.
   (2) He strengthened the monarchy by centralizing
       the government.
   (3) The wars he engaged in were the least
       successful in the history of France.
   (4) The palace he built at Versailles was part of
       his plan for controlling the nobles.
Answer: 3

17.
17 The idea that all people are born with the natural
   rights of life, liberty, and property is most directly
   associated with the writings of
   (1) Baron de Montesquieu
   (2) Thomas Hobbes
   (3) Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet
   (4) John Locke
Answer: 4

18.
18 What influence did the Scientific Revolution have
   on the Enlightenment in Europe?
   (1) Natural laws were used to explain human
       affairs.
   (2) Economic growth was slowed by the lack of
       useable technology.
   (3) Scientific truths were used to justify absolute
       monarchies.
   (4) The emphasis on religious doctrine led to the
       rejection of scientific ideas.
Answer: 1

19.
Base your answer to question 19 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.
19 This map shows that at the height of the Ottoman Empire, the empire
   (1) controlled the port cities of Barcelona and Marseille
   (2) governed the Persian Empire
   (3) included territory in Europe, Africa, and Asia
   (4) completely surrounded the Red Sea
Answer: 3

20.
20 Which geographic feature aided industrialization
   in Great Britain?
   (1) good harbors        (3) highland climate
   (2) large forests       (4) monsoon winds
Answer: 1


21.
21 Capitalism is to private ownership as communism
   is to
   (1) supply and demand (3) state control
   (2) laissez-faire          (4) self-determination
Answer: 3

22.
22 The terms of the Treaty of Nanjing and of the
   Treaty of Kanagawa demonstrate the
   (1) unequal relationships that characterized
       imperialism
   (2) humanitarian ideals that accompanied
       missionary activity
   (3) importance of technology in developing
       economies
   (4) changing roles of men and women associated
       with modernization
Answer: 1

23.
    Base your answers to questions 23 and 24 on
the excerpts below and on your knowledge of social
studies.
   . . . The following serious accidents (minor injuries
   are not reported) were recorded in the Manchester
   Guardian between June 12th and August 3rd,
   1844:
   . . . 15th June, 1844: A youth from Saddleworth
   died of dreadful injuries after being caught in a
   machine.
         29th June, 1844: A young man of Greenacres
   Moor, near Manchester, working in a machine
   shop, had two ribs broken and suffered
   from many cuts as a result of falling under a
   grindstone. . . .
         3rd August, 1844: A Dukinfield bobbin
   turner was caught in a belt and had all his ribs
   broken. . . .
                                     — Friedrich Engels
23 Friedrich Engels is using these examples to draw
   attention to the
   (1) efficiency of the factory system
   (2) working conditions in factories
   (3) living conditions in cities
   (4) quality of care in urban hospitals
Answer: 2

24.
24 The Parliamentary response to circumstances like
   these was to
   (1) ship most manufacturing overseas
   (2) take over poorly run businesses
   (3) offer support to striking workers
   (4) adopt safety reforms
Answer: 4

25.
25 • Japan fights China. (1894)
   • Japan defeats Russia. (1905)
   • Japan annexes Korea. (1910)
   These events reflect the growing power of Japan
   and its desire to
   (1) spread Shinto
   (2) acquire warm-water ports
   (3) obtain natural resources
   (4) suppress the Boxer Rebellion
Answer: 3

26.
   Base your answer to question 26 on the cartoon
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
26 The situation shown in this 1919 cartoon is most
   directly associated with
   (1) efforts to stabilize the global economy
   (2) the removal of Lenin from power
   (3) widespread German victories
   (4) the aftermath of war
Answer: 4

27.
27 • Development of secret alliances
   • Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
   • Stalemate along the trenches
   Which conflict is directly associated with these
   events?
   (1) Austro-Prussian War (3) World War I
   (2) Boer War              (4) World War II
Answer: 3

28.
28 The term Zionism can be defined as a form of
   (1) nonalignment        (3) nationalism
   (2) collective security (4) pacifism
Answer: 3

29.
29 • Bitterness over the Treaty of Versailles
   • Loss of the Ruhr and overseas colonies
   • Rising inflation and unemployment
   These factors are most closely associated with
   (1) the rise of fascism in Germany
   (2) the Russian Revolution of 1917
   (3) French imperialism in Africa
   (4) the communist revolution in China
Answer: 1

30.
30 Which geographic factor most directly contributed
   to the early success of the Nazi blitzkrieg during
   World War II?
   (1) Alps Mountain Range
   (2) English Channel
   (3) Thames River
   (4) Northern European Plain
Answer: 4

31.
31 Use of the term Iron Curtain is meant to symbolize
   and highlight differences in
   (1) religious philosophy
   (2) political ideology
   (3) art and architecture
   (4) resources and climate
Answer: 2

32.
32 One reason Mao Zedong, Ho Chi Minh, and Fidel
   Castro rose to power was that these leaders
   (1) promoted capitalism and democracy
   (2) gained the support of the peasants
   (3) represented the interests of rich landowners
   (4) wanted their countries to stress religious
       values
Answer: 2

33.
33 The organization of campaigns in South Africa
   against the policy of racial separation and
   segregation are most closely associated with
   (1) Jomo Kenyatta         (3) Nelson Mandela
   (2) Cecil Rhodes          (4) Kwame Nkrumah
Answer: 3

34.
34 Beginning in the late 1970s, one of Deng
   Xiaoping’s major goals for the People’s Republic
   of China was to
   (1) encourage economic growth through
       modernization
   (2) support the practice of traditional religions
   (3) lessen control over the bureaucracy
   (4) protect the purity of revolutionary doctrine
Answer: 1

35.
35 • Sale of nuclear materials on the black market
   • Reassertion of cultural identities in Ukraine
     and Moldova
   • Application for membership in the European
     Union by the Czech Republic
   Which event most directly influenced these
   conditions?
   (1) collapse of the Soviet Union
   (2) failure of the Berlin blockade
   (3) revolution in Iran
   (4) pro-democracy protests in Tiananmen Square
Answer: 1


36.
36 A major goal of both the World Bank and the
   International Monetary Fund (IMF) has been to
   (1) control oil prices
   (2) promote the development of rain forests
   (3) expand governmental control of industry
   (4) encourage economic development
Answer: 4

37.
Base your answer to question 37 on the cartoon below and on your knowledge of social studies.
37 What is the main idea of this cartoon?
   (1) Peace talks have led to a cease-fire.
   (2) The conflict is near an end.
   (3) Negotiations have failed.
   (4) Key groups have been brought to the peace table.
Answer: 3

38.
38 One way in which Hiroshima and Chernobyl are
   similar is that people in both places were
   (1) displaced by earthquakes
   (2) harmed by nuclear radiation
   (3) affected by massive oil spills
   (4) devastated by biological warfare
Answer: 2

39.
39 One way in which the motives for the Arab Spring
   and for the French Revolution are similar is that
   people wanted to
   (1) rid society of secular beliefs
   (2) alter the government to bring about reform
   (3) create change through nonviolent means
   (4) end economic inequalities using social media
Answer: 2

40.
40 One way in which the conversion of the Hagia
   Sophia into an Islamic mosque and the tearing
   down of the Berlin Wall are similar is that both
   occurred due to
   (1) shifts in political power
   (2) forced migrations of religious groups
   (3) adoption of steel technology
   (4) the restoration of international trade
Answer: 1

41.
Base your answers to questions 41 and 42 on the chart below and on your knowledge of social studies.
41 Based on this chart, which statement about these countries is most accurate?
   (1) Nigeria has the lowest literacy rate for men and women.
   (2) Japan is the most densely populated country.
   (3) Venezuela has the lowest percentage of urbanization.
   (4) France has the largest population.
Answer: 2

42.
42 Which generalization can best be supported using the data in this chart?
   (1) The higher the population of a country is, the larger the area will be.
   (2) The less arable land a country has, the lower the literacy rate will be.
   (3) Longer life expectancies tend to correlate with higher literacy rates for men and women.
   (4) The more people per square kilometer a country has, the more likely it is to have a higher
       percentage of urban population.
Answer: 3

43.
43 Which development occurred during the
   Neolithic Revolution?
   (1) Food was grown on haciendas.
   (2) Stone tools were used for the first time.
   (3) The factory system replaced the domestic
       system.
   (4) Permanent settlements were established in
       river valleys.
Answer: 4

44.
44 Expansion of the Hanseatic League, prosperity
   of Italian city-states, and growth of trade fairs all
   influenced the
   (1) spread of Islamic beliefs
   (2) development of Pax Romana
   (3) growth of commercial activity in Europe
   (4) maintenance of military outposts in West
       Africa
Answer: 3

45.
Base your answers to questions 45 and 46 on the image below and on your knowledge of social studies.
45 Which civilization is shown in this image?
   (1) Maurya                                (3) Islamic
   (2) Maya                                  (4) Cambodian
Answer: 3

46.
46 Some of the items shown in this image directly contributed to the
   (1) age of European exploration         (3) fall of the Zulu
   (2) invasions by the Central Asians     (4) formation of the Justinian Code
Answer: 1

47.
47 The voyages of Zheng He, development of blue
   and white porcelain, and the establishment of the
   Forbidden City are all associated with the
   (1) Tokugawa shogunate (3) Axum Kingdom
   (2) Ming dynasty           (4) Umayyad dynasty
Answer: 2

48.
48 • Emperor Montezuma falls from power.
   • Large numbers of Native Americans died from
     smallpox and other diseases.
   These events occurred as a result of the
   (1) Encounter
   (2) Latin American independence movements
   (3) Mexican Revolution
   (4) Cuban Revolution
Answer: 1

49.
49 One similarity between the rule of Peter the
   Great and the rule of Emperor Meiji is that their
   governments
   (1) encouraged the people to convert to
       Christianity
   (2) supported isolationist policies
   (3) implemented democratic elections for
       legislative bodies
   (4) began to modernize by adopting Western
       technology
Answer: 4

50.
   Base your answer to question 50 on the excerpt
below and on your knowledge of social studies.
        The Young Turks: Proclamation for
          the Ottoman Empire, 1908
   . . . 7. The Turkish tongue will remain the official
   state language. Official correspondence and
   discussion will take place in Turk. . . .
         9. Every citizen will enjoy complete liberty
   and equality, regardless of nationality or religion,
   and be submitted to the same obligations. All
   Ottomans, being equal before the law as regards
   rights and duties relative to the State, are eligible
   for government posts, according to their individual
   capacity and their education. Non-Muslims will
   be equally liable to the military law. . . .
        —“The Young Turks,” A. Sarrou, trans., Paris, 1912
50 This proclamation incorporates the principle of
   (1) national identity    (3) Social Darwinism
   (2) divine right         (4) Marxism
Answer: 1


51.
           Answers to the essay questions are to be written in the separate essay booklet.
In developing your answer to Part II, be sure to keep these general definitions in mind:
        (a) explain means “to make plain or understandable; to give reasons for or causes of; to
            show the logical development or relationships of”
        (b) discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning, and
            argument; to present in some detail”
                                                   Part II
                                     THEMATIC ESSAY QUESTION
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs addressing the task
            below, and a conclusion.
        Theme: Needs and Wants
                 Throughout history, the need and desire for certain natural resources and
                 products have significantly influenced the development of civilizations, empires,
                 and regions. Availability and access to these natural resources and products have
                 helped and hindered their development.
        Task:
                 Select two different natural resources and/or products and for each
                 • Explain why people needed or desired this natural resource and/or product
                 • Discuss how this natural resource and/or product has significantly influenced
                   the development of a civilization, an empire, and/or a region
               You may use any natural resource or product from your study of global history and
        geography. Some suggestions you might wish to consider include coal, oil, diamonds, water,
        salt, wood, rubber, tea, cotton, spices, and sugar.
                                You are not limited to these suggestions.
                        Do not write about the United States and its resources.
        Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


52.
NAME _______           SCHOOL _______
                                                 Part III
                                  DOCUMENT-BASED QUESTION
    This question is based on the accompanying documents. The question is designed to test your
ability to work with historical documents. Some of these documents have been edited for the purposes
of this question. As you analyze the documents, take into account the source of each document and
any point of view that may be presented in the document. Keep in mind that the language used in a
document may reflect the historical context of the time in which it was written.
        Historical Context:
              During the rule of the British Crown known as the Raj (1857–1947), the British took
              many actions to strengthen and maintain their rule over the Indian subcontinent.
              The impact of British rule on the people and the region can be viewed from a variety
              of perspectives.
       Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history
             and geography, answer the questions that follow each document in Part A. Your
             answers to the questions will help you write the Part B essay in which you will be
             asked to
                • Discuss how actions taken by the British strengthened and/or maintained their
                  rule over the Indian subcontinent between 1857 and 1947
                • Discuss, from different perspectives, the impact of British rule on the people
                  and/or the region
In developing your answers to Part III, be sure to keep this general definition in mind:
        discuss means “to make observations about something using facts, reasoning, and
        argument; to present in some detail”
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


53.
Part A
Short-Answer Questions
Directions: Analyze the documents and answer the short-answer questions that follow each document in the
            space provided.
Document 1
        . . .The Indian Mutiny [1857] had come as a nasty shock, especially since British rule in
        India had appeared so secure. In order to prevent such an outbreak again, the authority for
        governing British India was removed from John Company [the British East India Company]
        and placed in the hands of the Crown. Queen Victoria became Empress of India, and her
        personal representative in the country was to be the Viceroy, who replaced the Governor-
        General, the administration of India being controlled by the India Office in London. The
        British Army presence in the country, as opposed to what was now called the Indian Army,
        was increased to 65,000 men, and as a general principle every garrison was now to contain at
        least one British regiment. . . .
                                                 Source: Charles Messenger, British Army, Bramley Books, 1997
 1 According to Charles Messenger, what is one way the British attempted to strengthen their control over the
   Indian subcontinent after the Indian Mutiny? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


54.
Document 2
       . . .How the Raj treated the famines of the 1870s and 1890s says much about its character.
       Original prognoses [predictions] about railway and canal expansion were probably correct,
       although there is no exact method of calculating precisely the numbers saved by food
       distributed by rail. Many more would have died if there had been no extension of the rail
       network; of this we can be certain. Likewise, as [British Viceroy] Curzon appreciated in
       1903 when he initiated a new, ambitious policy of digging more canals, artificial irrigation
       saved lives. But humanitarianism was always balanced by pragmatism [practicality] and the
       Raj never lost sight of the need to pay its way. Technical improvements which made Indians
       less vulnerable to the wayward forces of nature were also contrived [planned] to enrich them
       [Indians] and, through taxation, the government. The waterways which rendered hitherto arid
       regions of the Sind and the Punjab fruitful added to the government’s revenue. A Punjabi
       district which had been assessed at £15,000 annually before irrigation was rated at £24,000
       afterwards. . . .
          Source: Lawrence James, Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India, St. Martin’s Griffin, 1997 (adapted)
2 According to Lawrence James, what is one action taken by the Raj that aided the Indian people and
  strengthened British rule? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


55.
Document 3
       . . .New schools were started by the British, by princely governments, by missionaries, and
       by private enterprise. These schools were at all levels, including universities. The English
       language was used in all schools of higher education. Though only a tiny minority of Indians
       attended these schools, those who did received a fine English education (facility [fluency]
       in English became the badge of an educated man). They studied English ideas about
       democracy and nationalism, and became the eventual leaders of the movement for Indian
       independence. . . .
                Source: Milton Jay Belasco, India-Pakistan: History, Culture, People, Cambridge Book Company, 1968
3 According to Milton Jay Belasco, what is one way the British and others influenced Indian culture? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


56.
Document 4
        . . .If the bureaucracy of the British Raj was a kind of despotism, it was a very different kind
        from that which the Indian people had experienced before the British came.
              In the first place, the British Raj was stronger than any of its predecessors, stronger
        even than the Mogul Empire, and this enabled it to keep India, as never before, safe from
        attack without and united and at peace within. The old menace of invasion was dispelled
        [eliminated]. No hostile army crossed the frontier till 1942. The countryside was no longer
        swept from time to time by warring and rapacious [aggressive] hosts. The main highways were
        no longer infested by bands of brigands [bandits]. Villagers could sleep of nights: their lives
        and property were safer now than they had ever been.
              Secondly, the British Raj replaced arbitrary despotism by the rule of law. By becoming
        British subjects many millions of Indians acquired ‘a government of laws, not of men’, and
        therewith as full a protection of their personal rights by impersonal justice and as wide a
        measure of civil liberty as any people in the world enjoyed. As to the content of the law, the
        existing laws were consolidated and codified in accordance with ‘the indisputable principle’,
        as a British parliamentary committee put it, ‘that the interests of the Native subjects are to be
        consulted in preference to those of Europeans whenever the two come into competition, and
        that therefore the laws ought to be adapted rather to the feelings and habits of the Natives
        than to those of Europeans’. The adoption of English judicial procedure, it is sometimes
        argued, was unwise, since it was ill suited to the backward conditions of Indian country life.
        But otherwise the creation of the new courts of justice was an almost unqualified gain. They
        obtained, wrote an experienced Indian nationalist, ‘a prestige and authority unknown in Asia’
        outside the areas of European rule. They planted in the Indian mind a new respect for law as
        something to which even the strongest Government must bow. The value of this gift has yet
        to be put to its final proof; for it is on allegiance to a sovereign law that the peace and stability
        of the free India of the future must mainly depend. . . .
                        Source: Sir Reginald Coupland, India: A Re-Statement, Oxford University Press, 1945 (adapted)
4a What is one way Sir Reginald Coupland believes the British Raj improved life for the Indians? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


57.
b Based on this excerpt, what is Sir Reginald Coupland’s view of Indian people? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


58.
Document 5
        . . .The roots of Hindu-Muslim animosities [hatred] can be traced in part to British policy.
        The British rulers, in an effort to maintain authority over the vast lands of India, encouraged
        Indians to direct discontent against other Indians rather than against the British rule. As
        the desire for independence grew, the British undermined the Muslims’ trust in the Indian
        National Congress. Muslims feared the Congress spoke only for Hindu interests. Generally,
        the Muslim political party—the Muslim League—cooperated with the British in return for
        safeguards and concessions. When the British established elections for the central legislative
        council [1909], they made the Muslims into a separate electoral group. “Divide and rule” was
        the British policy. It was in the British interest to foster Muslim separatism. . . .
                                        Source: Donald J. Johnson, et al., “Why Hindus and Muslims Speak Hate,”
                                                                                Through Indian Eyes, CITE Books
5a Based on this excerpt from Through Indian Eyes, what is one example of the British fostering Hindu and
   Muslim animosities? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


59.
b Based on this excerpt from Through Indian Eyes, what is an action taken by the Muslim League because it
  feared a Hindu majority? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


60.
Document 6
       . . .And why do I regard the British rule as a curse?
             It has impoverished the dumb millions by a system of progressive exploitation and by a
       ruinously expensive military and civil administration which the country can never afford.
             It has reduced us politically to serfdom. It has sapped the foundations of our culture.
       And, by the policy of disarmament, it has degraded us spiritually. Lacking the inward strength,
       we have been reduced, by all but universal disarmament, to a State bordering on cowardly
       helplessness. . . .
                                   Source: Letter from M.K. Gandhi, Esq. to the Viceroy, Lord Irwin, March 2, 1930
6 According to Gandhi, what is one problem created by British rule? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


61.
Document 7
       . . .The India Act of 1935 had two parts, each of which became amendments to the Constitution.
       The first part, put into effect in 1937, gave the provincial assemblies and administrations full
       autonomy in government. The Viceroy retained the right to overrule them, however. The
       Act’s second part attempted to establish a federal union combining the British-held territories
       with the more than 560 Princely States. The British-held territories by this time included
       Bengal, Assam, Punjab, Sind, Bihar, Orissa, Madras, North-West Frontier Provinces, Central
       Provinces, United Provinces, and Bombay. . . .
                                                                 Source: Warshaw and Bromwell with A.J. Tudisco,
                             India Emerges: A Concise History of India from Its Origin to the Present, Benziger, 1975
7 Based on this excerpt from India Emerges, what is one way the British government maintained control in
  India under the India Act of 1935? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


62.
Document 8
                                      British Rule in India (1946)
       . . .Thus India had to bear [support] the cost of her own conquest, and then of her transfer (or
       sale) from the East India Company to the British crown, and for the extension of the British
       empire to Burma and elsewhere, and expeditions to Africa, Persia, etc., and for her defense
       against Indians themselves. She was not only used as a base for imperial purposes, without
       any reimbursement for this, but she had further to pay for the training of part of the British
       Army in England—“capitation” charges these were called. Indeed India was charged for all
       manner of other expenses incurred [contracted] by Britain, such as the maintenance of British
       diplomatic and consular establishments in China and Persia, the entire cost of the telegraph
       line from England to India, part of the expenses of the British Mediterranean fleet, and even
       the receptions given to the sultan of Turkey in London. . . .
                                   Source: Jawaharlal Nehru, The Discovery of India, The John Day Company, 1946
8 According to Nehru, what is one way India had to support the costs of the British Empire? [1]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


63.
Document 9
       . . .During World War II, Britain made its last demands on India as its colony. It took stringent
       [harsh] police measures to preserve the Raj against increasing Indian nationalism while
       England used India as both a supply and operations base. Many Indians served in the British
       military forces, and Indian industry was expanded to supply the war effort. While some parts
       of India benefited from the increased industrial production, war-related factors combined
       with lack of rain led to food shortages that resulted in 2 million deaths by starvation in Bengal
       between 1942 and 1944. . . .
                                                                  Source: William Goodwin, India, Lucent Books
9 According to William Goodwin, what are two ways India was asked to support Great Britain in the
  1940s? [2]
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site


64.
Part B
Essay
Directions: Write a well-organized essay that includes an introduction, several paragraphs, and a conclusion.
            Use evidence from at least five documents in your essay. Support your response with relevant facts,
            examples, and details. Include additional outside information.
         Historical Context:
                During the rule of the British Crown known as the Raj (1857–1947), the British took
                many actions to strengthen and maintain their rule over the Indian subcontinent.
                The impact of British rule on the people and the region can be viewed from a variety
                of perspectives.
         Task: Using the information from the documents and your knowledge of global history and
               geography, write an essay in which you
                  • Discuss how actions taken by the British strengthened and/or maintained their
                    rule over the Indian subcontinent between 1857 and 1947
                  • Discuss, from different perspectives, the impact of British rule on the people
                    and/or the region
         Guidelines:
                In your essay, be sure to
                • Develop all aspects of the task
                • Incorporate information from at least five documents
                • Incorporate relevant outside information
                • Support the theme with relevant facts, examples, and details
                • Use a logical and clear plan of organization, including an introduction and a conclusion that
                  are beyond a restatement of the theme
Answer: CLICK LINK BELOW
View MODEL Answer in the Rating Guide from Regents Web Site



  Try the Quiz :     Global History and Geography - New York Regents January 2017 Exam


Contact Info © 1999-2017 Syvum Technologies Inc. Privacy Policy Disclaimer and Copyright
Previous
-
Next
-