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Food & Drink : English - Japanese Translation Game
(Tabemono to Nomimono : Eigo - Nihongo Hon'yaku Gēmu)

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Try the Quiz : FOOD & DRINK (TABEMONO TO YOMIMONO)

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Usage of Japanese Scripts
  • There are 3 Japanese scripts : Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji. Mostof the Japanese sentences are written in Hiragana, Katakana & Kanji, all three.
  • Hiragana is used for the endings of verbs and for grammatical particles.
  • Katakanais used for transcription of words borrowed from foreign languages(except Chinese), like country names, personal names, etc.
  • Both Hiragana and Katakana letters are phonetic reperesentations of sound, representing exactly the same set of sounds.
  • Kanji, which is a set of Chinese characters called sinograms, is used for the nouns and the radicals of verbs.
  • The Hiragana script has a Kanji equivalent (excepts the endings of verbs and the particles).
  • The Katakana script does not have a Kanji equivalent.
  • Whereas Hiragana and Katakana are phonetic representations of sound, Kanji conveys sounds as well as meanings.
  • A sentence in Japanese can be written in Hiragana and Katakana only (without Kanji).
  • Romaji (Roman letters) is simply the transliteration of  Japanese in the Latin script. It is sometimes used for the convenience of foreigners, mostly on sign-boards and at stations.
  • The Romaji vowelsā, ī, ū, ē signify emphasis, and hence are also written asaa, ii, uu et ee. ex. īe = iie
  • The vowel ō becomes ou and not oo ex. gakkō = gakkou
  • In Katakana, the emphasis on the vowel signifies a long sound written as . ex. nōto (notebook), will be written in katakana as : ノ

Example. The sentence 'Let's have a cup of coffee' is written in :

Japanese Romaji :kōhī o ippai nomimashō ;

Japanese traditional (Hiragana, Katakana and Kanji) :  コーヒーをいっぱい みましょう。; where
Kanji = (みます) (nomimasu = to drink) ; Katakana = コーヒー(kōhī = coffee) and the rest is Hiragana.

Japanese Hiragana and Katakana (without Kanji) : コーヒーをいっぱい みましょう。
Note - The Kanji in the sentence written in Japanese traditional,  is replaced by its hiragana equivalent .

Note :
を(o) is used as the particle in a sentence to indicate the direct object of a transitive verb.
を(o) is always used after the object and before the verb.
In the example above, を(o)comes after the object kōhī コーヒー (coffee) and before the verb nomimashō (drink). 


Kanji is sometimes written in combination with Hiragana.
In the above example nomimashō (let's drink) is written in Kanji as みましょう, in Hiragana as みましょう. Note the (no) in Kanji.

Romaji Vocabulary  Hiragana Vocabulary   Katakana Vocabulary  Kanji Vocabulary  

Hiragana Alphabets   Katakana Alphabets   Kanji Characters Tables



NIKURUI (MEATS)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Word - Romaji (Nihongo no Kotoba)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
beef          gyuuniku, gyūniku Hiragana : ぎゅうにく ; Kanji : 牛肉
chicken  niwatori Hiragana : にわとり ; Kanji : 鶏
duck  kamoniku Hiragana : かもにく ; Kanji : 鴨肉
fish        sakana Hiragana : さかな ; Kanji : 魚
ham  hamu Katakana : ハム
lamb  youniku, yōniku, ramu Hiragana : ようにく; Katakana : ラム ; Kanji : 羊肉
pork  butaniku Hiragana : ぶたにく ; Kanji : 豚肉
poultry  kakin Hiragana : かきん ; Kanji : 家禽
trout  masu, turauto Hiragana : ます; Katakana :トラウト ; Kanji : 鱒
tuna  maguro Hiragana :まぐろ ; Kanji : 鮪
turkey  shichimenchou, shichimenchō Hiragana :しちめんちょう ; Kanji :七面鳥

SONOTA NO TABEMONO (MISCELLANEOS FOODS)

English Word (Eigo no Kotoba)Japanese Word - Romaji (Nihongo no Kotoba)Writing in Japanese Scripts - Hiragana / Katakana & Kanji
almond  aamondo, āmondo Katakana : アーモンド 
barley oomugi Hiragana : おおむぎ ; Kanji : 大麦
bread  pan Katakana : パン
butter  nyuuraku, nyūraku, bataa, batā
Hiragana : にゅうらく; Katakana : バター ;
Kanji : 乳酪
candy kyandei Katakana : キャンディ
cheese  kanraku, chiizu, chīzu Hiragana : かんらく ; Kanji : 乾酪
coffee  koohii, kōhī Katakana : コーヒー
corn  kokumotsu Hiragana : こくもつ ; Kanji : 穀物
egg  tamago Hiragana : たまご ; Kanji : 卵
hazelnut  heezerunattsu, hēzerunattsu Katakana : ヘーゼルナッツ
herb  haabu, hābu Katakana : ハーブ
honey  hachimitsu Hiragana : はちみつ ; Kanji : 蜂蜜
milk  gyuunyuu, gyūnyū Hiragana : ぎゅうにゅう ; Kanji : 牛乳
mustard  karashi Hiragana : からし ; Kanji : 芥子
oats  ootomugi, ōtomugi
Katakana / Hiragana : オートむぎ ;
Kanji : オート麦
oil  abura Hiragana : あぶら ; Kanji : 油
pasta  pasuta Katakana : パスタ
pepper  koushou Hiragana :こしょう ; Kanji : 胡椒
rice          kome Hiragana :こめ ; Kanji : 米
salt shio Hiragana :しお ; Kanji : 塩
soup  shiru, soppu Hiragana :しる ; Katakana : ソップ ; Kanji : 汁
sweets  okashi Hiragana : おかし ; Kanji : お菓子
tea            cha Hiragana : ちゃ ; Kanji : 茶
walnut  kurumi Hiragana :くるみ ; Kanji : 胡桃
water  mizu Hiragana : みず ; Kanji : 水
wheat  komugi Hiragana :こむぎ ; Kanji : 小麦
wine  kajitsushu, wain
Hiragana : かじつしゅ; Katakana :  ワイン ;
Kanji : 果実酒
yoghurt  hakkounyuu, hakkōnyū Hiragana : はっこうにゅう ; Kanji : 発酵乳

Try the Quiz : FOOD & DRINK (TABEMONO TO YOMIMONO)


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