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Colours, Days & Months : English - Japanese Translation Game
(Iro, Yōbi & Tsuki : Eigo - Nihongo Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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About Button apid Just what you need to know!

Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Most of the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakana is used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages (except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are phonetic representations of sound, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of  Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'The department store is closed on Mondays' is written in :

Japanese Romaji : Depāto wa getsuyōbi ni yasumi desu ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) :  デパート月曜日休みです。; where
Kanji = 月曜日 (getsuyōbi = Monday),休み (yasumi = holiday) ; Katakana = デパート(depāto = department store) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : デパートげつようびやすみです。
Note - The Kanjis in the sentence written in Japanese traditional, 月曜日 and 休み are replaced by their hiragana equivalents げつようび (getsuyōbi) andやすみ(yasumi) respectively.

Note :
(ha) is read (wa) only when it is used as the particle attached to the noun or the subject of a sentence.
In other words, one writes not for the particle wa
(wa) is always used after the subject.
In the example above, (wa) comes after the subject depāto デパート (department store) .

Kanji is sometimes written in combination with Hiragana.
In the above example yasumi (holiday) is written in  Kanji as 休み and in Hiragana as やすみ. Note the み (mi) in Kanji.

Romaji Vocabulary  Hiragana Vocabulary   Katakana Vocabulary  Kanji Vocabulary  

Hiragana Alphabets   Katakana Alphabets   Kanji Characters Tables


English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Word - Romaji (Nihongo no Kotoba)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
black kuroi Hiragana : くろい ;  Kanji : 黒い
blue aoiro Hiragana : あおいろ ;  Kanji : 青色
brown chairo Hiragana : ちゃいろい ;  Kanji : 茶色
green midori Hiragana : みどりいろ ;  Kanji : 緑色
grey haiiro Hiragana : はいいろ ;  Kanji : 灰色, 鼠色
orange enshoku Hiragana : えんしょく ;  Kanji : 炎色
pink tankoushoku Hiragana : たんこうしょく ;  Kanji : 淡紅色
purple murasaki Hiragana : むらさきいろ ;  Kanji : 紫
red akai Hiragana : あかい ;  Kanji : 赤い
silver kiniro Hiragana : ぎんいろ  ;  Kanji : 銀色
white shiroi Hiragana : しろい ;  Kanji : 白
yellow kiiro Hiragana : きいろ ;  Kanji : 黄色


English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Word - Romaji (Nihongo no Kotoba)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
Monday getsuyoubi, getsuyōbi Hiragana : げつようび ;  Kanji : 月曜日
Tuesday kayoubi, kayōbi Hiragana : かようび ;  Kanji : 火曜日
Wednesday suiyoubi, suiyōbi Hiragana : すいようび ;  Kanji : 水曜日
Thursday mokuyoubi, mokuyōbi Hiragana : もくようび ;  Kanji : 木曜日
Friday kinyoubi, kinyōbi Hiragana : きんようび ;  Kanji : 金曜日
Saturday doyoubi, doyōbi Hiragana : どようび ;  Kanji : 土曜日
Sunday nichiyoubi, nichiyōbi Hiragana : にちようび ;  Kanji : 日曜日


English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Word - Romaji (Nihongo no Kotoba)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
January ichigastu Hiragana : いちがつ ;  Kanji : 一月
February nigatsu Hiragana : にがつ ;  Kanji : 二月
March sangatsu Hiragana : さんがつ ;  Kanji : 三月
April shigatsu Hiragana : しがつ ;  Kanji : 四月
May gogatsu Hiragana : ごがつ ;  Kanji : 五月
June rokugatsu Hiragana : ろくがつ ;  Kanji : 六月
July shichigatsu Hiragana : しちがつ ;  Kanji : 七月
August hachigatsu Hiragana : はちがつ ;  Kanji : 八月
September kugatsu Hiragana : くがつ ;  Kanji : 九月
October juugatsu, jūgatsu Hiragana : じゅうがつ ;  Kanji : 十月
November juuichigatsu, jūichigatsu Hiragana : じゅういちがつ ;  Kanji : 十一月
December juunigatsu, jūinigatsu Hiragana : じゅうにがつ ;  Kanji : 十二月


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