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Fruits & Vegetables : English - Japanese Translation Game
(Kudamono to Yasai : Eigo - Nihongo Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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Try the Quiz : FRUITS AND VEGETABLES (KUDAMONO TO YASAI)

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Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Mostof the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakana is used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages(except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are phonetic representations of sound, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of  Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'Won't you have a pineapple with me?' is written in :

Japanese Romaji : Watashi to painappuru o tabemasen ka? ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) :  パイナップルべませんか; where
Kanji = (watashi = I, me) (ta) ; Katakana = パイナップル(painappuru = pineapple) and the rest is Hiragana.
Note that the question mark ? is omitted.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : わたしパイナップルべませんか
Note - The Kanjis in the sentence written in Japanese traditional, and are replaced by their hiragana equivalents わたし (watashi) and(ta) respectively.

Note :
を(o) is used as the particle in a sentence to indicate the direct object of a transitive verb.
を(o) is always used after the object and before the verb.
In the example above, を(o)comes after the object painappuru パイナップル(pineapple) and before the verb tabemasen (not eat).  

Kanji is sometimes written in combination with Hiragana. In the above example tabemasen (will not eat) is written in  Kanji as べません and in Hiragana as べません.

Romaji Vocabulary  Hiragana Vocabulary   Katakana Vocabulary  Kanji Vocabulary  

Hiragana Alphabets   Katakana Alphabets   Kanji Characters Tables


KUDAMONO (FRUITS)

VEGETABLES IN ENGLISH (Yasai Eigo de)VEGETABLES IN JAPANESE - ROMAJI (Yasai Nihongo de)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
apple      anzu Hiragana : あんず ; Kanji : 杏
pineapple   painappuru Katakana : パイナップル
berry  kajitsu Hiragana : かじつ ; Kanji : 果実
banana banana Katakana : バナナ
cherry  mizakura Hiragana : みざくら ; Kanji : 実桜
lemon  remon Katakana :レモン
date natsumeyashi Hiragana : なつめやし ; Kanji : 棗椰子
fig ichijiku Hiragana : いちじく ; Kanji : 無花果
strawberry ichigo Hiragana : いちご ; Kanji : 苺
raspberry   kiichigo Hiragana : きいちご ; Kanji : 木苺
persimmon kaki Hiragana : かき ; Kanji : 柿
melon uri, meron Hiragana :うり; Katakana : メロン ; Kanji : 瓜
olive oriibu, orību Katakana : オリーブ
orange mikan, orenji Hiragana : みかん; Katakana : オレンジ ; Kanji : 蜜柑
grapefruit gureepufuruutsu, gurēpufurūtsu Katakana : グレープフルーツ
watermelon suika Hiragana : すいか ; Kanji : 西瓜
peach momo Hiragana :もも ; Kanji : 桃
pear nashi Hiragana : なし ; Kanji : 梨
apple      ringo Hiragana : りんご ; Kanji : 林檎
plum ume Hiragana :うめ ; Kanji : 梅
grapes budou, budō Hiragana : ぶどう ; Kanji : 葡萄

YASAI (VEGETABLES)

VEGETABLES IN ENGLISH (Yasai Eigo de)VEGETABLES IN JAPANESE - ROMAJI (Yasai Nihongo de)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
artichoke       aateichooku, āteichōku Katakana :アーティチョーク
asparagus  asuparagasu Katakana :アスパラガス
avocado abokado Katakana :アボカド
bamboo shoot takenoko Hiragana : たけのこ ; Kanji : 竹の子
cabbage  tamana, kyabetsu Hiragana : たまな, Katakana : キャベツ ; Kanji : 玉菜
carrot  ninjin Hiragana : にんじん ; Kanji : 人参
cauliflower  hanayasai Hiragana : はなやさい ; Kanji : 花野菜
celery  serori Katakana : セロリ 
chinese cabbage hakusai Hiragana : はくさい ; Kanji : 白菜
corn toumorokoshi (tōmorokoshi) Hiragana :とうもろこし ; Kanji : 玉蜀黍
cucumber  kyuuri, kyūri Hiragana : きゅうり ; Kanji : 胡瓜
eggplant  nasu Hiragana : なす ; Kanji : 茄子
garlic  ninniku Hiragana : にんにく ; Kanji : 大蒜
ginger shouga, shōga Hiragana :しょうが ; Kanji : 生姜
green beans  mame Hiragana :まめ ; Kanji : 豆
green pepper piiman, pīman Katakana :ピーマン
leek  seiyounegi, seiyōnegi Hiragana : せいようねぎ ; Kanji : 西洋葱
lettuce  chisha, retasu Hiragana :ちしゃ; Katakana : レタス ; Kanji : 萵苣
mint  minto Katakana :ミント
mushroom  kinoko Hiragana : きのこ ; Kanji : 茸
onion  tamanegi Hiragana : たまねぎ ; Kanji : 玉葱
parsley  seri Hiragana : せり ; Kanji : 芹
pea  endou, endō Hiragana : えんどう ; Kanji : 豌豆
potato  imo Hiragana : いも ; Kanji : 芋
pumpkin  kabocha Hiragana : かぼちゃ ; Kanji : 南瓜
radish  daikon Hiragana : だいこん ; Kanji : 大根
soya beans daizu Hiragana : だいず ; Kanji : 大豆
spinach  hourensou, hōrensō Hiragana : ほうれんそう ; Kanji : 菠薐草
spring onion, scallion naganegi Hiragana : ながねぎ ; Kanji : 長葱
sweet potato satsumaimo Hiragana :さつまいも ; Kanji : 薩摩芋
tomato  tomato Katakana :トマト
turnip  kabu Hiragana : かぶ ; Kanji : 蕪
zucchini, courgette zukkiini, zukkīni Katakana : ズッキーニ 

Try the Quiz : FRUITS AND VEGETABLES (KUDAMONO TO YASAI)


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